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The History of Environmental Science Topic Review
Terms in this set (15)
Which of the following statements about agricultural societies is true?
agricultural societies had a higher population than hunter-gatherer societies.
Which of the following poses the greatest risk for species extinction?
expansion of human cities
An individual who interprets laws related to the environment most likely works in which field?
Observation of tool-making among chimpanzees was revolutionary primarily because scientists believed _______.
tool-making was a defining characteristic of humans
Environmental engineers minimize the impact of land development on the environment
Every fall, clusters of hundreds of Danaus plexippus, or Monarch butterflies, migrate into Mexico. The traveling group of D. plexippus is one example of a(n) _______.
Environmental scientists are unconcerned with methods to preserve natural resources.
Most animals are producers, meaning they are able to create their own food from inorganic resources.
Which of the following is likely to be researched by an ecologist?
the effect of species loss on the environment
Describe the job of an environmental scientist.
The main job of an environmental scientist is to identify and address pollution and environmental problems. They monitor the air, water, and soil to help make sure it is all safe and clean.
How did DDT nearly drive the Peregrine Falcon to extinction in the 1950s and 60s?
Describe how human impact on the environment can be positive or negative.
Humans may have a negative impact on the environment by overusing resources and depleting habitat space. Humans may also save dying species and have made some positive contributions to ecosystems.
Which type of environmental scientist is likely to study the effects of chemical spills on the environment?
Every year _______ species go extinct.
How are the careers of an oceanographer and hydrologist similar? How are they different?
Both the hydrologist and oceanographer are concerned with water pollution and decontamination. The oceanographer will study all aspects of marine life, not just the water. Hydrologists, on the other hand, are concerned only with water and how availability of water and use of water impact the environment.
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