11 terms

Art Cards, Lucky Number 7

(Painting) Southern Baroque - Romantic (11)

Terms in this set (...)

Period: Southern Baroque
ID Aspects: light and dark is highly contrasted, tenebrism, unbalanced, contemporary depiction, natural and realistic positioning of figures
Artist: Caravaggio
Patron: Contarelli Family
Name/Date: The Calling of Saint Matthew/1650 CE
Original Location: Rome
Medium: Oil
Function: Originally located in a chapel, so most likely used to pray.
Context/Content: Depiction of Jesus reaching out to have Matthew join his and his disciples. Matthew was a tax collector, whom were the most despised and wicked people of the time. Because Jesus was reaching out to someone like Matthew, it makes it easier for the average citizen to believe that Jesus also has the ability to reach out to the as well.
Period: Southern Baroque
ID Aspects: genre painting (at least for the royal family it would be an ordinary scene), darker background, asymmetrical, naturalism and realism
Artist: Diego Velazquez
Patron: King Phillip IV
Name/Date: Las Meninas/1650 CE
Original Location: Madrid
Medium: Oil
Function: Aesthetic purposes.
Context/Content:Velazquez was the painter for the royal court of Spain. This piece depicts Velazquez painting a painting of the painting he is painting in this painting (confusing, I know). Acts as both a self portrait and a way to show his status.
Period: Northern Baroque
ID Aspects: Tenebrism, highly contrasted colors, lots of motion (diagonals), naturalism, realism
Artist: Peter Paul Rubens
Patron: Church of Saint Walburga
Name/Date: The Raising of the Cross/1650 CE
Original Location: Antwerp
Medium: Oil
Function: Altarpiece triptych
Context/Content:Rubens was inspired by many great artists at the time and before him as well. With Caravaggio inspired lighting Michelangelo inspired depiction of anatomy in characters work together to bring forth more emotion while looking at this piece.
Period: Northern Baroque
ID Aspects: genre piece, realistic, tenebrism, dynamic
Artist: Clara Peeters
Patron: unknown
Name/Date: Still Life With Flowers Etc./1650 CE
Original Location: Antwerp
Medium: Oil on Panel
Function: Genre piece for aesthetics
Context/Content: During the Baroque period, still life painting became increasingly popular. Still lifes were good at showing an artist's attempt at showing multiple different textures, colors, and styles at once.
Period: Northern Baroque
ID Aspects: contrasted lighting, genre piece, realistic and naturalistic, asymmetrical/unbalanced
Artist: Jan Vermeer
Patron: Private, unknown
Name/Date: Woman Holding a Balance/1650 CE
Original Location: Dutch Republic
Medium: Oil
Function: Genre piece, aesthetics
Context/Content: Contemporary scene of a woman weighing her jewelry on a scale accompanied by a painting of the Last Judgement on the wall directly behind her. The balance acts a s symbol for the Last Judgement paired with the fact that she is weighing "worldly possessions." The symbolism kind of acts as though she is weighing her own soul.
Period: Rococo & Enlightenment
ID Aspects: pastels, dulled lighting, sensuous, lush greenery overflowing the scene
Artist: Jean-Honore Fragonard
Patron: none
Name/Date: The Swing/1750 CE
Original Location: Paris
Medium: Oil
Function: Historical record
Context/Content: The young man in the bottom left is reaching up the girl who is riding the swing being pushed by the older gentlemen on the right side of the scene. Overflowing greenery is used to depict the budding and flourishing love between the young man and woman. Reflective of the Rococo period because of it's attention to 'beauty' and detailing of love.
Period: Rococo & Enlightenment
ID Aspects: tenebrism, highly contrasted lighting and colors, realistic figures in an everyday scene
Artist: Joseph Wright of Derby
Patron: unknown/none
Name/Date: Philosopher Giving A Lecture/1750 CE
Original Location: Derby
Medium: Oil
Function: Gene and history painting.
Context/Content: The figures are gathered around an orrery which was a device used to show a depiction of the solar system with a candle at center acting as the sun. The use of a single light source shown in the painting itself is a distinction of the Rococo. Good representation of the Industrial Revolution which is going on at the same time.
Period: Neoclassical
ID Aspects: 'larger than life,' statuesque figures, classical architectural features, classical attire, historical painting
Artist: Jacques-Louis David
Patron: unknown/none
Name/Date: Oath of Horatii/1790 CE
Original Location: Paris
Medium: Oil
Function: Narrative
Context/Content: The neoclassical was a time in which artists took a step back and attempted at depicting antiquity to the highest realm of accuracy as possible. This is a scene of warriors taking an oath by their sword. This is supposed to inspire civic pride, responsibility, and patriotism to the viewer.
Period: Romantic
ID Aspects: wide range of movement, color and lighting contrast, contemporary event, realistic
Artist: Theodore Gerincault
Patron: unknown/none
Name/Date: Raft of the "Medusa"/1830 CE
Original Location: Paris
Medium: Oil
Function: Contemporary subject, not history painting
Context/Content: Depiction of an actual event that occurred during the time. Detailing was used to evoke as much emotion as possible form the viewer. Mixture of real and unreal present, brought about during Romanticism.
Period: Romantic
ID Aspects: contrast of light and color, symbolism, realism, naturalism, history painting
Artist: Eugene Delacroix
Patron: unknown/none
Name/Date: Liberty Leading the People/1830 CE
Original Location: Paris
Medium: Oil
Function: Historical painting
Context/Content: Shows the Revolution of 1830 in Paris. Another piece made in order to evoke emotion in the viewer. This would have been used as a propaganda piece in order to bring supporters for the revolution.
Period: Romantic
ID Aspects: landscape, attention to realism, contrasting light and color
Artist: Thomas Cole
Patron: unknown/none
Name/Date: The Oxbow/1830 CE
Original Location: New York
Medium: Oil
Function: Landscape
Context/Content: Landscapes became more accepted during this period. Before this, landscapes were not considered to be a true test of an artist's ability. One of the first artworks form the Hudson River School. American artists depicted landscaped because that acted as their heritage.

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