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Rhetoric of Pop Culture Final Exam Review
Terms in this set (47)
Disney (Fantasy Creation)
Disney suggests to children a fantasy that they will live happily ever after, and that if you are a women you need a man to come save you. Also, suggesting how you are supposed to look (body archetype, big eyes, tiny waist, and tall).
Disney (fantasy Creation example)
If you get married you will live happily ever after and thus have no more problems, which is typically false.
Ex: Women should have the same qualities as a Disney princess.
Disney (Gender roles women)
presents to young girls to think they should be a damsel in distress.
Disney (Gender roles men)
suggests that men should be strong, brave, and find a women and save them and have a lot of money. (power dynamic that men are superior and women are inferior).
Ex: Aladdin, thinks he needs a lot of money for Jasmine to consider him affectionately.
Disney (Body archetypes)
suggests to young girls that you use your body to get what you want.
Ex: In Aladdin, when Jasmine tries to seduce Jafar with her body, or In the Little Mermaid, When Ariel wants to look like normal girl and gives up her voice so that her prince will love her.
Disney (Behavioral norms Women)
That women are supposed to cook and clean, and be the damsel in distress.
Disney (Behavioral norms men)
That men are supposed to be a hero, be strong and make sure they save the women correctly, unlike Shrek did with Fiona.
Disney (Ethnic Stereotypes)
African Americans: birds in Dumbo; Jim Crow. The Jungle Book, monkeys.
Hispanic: Chiwawas, or always involved in criminal activities.
Asian: Siemeize cats in Lady and the Tramp, their squinty eyes, being devias, and buck toothed (drawn in a burlesque way).
Native Americans: Peter pan (making fun of them).
With the movies an T.V. shows, the kind of messages they send to children.
Disney is one of he 6 or 7 corporations that control the media and thus allows them to shape children's imaginations.
Disney has monopolized the way we view it.
The process by which we push groups of people to the fringes by rejecting them.
Ex: nerds or geeks; Native Americans; African Americans; Feminists.
Marginalization Techniques (Humor)
Its the jokes we choose to laugh at or find humorous says a lot about our culture.
Ex: Blonde jokes.
Marginalization Techniques (Burlesque)
Where we take readily observable elements and push them to the extreme.
Ex: Cameron from Modern Family; Jack from Will & Grace; or the Tsarnaev brothers.
Marginalization Techniques (Vilification)
Turning someone into a villian.
Ex: gay men (people view hem as a threat); mentally ill, constantly portraying them as scary or harmful.
Marginalization Techniques (Structural)
Marginalizing by rules, laws, or regulations.
Ex: counter cultures, movie ratings, or the saying don't ask don't tell/ rule or regulation.
Marginalization Techniques (Geographic)
Start to associate those areas with those people.
Ex: Native Americans being put on reservations.
Marginalization Techniques (Socio-economic)
Class that are lower social class are marginalized; poverty excludes people from participating in the mainstream.
Ex: the idea of income quality, or someone who doesn't have high income are excluded from expensive things or ventures.
Marginalization Techniques (Omission)
Leaving out a group of people entirely.
Ex: civil rights movement. Marginalize people; Bernie Sanders.
Consequences of Marginalization
You make stereotypical assumptions about people that affects other people in their everyday life.
Movement Theory (Sources)
Feminist, Civil rights, environmental, social movements.
Ex: Social movements; arise out of a collective dissatisfaction. The source of the movement defines the rhetoric of this movement.
The feeling that compared to other people/groups/ we don't have the same rights, privileges/ etc. Compare ourselves to people around us, relative to everybody else i may have been deprived from.
Ex: Women's Suffrage.
The feeling that someone or some group is intentionally persecuting us and keeping us from attaining the rights/privileges/ etc, that we are due. Someone is oppressing you or someone is keeping you from something.
Ex: Black rights matter movement.
Movement Theory (Manifestations)
The ways it shows up/ sources of movement.
Assertiveness V. Aggression
Assertiveness = Martin Luther King (more assertive).
Aggression = Malcom X (responds more aggressively).
A person who believes in the political, economic, and social equality of the sexes.
1st Wave Feminism
Begins in the 19th Century (late 1800s and early 1900s).
Ex: Susan B. Anthony
1st Wave Feminism (Key issues)
Abolition; women's suffrage, getting a job and being allowed to work (regarded as women's jobs).
2nd Wave Feminism
Begins in the 1960s
Ex: Betty Freidan (Feminine Mystique).
2nd Wave Feminism (key issues)
Equal pay and equal work.
3rd Wave Feminism
Stiletto feminism- I can be whatever I want. Sexy and feminism are not contradictory.
Ex: Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Emma Watson.
The second wave doesn't think the first wave went far enough, and that the third wave didn't take advantage of their rights. Causes tension between the second and third wave.
1st wave (where does it show up in pop culture); T.V. shows?
Consequences of Feminism
Being marginalized in the media.
"Further off the Straight & Narrow"
Techniques used: primary marginalizing.
LGBT Portrayals (Lesbian)
Overly sexualizing, or bear like masculine
Ex: Orange is the New Black.
LGBT Portrayals (Gay)
Burlesque and vilification.
Ex: Jack from Will & Grace.
LGBT Portrayals (Bisexual)
Men and Women.
Ex: the Real world (M.T.V.)
LGBT Portrayals (Transgender)
Pre op or post op (surgery)
Ex: Caitlyn Jenner
LGBT Portrayals (Queer)
Non-conforming to the hetero-normal world view.
Ex: 2/3 of college kids don't identify as hetero-sexual (polyamers relationship).
LGBT Portrayals (Inter-sex)
Ex: faking it on M.T.V.
LGBT Portrayals (Asexual)
no desire for sex in any shape or form.
Ex: Sheldon on the Big Bang Theory.
LGBT Portrayals Consequences
Ghettoization- paid cable
Ex: HBO, CW
Pronouns- Sensitive because if you don't refer to someone as the gender they identify themselves with, it gives the idea that you are rejecting them.
"Reel Bad Arabs" (Techniques used)
Vilification- Arabs are painted as evil or vilians
Ex: In Aladdin, with the opening scene/ song.
Burlesque- In "Reel Bad Arabs", one of the actors/ comedians said that the director asked him to be more like your people with an angry/ aggressive expression, suggesting all Arabs are like that.
"Reel Bad Arabs" (Framing)
The way the media sees things, colors our perception of those things.
Ex: Tsarnaev brother, characteristics (nose, skin color, eyebrows); portraying them as Islamic terrorists.
Sammuel Dubose- the pictures they used in the media showed the cop in his uniform as a good person, and showed Sammuel as looking mad and criminal-like with the photo they used for him.
Freddy Grey- When they brought up that he was the son of a heroin addict, pointing out that he must of been bad.
How the Tsarnaev brothers were drawn on the cover of the week. Their Characteristics (nose, skin color, eye brows); drew them with the characteristics of Islamic terrorists, using the technique of Burlesque.
"assumed" that it had to be a terrorist (Arab), and it ended up being a white man, still made excuses for him, because the stereotype that white people don't do things like that.
Confirms what they already want to believe, and reinforces what they want to believe.
Allowed us to vilify and marginalize the Japanese.
Ex: Bug's Bunny, that the Japanese are more alike than a photographer print maker, or that they only eat rice.
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