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us.History chapter 6
Terms in this set (48)
Commitees of Correspondence
caused organized resistance
Boston tea party
A 1773 protest against British taxes in which Boston colonists disguised as Mohawks dumped valuable tea into Boston Harbor.
Tea Act of 1773
Gave the East India Company an unfair business advantage over colonial merchants.
This series of laws were very harsh laws that intended to make Massachusetts pay for its resistance. It also closed down the Boston Harbor until the Massachusetts colonists paid for the ruined tea. Also forced Bostonians to shelter soilders in their own homes.
he was a british general, who replaced Thomas Hutchinson.
A series of laws set up by Parliament to punish Massachusetts for its protests against the British
Extended boundaries of Quebec and granted equal rights to Catholics and recognized legality Catholic Church in the territory; colonists feared this meant that a pope would soon oversee the colonies.
Decleration of American Rights
the station of self government, but still being in obedience to the king
The legislative assembly composed of delegates from the rebel colonies who met during and after the American Revolution
a leader of the American Revolution and a famous orator who spoke out against British rule of the American colonies (1736-1799)
Lexington and Concord
April 8, 1775: Gage leads 700 soldiers to confiscate colonial weapons and arrest Adam, and Hancock; April 19, 1775: 70 armed militia face British at Lexington (shot heard around the world); British retreat to Boston, suffer nearly 300 casualties along the way (concord)
American colonists who were determined to fight the British until American independence was won
American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence
Another name for Loyalists
German soldiers hired by George III to smash Colonial rebellion, proved good in mechanical sense but they were more concerned about money than duty.
patriots led by Ethan Allen surprise an outpost on Lake Champlain and capture cannon for the Americans
A Vermont blacksmith. Led the Green Mountain Boys in a surprise attack on Fort Ticonderoga. Won the Fort, and a valuable supply of cannons and gun powder, and control of a key route into Canada.
Commander of the Continental Army,
(June 17, 1775) Site of a battle early in the Revolutionary War. This battle contested control of two hills (Bunker Hill and Breed's Hill) overlooking Boston Harbor. The British captured the hills after the Americans ran-out of ammunition. "Don't shoot until you see the whites of their eyes!" Battle implied that Americans could fight the British if they had sufficient supplies.
First secretary of war
Olive Branch Petition
On July 8, 1775, the colonies made a final offer of peace to Britain, agreeing to be loyal to the British government if it addressed their grievances (repealed the Coercive Acts, ended the taxation without representation policies). It was rejected by Parliament, which in December 1775 passed the American Prohibitory Act forbidding all further trade with the colonies.
Author of Common Sense
America's first Vice-President and second President. Sponsor of the American Revolution in Massachusetts, and wrote the Massachusetts guarantee that freedom of press "ought not to be restrained."
Author of the Declaration of Independence
Declaration of Independence
the document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain
was a general
1777- where the American troops drove the British all the way back to the environs of New York City. American leader George Washington and British Leader Charles Cornwallis- American troops won this battle
british army general, surrendered in battle of saratoga
Continental Colonel of regular army and some militia. Master of guerilla warfare. Given credit for winning the Battle of Cowpens.
A battle that took place in New York where the Continental Army defeated the British. It proved to be the turning point of the war. This battle ultimately had France to openly support the colonies with military forces in addition to the supplies and money already being sent.
Place where Washington's army spent the winter of 1777-1778, a 4th of troops died here from disease and malnutriton, Steuben comes and trains troops
Battle of Monmouth
a pitched battle in New Jersey during the American Revolution (1778) that ended with the withdrawal of British forces
Geroge Rogers Clark
he was an american leader from the west
victory at this fort in the west gave the Americans control of the Ohio River Valley during the war
Siege of Charleston
Major British victory in American Revolution, 1780. Worst American defeat in the South, hurts American morale
Commanding general of the British forces that were defeated at Yorktown in 1781, ending the American Revolution.
Battle that the Patriots lost to the British in South Carolina, causing their commander to be replaced.
South Carolina militia leader nicknamed the "Swamp Fox" for his hit-and-run attacks on the British during the American Revolution.
one or two individuals take a position on what the problem is, and other members of the group, attempt to knock them off their definitional "mountain"; to succeed in doing so, the challenger must have a better definition of the problem
American general of Rhode Island, helped to turn the tide against Cornwallis and his British army, used geography of land
A small contingent of Greene's forces inflicted a serious blow on Cornwallis' men at this location
Race to the Dan
Greene not only had slipped out of Cornwallis's trap but also had drawn the British far from their supply bases in South Carolina.
the British won but were severely weakened, showed the british could not win the war because no one city or town was the heart of America
Marquis de Lafayette
French soldier who joined General Washington's staff and became a general in the Continental Army.
Surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown
The surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown was the last battle of the Revolutionary War
Treaty of Paris
agreement signed by British and American leaders that stated the United States of America was a free and independent contry
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