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Arts and Humanities
Your life in Christ: Foundations of Catholic Morality- chapter 1 directed reading
Terms in this set (45)
The message of this chapter is:
to act like a human being
______________________ is difficult because advertisements, peer pressure, and false beliefs tug at us to conform.
Which of the Canfield's tips to be true to ourselves is described below?
a.) We can control our own lives and reactions.
b.) It is the response to error that counts.
c.) The things that are most worthwhile in life often takes the most effort.
d.) The approval of others does not make us who we are.
e.) It is worth seeking the advice of others when we're having difficulty determining how to do something.
f.) People do pretty much what they want to do, but they still deserve our respect.
g.) Our past does not force us to be a certain way today.
h.) We all must learn to deal with reality as it is, not as we would like it to be.
a.) We are responsible for how we feel and what we do.
b.) It's okay to make mistakes.
c.) It is important to try.
d.) Everyone doesn't have to like us.
e.) We can be flexible.
f.) Other people are okay; so are you.
g.) We are capable and change, the same is true of others.
h.) You don't have to control everything.
God created human beings in his own ____________ and gave them ____________________ over the creatures of the earth. He created them ________ and female and directed them to be _____________ and multiply.
image; dominion; male; fertile
A starting point for morality is to admit that we are _______________ and not _____________.
In what ways are human beings unique?
Humans are the only creatures on earth that God willed for their own sake. God created everything for humans and put us in charge of the rest of creation.
What happens when humans fail to be responsible caretakers of God's good gifts? Give examples.
We have seen this in our own day through the abuse of the environment and over-consumption of the limited goods of the earth.
What godlike qualities do human beings possess?
Human beings are able to think, choose, love, and relate to others in community.
Humans are _______________ beings who possess incomparable ____________, value and worth. We are not just somethings, but ________________.
spiritual; dignity; someones
True or False? No other creature can respond to God in faith and in love except human beings.
Explain what it means to say that males and females are "complementary."
It means "making up for what is lacking in another." God builds interdependence into our very nature, creating man and woman to be helpmates, a communion of persons.
Explain how the union of a male and female in marriage is an intrinsic part of God's creation plan.
Only through the committed and sacramental union of husband and wife in marriage can the natural procreation and education of children take place in a setting that is secure, nurturing, and consistent with God's wise plan.
True or False? Although males and females are both beautiful creatures made by God, God made males superior to females.
Being ________________ creatures draws attention to the fact that humans are ___________________ creatures with both a body and a _________________. The spiritual nature gives us the ability to ______________, make choices, and to _____________.
sexual; composite; soul; think; love
Unlike _____________ which states that there is no meaning to existence, the ________________ account of the human _______________ declares that creation and human existence are ____________.
Nihilism; scriptural; condition; good
What is the point of the second creation account in Genesis Chapter Two?
The second story of creation asserts the fundamental goodness of human beings who were created for friendship with God.
What is the proof of our fundamental goodness?
The proof of our fundamental goodness is that God so loved us that "he gave his only Son, so that everyone who believes in him might not perish but have eternal life." (Jn 3:16).
Why is dignity inherent in human beings? Why is it inviolable? Why is it inalienable?
Dignity is inherent because it is an essential characteristic of being human. It is inviolable because no one has the right to violate or profane it. It is inalienable because it cannot be taken away by anyone.
What value is a cornerstone of Christian ethics?
Respect for human dignity
What behaviors are antithetical to respect?
Respect means never manipulating, humiliating, exploiting, or being violent toward others. We respect others when we refrain from using people as a means to an end, as objects rather than as people.
The CCC (Catechism of the Catholic Church) teaches that it is in ___________ that man has been created in the image and likeness of the Creator. The human ________________ includes our __________________ nature and gives us incomparable dignity.
