61 terms

APUSH Chapter 13 Vocabulary

Mr Barberree ch 13
John C. Calhoun
the war hawk who supported the post-War of 1812 tariff but later saw it as a tool to enrich a few Yankee manufacturers
Henry Clay
during Monroe's administration, southern anger and sectional rivalry were softened by the conciliation and compromising of this famous Kentucky political leader
Second Bank of the United States
armed with $35 million in capital and Federalist arguments justifying it, the Jeffersonian-Republicans created this in 1816
John Quincy Adams
the intelligent, experienced, aloof, and puritanical New Englander who won the election of 1824
the first political party to hold a national nominating convention for their presidential candidate in 1831
President John Quincy Adams attempted to intervene on behalf of this Indian tribe in Georgia but was successfully resisted by the state's governor
New Democracy
the term for the Jacksonian change from a system based on property qualifications to one based on manhood suffrage
Specie Circular
in 1836 President Jackson had the Treasury issue a decree that required all public lands be purchased with "hard" or metallic money
Henry Clay
the candidate in the election of 1824 who presided over the House proceedings to elect a president that year
Davy Crockett
the semi-literate Tennessean, a symbol of Jacksonian democracy, who was elected to Congress three times and died in the Alamo in 1836
the name given to Republicans loyal to Jackson in the election of 1828
Robert Hayne
the silver-tongued senator from South Carolina who ably defended his region's interests in Congress during the late 1820s and early 1830s
Andrew Jackson
the presidential candidate who got the most electoral votes and most popular votes in the election of 1824
King Mob
the term conservatives used to describe what they called Jacksonian vulgarity which reminded them of the opening days of the French Revolution
National Republicans
the name given to Republicans loyal to Adams in the election of 1828
the doctrine which sought to justify the right of a state not to obey a federal law within its own borders
John Randolph
the angered Virginian who ended up fighting a duel with Henry Clay after he accused Clay of making a deal with Adams
corrupt bargain
the alleged deal made between Clay and Adams in the election of 1824
rotation in office
the New Democracy supported this practice of letting as many citizens as possible feed at the public trough for at least a short time
South Carolina Exposition
the pamphlet of 1828 that carefully outlined the doctrine of nullification
spoils system
the practice of rewarding political supporters with public office
Tariff of Abominations
the tariff of 1828 which began as a scheme to unseat President Adams but ended by becoming a "bad" law
Martin Van Buren
Jackson's secretary of state who was referred to by his enemies as the "Little Magician"
Denmark Vesey
the free black who led an ominous slave rebellion in Charleston in 1822
West Indies
President John Quincy Adams was unable to get the British to agree to open trade to this rich colony
Americans for the first time witnessed nominating conventions for presidential candidates during this election
Stephen Austin
in 1823 the Mexican government granted a huge tract of land to this man with the understanding that he would bring in 300 American families
Nicholas Biddle
the president of the Bank of the United States who used his position to gain Congressional support for the bank during the Jackson administration
John C. Calhoun
the vice-president of the United States who secretly wrote a pamphlet outlining the doctrine of nullification
Black Hawk
the leader of the Illinois and Wisconsin Indians who resisted eviction in 1832
Force Bill
the bill that Congress passed for President Jackson that authorized the use of the army and navy to collect federal tariff duties
Henry Clay
the author of the American System
King Andrew The First
For ignoring the Supreme Court and often defying or dominating Congress, Andrew Jackson was given this nickname
in 1836 a small Mexican force surrounded and then butchered a small group of American volunteers who had surrendered here
William Henry Harrison
the candidate who defeated Martin Van Buren for the presidency when Van Buren sought his second term
William Crawford
the Georgian who took himself out of the election of 1824 when he suffered a paralytic stroke
the tribe of Florida Indians who tried to escape eviction by fleeing to the Everglades
the trend toward manhood suffrage really began in 1791 when this state was admitted to the Union and had no property requirement
Sam Houston
the leader of the Texans who fought against the Mexican forces at San Jacinto in 1836
Independent Treasury Bill
Van Buren sought to divorce federal funds from politics with this piece of legislation
Andrew Jackson
the winner of the presidential election of 1832
the nickname for the people of South Carolina who favored nullification in 1832
Oklahoma Territory
in the 1830s, most of the Indians in the southeast United States were moved to this "permanent" reservation
Revolution of 1828
the nickname given to the election of 1828 because of its great shift toward the common man
the leader of the Florida Indians who tried to escape eviction by fleeing to the Everglades
Panic of 1837
overspeculation and get-rich-quick schemes led to this financial crisis during the administration of Martin Van Buren
removing federal funds
Jackson tried to cushion the shock of the expiration of the Bank of the United States' charter by doing this
John Quincy Adams
the member of the House who fought for free government, free speech, free soil, and free men and who was affectionately known as "Old Man Eloquent"
Rachel Jackson
the person accused in the presidential election of 1828 of committing bigamy and adultery
Samuel Swartwout
the system under Jackson of giving jobs to political friends led to corruption. This New York customs agent was the first man to steal $1 million from the federal government
the place near San Antonio where 6000 Mexican troops trapped 200 defiant Texans early in 1836
renewing the charter of the Bank of the United States
Henry Clay tried to cause political problems for President Jackson by forcing him to veto this important bill in 1832
San Jacinto
the site for the final battle in which the Texans won their independence from Mexico
Santa Anna
the leader of the Mexican forces at San Jacinto in 1836
Tariff of 1832
the tariff that was supposed to abolish the evils of the "Tariff of Abominations" and quiet southern criticism
Martin Van Buren
the winner of the presidential election of 1836 who won by an electoral vote of 170 to 73
Vetoed the recharter of the Bank of the U.S.
National Republicans thought Jackson would lose the support of wealthy and influential groups in the East if he did this
by 1834 the National Republicans of Henry Clay changed their name to this
Pet Banks
When President Jackson took federal money out of the Bank of the United States, he put the money into smaller banks called _______________
the presidential election year which was the first time a Whig defeated a Democrat
compromise Tariff of 1833
the tariff that averted nullification by South Carolina in the early 1830s