35 terms

American Revolution

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French and Indian War
In this war, Great Britain wanted to remain a world power and fought with the French over land in North America.
Stamp Act
A tax to raise money to finance the French and Indian War.
Sources of Colonial Dissatisfaction
1. No representation in Parliament
2. Resented the power of colonial governors.
3. Great Britain wanted strict control of colonial legislatures.
4. Opposed British taxes
5. Proclamation of 1763
Proclamation of 1763
Stopped the colonists from moving west to the Ohio River Valley
European philosophers
The ideas in the Declaration of Independence came from these people.
unalienable rights in the Declaration of Independence
life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
King George III
British king during the Revolutionary War
Lord Cornwallis
British general who surrendered at Yorktown
John Adams
Championed the cause of independence
George Washington
Commander of the Continental Army (American troops)
Thomas Jefferson
major author of the Declaration of Independence
Patrick Henry
Outspoken member of the House of Burgesses who said "Give me liberty or give me death!"
Benjamin Franklin
Member of Continental Congress, helped write the Declaration of Independence, helped gain French support for the Patriots
Phillis Wheatley
This person was an enslaved African American who wrote poems and plays supporting American independence. She eventually gained her freedom.
Paul Revere
Patriot who helped lead the Boston Tea Party and made a daring ride to warn colonists of British arrival
Boston Massacre
Five colonists were shot in front of the Boston Customs House after taunting British soldiers.
Boston Tea Party
Samuel Adams and Paul Revere led patriots in throwing tea into Boston Harbor to protest taxes
First Continental Congress
Delegates from twelve colonies met to discuss problems with Great Britain.
July 4, 1776
the date of approval of the Declaration of Independence
Saratoga
Turning point battle in the war (Americans won)
Yorktown
Battle where Lord Cornwallis surrendered. This was the end of the Revolutionary War.
Treaty of Paris
In this document, Britain recognized American independence.
Lexington and Concord
The first armed conflicts ("first shots") of the Revolutionary War. (1775)
Colonial advantages
1. Defense of their own land and beliefs
2. Support from France
3. Strong leadership (ex: George Washington)
Articles of Confederation
Which document set up a government during the American Revolution?
colonial legislatures
Which groups made laws in each colony?
colonial governors
These people were appointed by the king to watch over each colony.
New England
This colonial region had timber, fishing, shipbuilding, a jagged coastline, and town meetings.
Mid-Atlantic
This colonial region had livestock, grain, market towns, a moderate climate, and a diverse population.
South
This colonial region had plantations, cash crops, counties, and a hot, humid climate.
Parliament
Which group made laws in Great Britain?
Parliament and colonial legislatures
Colonists had to follow laws made by these two groups.
no representation in Parliament
Why did the colonists oppose British taxes?
John Locke
Which European philosopher first expressed many of the ideas in the Declaration of Independence?
France
Which European country helped the Continental Army (Americans)?