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Society the basics, note for chapter 3
Terms in this set (46)
Which of the following statements linking nature and nurture is correct?
For human beings, nurture is our nature.
Jean Piaget's focus was on:
cognition: how people think and understand.
All of the following are reasons the family is important to the socialization process EXCEPT:
family learning is intentional
A student copies the styles and slang of a group she longs to be part of. This illustrates:
In historical perspective, the power of the mass media in the socialization process has:
increased over time.
Socialization takes place
throughout our lives.
The purpose of a total institution is
What is the sociologically significant about the case of Anna?
Her case shows the effect of minimal human contact.
What is the lifelong social experience by which individuals develop human potential and learn culture?
What is the term for a person's fairly consistent pattern of acting, thinking, and feeling?
Your theory is that human behaviour results from nature, not nurture. Your theoretical position is the fundamental opposite of:
In the nature-versus-nurture debate, most social scientist believe that:
nurture is far more important than nature.
What did the experiments on social isolation among rhesus monkeys show?
Adult physical affection is vital for normal development.
Comparing the case of Anna with the results of Harlow's research on rhesus monkeys, a reasonable conclusion would be:
long-term social isolation will lead to permanent developmental damage in both species.
Taken together, the cases of Anna and Genie provided strong evidence that:
social experience has a crucial role in forming personality.
Jean Piaget focused on:
cognition: how people think and understand.
Kohlberg's study of moral development was criticized because:
his research subjects were all males; therefore, his findings cannot be generalized to both sexes.
According to Gilligan, which of the following is true with respect to moral reasoning?
males rely more on formal rules when defining right and wrong
You have been called upon to discuss social behaviourism. To which sociologist would you turn to prepare your discussion?
George Herbert Mead
The "self" is:
that part of an individual's personality composed of self-awareness and self-image.
As a proponent of Mead's approach, you would argue that the "self" stems from:
What would George Herbert Mead say about the case of Anna?
Anna's lack of socialization inhibited her development of the self.
Mead's concept of taking the role of the other refers to:
imagining the situation from another person's point of view.
When Cooley used the term, "the looking-glass self," he was referring to the fact that:
people see themselves as they believe others see them.
Children model themselves after key people in their lives, such as parents. Mead referred to these people as:
According to Mead, what is the correct order of stages in the development of the self?
imitation, play, game, generalized other
Mead used the term ______ to describe the widespread cultural norms and values which we use as a reference in evaluating ourselves.
If you wished to initiate the most effective resocialization of a whole country, upon which socialization agent should you focus attention?
School children learning about competition and cooperation while taking part in a spelling bee and playing sports are examples of:
the hidden curriculum.
According to the text's discussion, schooling
perpetuates differences between boys and girls.
What characteristics define the peer group?
similar interests, social position, and age
Which of the following is FALSE regarding peer groups?
During adolescence, parental influence on children is minimal.
You are interested in learning all about universities, because you want to become a professor someday. In what process are you engaging?
Which of the following is FALSE regarding the mass media?
The media has decreased our exposure to diverse cultures.
Which of the following statements about the life course is FALSE?
Life stages result from social forces in some cultures, and from biological forces in others.
According to the sociological perspective, life course stages:
are linked to biology but the life course is largely a social construction.
What is the term for a category of people with a common characteristic, usually their age?
______ is a process of radically changing the personality through carefully controlling the environment.
The purpose of the total institution is:
resocialization to alter the personality.
Which of the following describes the resocialization process?
It involves removing the old identity and then building a new self.
A person who has lost the capacity for independent living is referred to as:
Define socialization and personality, and how social experience affects them.
Socialization: lifelong social experience by which individuals develop human potential and learn culture.
Personality: a person's fairly consistent pattern of acting, thinking, and feeling. Social experience can affect socialization and personality of an individual by having the individual develop through his/her experiences interacting with society and develop their human potential.
Explain social isolation and how it affects development. Refer to the specific case studies of social isolation in this chapter.
Social isolation: the study of socialization, mainly the study of isolated people and their interaction with a lack of any interaction and how they developed. The study case of Anna is a prime example of this.
What is the sociological perspective on the "nature/nurture" debate?
it is that the idea of human behaviour being pure instinct turned out to be false thanks to social isolation cases and racial factors and the idea of human behaviour being learned is much more widely accepted today.
Describe the contributions of George Herbert Mead and his explanation of the various aspects of the social self.
he created the idea of the social self. The self is the part of an individual's personality composed of self-awareness and self-image. Created through social interaction and experience.
What are the four agents of socialization, and explain their effects on individuals and on society as a whole.
Family: cares for the infant, helps create social identity, encouraged to follow footsteps and creates leisure activities. May be the most important agent of socialization.
Schooling: enlarges the child's social world. Allows interaction with children their own age. Shows gender roles and teaches children about the world and social norms.
peer groups: social group whose members have interests, social position and age in common.
Mass media: means for delivering impersonal communication to a vast audience.
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