39 terms

Six Kingdoms

Six Kingdoms
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Terms in this set (...)

Aunt Polly Always Enjoys Pretty Flowers
Mnemonic Phrase to remember "Animal", "Plant", "Archaebacteria", "Eubacteria", "Protists", "Fungi"
3 shapes of bacteria
1. Rod-Like (Twinkie)
2. Spherical or Round (Skittles)
3. Spiral (Curly Fries)
Kingdom of unicellular prokaryotes that live in harsh, extreme environments.
Archaebacteria
Kingdom of unicellular prokaryotes that live everywhere.
Eubacteria
Asexual reproduction in bacteria or protozoans is called this. The offspring are genetically identical to the parent.
Binary Fission
Sexual reproduction in bacteria or protozoans is called this. The offspring are genetically different from the parents.
Conjugation
a new cell formed within a bacteria cell when conditions are not right.
Endospore
Medicine or chemical used to kill bacteria.
Antibiotics
The "Junk Drawer" or "Odds and Ends" Kingdom
Protists
3 types (categories) of Protists. Also name the AKA's.
1. Animal-Like (AKA: Protozoans)
2. Plant-Like (AKA: Algae)
3. Fungi-Like
Autotrophic unicellular protist that can live in colonies
Plant-Like (Algae)
Heterotrophic unicellular protist that can move.
Animal-Like (Protozoans)
4 ways that protozoans can move
1. Flagella (Tail-Like Structure)
2. Cilia (Little Hairs)
3. Pseudopods (False Foot)
4. Symbiosis
A common organism that moves with pseudopods
Amoeba
A common animal-like protist that moves with cilia
Paramecium
A common animal-like protist that moves with flagella
Zooflagellate
Another name for a pseudopod protist
Sarcodine
Heterotrophic Protist that reproduces using spores
Fungi-like
Common fungi-like protists
Slime Mold & Mildew
Multicellular heterotrophic kingdom that reproduces using spores and commonly is a decomposer.
Fungi Kingdom
5 types of Fungi
1. Sac Fungi
2. Club Fungi
3. Zygote Fungi
4. Imperfect Fungi
5. Lichen
Threadlike tubes or filaments that make up the fungi structure.
Hyphae
The part of the fungi that produces the spores
Fruiting Body
The tiny seed-like structures released by fungi that grow into identical fungi organisms.
Spores
When small Yeast cells grow from the body of the parent cell then break off independently.
Budding
Example(s) of Sac Fungi
Yeast, Morels, Truffles
Example(s) of Club Fungi
Mushrooms, Puffballs
Example(s) of Zygote Fungi (grows fuzzy stalks)
Breadmold, Fruit Mold
Example(s) of Imperfect Fungi
Ringworm, Athletes foot
A combination of a fungus and an autotrophic organism that live in a mutualistic symbiotic relationship.
Lichen
Tightly compacted hyphae that form stems and fruiting bodies of fungi.
Mycelium
Another name for Bacteria
Monera(n)
A tail-like structure that some bacteria and protists use for movement.
Flagellum (Flagella)
Little hair-like structures that some protozoans use for movement.
Cilia
A "foot"-like structure (False Foot) that some protozoans use for movement.
Pseudopod
The name given to all protozoans that move with a pseudopod.
Sarcodines
The name given to all protozoans that move with cilia.
Ciliates
The name given to all protozoans that move with flagella.
Flagellates
The name given to all parasitic protozoans.
Sporozoans
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