Grand Scale reflects the popularity of pilgrimages and of the cult relics, which brought large crowds Plan closely resembles those of the churches of Saint James at Santiago de Compostela and Saint Martin at Tours Design is extremely regular and geometrically precise.
In honor of Milan's first bishop: Saint Ambrose Is the central monument of Lombard Romanesque architecture
Begun by William the Conqueror- buried there 1087 Original design had wooden roof Sexparite vault-divided in 6 sections
Dramatically testifies to the prosperity that busy maritime city enjoyed Free-standing bell-tower Funded by the spoils of a naval victory over the Muslims Incrustations-wall decoration consisting of bright panels of different colors
Christ in Majesty, St. Sernin
Carved lintel over the doorway to the church of Saint-Genis-des-Fontaines Depicts Christ enthroned in a lobed mandorla (glory) supported by angels and flanked by apostles. To the left of Christ- the 1st and last letters of the alphabet to show he is the beginning and the end
Giselbertus, Autun Cathedral Tympanum
Judgment is in progress, announced by four trumpet-blowing angels Large Christ with souls awaiting their fate under him
(nave)A continuous barrel vault supported by columns painted to appear like grained marble covers the nave Structure lacks both tribune gallery and clerestory, but has an absence of a direct light source
Initial R with St. George
Initial letter og the salutation Reverentissimo Opening of Gregory's letter to "the very reverent" Leandro.
Embroidered fabric made of wool sewn on linen. Borders are populated by the kinds of real and imaginary animals found in contemporaneous books, and its pictures are often accompanied by an explanatory Latin text sewn in thread.
Abbey Church of Saint-Denis
St. Dionysis- apostle that brought Christianity to Gaul; died a martyr's death. Housed the saint's tomb. Carolingian basilica Became too small to accommodate the pilgrims
Destroyed by a fire To unite 3 doorways, sculptors carved episodes of Christ's life on the capitals
Chartres Floor Plan
Rectangular nave bays replaced the square bays with six-part vaults and the alternate-support system.
Royal Portal, Chartres
"Royal Portal"- named because of the statue columns of kings and queens flanking its 3 doorways.
Portal Jambs, Chartres
Statues of Old Testament kings and queens decorating the jambs flanking the doorways of the Royal Portal Royal ancestors of Christ and supports the New Testament figures
The High gothic vault had only 4 parts Architect aligned identical; units so that viewers saw them in too rapid a sequence to perceive them as individual volumes of space.
Occupies a picturesque site on an island in the Seine River called the Ile0de-la-Cite. Complicated building history- wasn't completed all at one time; parts were completed after long periods of time. Originally was 4 stories
Concept of self-sustaining skeletal architecture reached full maturity Example of French Gothic obsession with constructing ever taller buildings
Built by Luis IX Served as a respitory for the crown of thorns and other relics of Christ's possession Stained glass covers more than ¾ of the structure
Appear to be completely detatched from background Portrays St. Elizabeth visiting the virgin Mary before the birth of Christ
The Virgin of Paris
• Example of Late French court style • Portrayed as a very worldly queen
Saint Maclou Cathetral
• A masterpiece of Flamboyant style • Church is tiny- only about 75 ft. high and 180 ft. long
• Has a costly gold background and depicts Blanche and Louis enthroned beneath triple-lobed arches and miniature cityscapes
• Embodies the essential characteristics of English Gothic architecture • Completed in 40 years • Height is modest compaired to other structures of the time
King's College Chapel
Death of the Virgin
• A comparison of the Strasbourg Mary on her deathbed with the Mary of the Reims Visitation suggests the the German master has studied the recently installed French jamb statues • 12 Apostles gather around • Mary Magdalene crouches beside the deathbed
Ekkehard and Uta
• Statues are attatched to columns and stand beneath architectural canopies, following the pattern of French Gothic portal statuary
Early Medieval Art; decorated with cloisonne-enamel plaques. 2 center groups rep. eagles attacking ducks, interlace
Animal-head post, from the Oseberg Ship burial
Early Medieval Art; express dynamic energy of northern sea rovers.
Chi-Rho-Iota Page, Book of Kells
Hiberno-Saxon Art; Abbriviation for Christ. first word in latin sentence says "Now this is how the birth of Jesus Christ came about."
Saint Matthew, Lindisfarne Gospels
Hiberno-Saxon Art, compared to scribe ezra from the Codex Amiatinis.
St. Matthew, Ebbo Gospels,
Carolingian Art; Ebbo replaced coronation with an energy that amounts to frenzy and the frail saint almost leaps under its impulse
Crucifixion cover of the Lindau Gospels
Carolingian Art, gold, precious stones, and pearls. Depicts youthful Christ on cross in repousse. Moon and son represent Virgin Mary and st.john
Odo of Metz, restored plan of the Palatine Chapel of Charlemagne
Carolingian Art resembles San Vitale's. Simple plan.
Plan of the Abbey of St. Gall,
Carolingian Art; Schematic plan for a benedictine community. provided a coherent arrangement of all the building. shows modular aspect
St. Michael's at Hildesheim, interior and floorplan
Ottonian Art; shows how the 2 transepts create eastern and western centers of gravity. Nave-hall that connects them. Modular approach. 4 towers/flat ceiling.
Doors of Bishop Bernward, St. Michael
Ottonian Art; colossal- more than 16' high. narrative reliefs- OT stories on left. NT stories on right. Most ambitious bronze process since antiquity.