Christ; soul; spiritual
Our spiritual nature makes us unsatisfied with our _____________________ existence and causes restlessness in the depths of our _____________ because we thirst for an ultimate happiness that only ___________ can quench.
physical; souls; God
God endowed human beings with some awesome capacities. What are these?
God endowed us with intellects, free will, the ability to love, to be responsible, and to grow
True or False? Because human beings can think, we can also search for, and discover, truth.
Free will means we have the ability to _____________ from among alternatives. It enables us to rise above ________________ and environment and to exercise some control over our _________________.
choose; heredity; lives
True or False? Personal sacrifice is not a sign of authentic love.
Why are we accountable for our choices?
We are accountable for our choices because they result in actions that express and determine the goodness or the evil of the person performing them.
True or False? Humans have a capacity to grow both individually and collectively.
True or False? Morality is internal and helps us act in conformity with the universal laws and truth God has established.
True or False? True freedom is the ability to do whatever we want whenever we want to do it.
Explain the principle of subsidiarity in your own words.
Subsidiarity means that a community of a higher order should not interfere in the internal life of a community of a lower order, depriving the latter of its functions. Rather, the community of a higher order should support it in case of need and to help coordinate its activity with the activities of the rest of society, always with a view to the common good.
According to the CCC, the human ____________ should be the subject and object of every society, with the right and duty to ___________________ in that society, guided by _______________ which must be devoted to the common __________ and must exercise power morally.
Person; participate; authority; good
Further; the CCC states that larger societies should support the participation of ________________ without taking over functions they can do for themselves. Societies should promote ______________ and challenge individuals to turn from ___________, serve others justly, and contribute their gifts and ________________.
individuals; virtue; sin; talents
What are two requirements of the common good?
The common good requires that individuals and societies (1) respect the basic inalienable rights of each human being; and (2) promote the social well-being and development of various social groups.
Solidarity is the Christian virtue of social ____________ or friendship. It gives us the spirit of ______________ to share both our _______________ and spiritual gifts with others, especially the __________________ ones.
charity; generosity; material; forgotten
It is part of our social _____________ to live in various ______________ which are bound by a principle of _____________. This is a mirror of the ________________ community of love: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.
nature; societies; unity; perfect
How are we expected to express and live out the vocation to love in our relationships?
Our vocation is to express the love of this diverse community in our own relationships. Our vocation is to treat each other as sisters and brothers, under a common heavenly Father. We should also establish communities that benefit each person, the various societies in which we live, and the whole earth, as well.
In what ways is humanity like an enormous spider web?
This image of the spider web suggests that if we touch the web anywhere, the whole thing trembles. Thus, if we are kind, our loving touch affects the whole human web of relationships for good. One the other hand, if we are indifferent or hostile, our negative attitudes and behaviors will impinge on everyone in a harmful way.
All humans through history have suffered the consequences of the ________________ Sin. We have fallen victim to weakness, cowardice, and ________________ even though we may have the best of intentions. Sin _________________ our communities, often polluting the way societies work, especially harming the __________ and defenseless.
Original; avarice; contaminates; weak
The Good News of salvation is the redeeming person and _____________ of Jesus Christ given to us by God, our loving Father. Jesus is God _____________________. He is love in its most ______________ form as evidenced (as Pope Benedict XVI observes) in contemplating the __________________ Christ.
message; incarnate; radical; crucified
41. What did Jesus gain for us through the Paschal Mystery?
He has delivered us from the clutches of sin and the Evil One. He saved us from death, winning for us eternal life with the Triune God. In short, Jesus gave up his life so that we might live.
How do we become children of God and brothers and sisters to our Lord Jesus?
What is one special way that Christians are enabled to keep in touch with the God-given power within us?
By receiving the Lord himself in Holy Communion
St. Maximilian Kolbe was "a martyr of ___________________" who witnessed to the fact that God can overcome the greatest hatred, injustice, and even death.
True or False? St. Maximilian Kolbe was condemned to death at the Auschwitz death camp after trying to escape from the camp.
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