THE PEARL 1-3
Terms in this set (29)
Who were the three main characters described in Chapter 1
The three main characters introduced in Chapter 1 are Kino, his wife Juana, and the doctor, who is unnamed.
Songs and music are usually very important in cultures where people cannot read or write. Why?
In cultures where people are illiterate (cannot read or write), songs and music have great importance as a means of communication. The people's history and culture can be passed along in song even though they have not been written down.
When does Steinbeck use the Song of the Family? When is the Song of Evil or Song of the Enemy used? (Hint: foreshadowing clues)
Kino hears the Song of the Family when he is in or near his brush house, and when he, Juana and the baby are together and content. He hears the Song of Evil when he is near anything that threatens his family: the scorpion, the doctor, etc.
What is the first "song" that Kino hears in the morning?
The first song Kino hears in the morning is the Song of the Family.
What happens to Coyotito?
Coyotito gets stung by a scorpion as he is lying in his cradle.
What does Juana mutter to herself to guard against the evil of the scorpion?
Juana mutters "an ancient, magic to guard against such evil," as well as a Hail Mary.
What unusual person does Juana ask for? Why is it an unusual request?
Juana asks for the doctor when Coyotito is stung. It is an unusual request because the doctor does not usually treat Kino's/Juana's people, since they have no money to pay him.
What kind of people are the four beggars who wait in the front of the church?
The four beggars in front of the church are described as "great experts in financial analysis" and "students" of people's expressions. Since everyone in the town ends up going to church for one reason or another, the beggars know about everyone just by being there and watching the people come and go
What is Kino and Juana's religion?
They are Catholic, but they also seem to have faith in the ancient religion of their people. They pray to God and to the gods, and they are somewhat superstitious.
What do the neighbors do when the family sets off for the doctor's house? Describe the procession.
Juan Tomas, Apolonia, and the neighbors follow Kino and Juana when they take the baby into town. The beggars from the church join them. Nobody thinks the doctor will help cure the baby.
Write the quotation that shows that the doctor thinks of Indians as animals.
"Have I nothing better to do than cure insect bites for 'little Indians'? I am a doctor, not a veterinary."
What adjectives would you use to describe the doctor?
He is mean, greedy, selfish, discontented (unhappy), and uncaring.
Why doesn't the doctor treat Coyotito?
He refuses to treat Coyotito because Kino has no money.
What does Kino do to show his anger?
He slams his fist into the heavy gate of the doctor's home, splitting his knuckles.
How do Kino and Juana earn a living?
Kino is a pearl diver. He dives for pearls, as his father and grandfather before him did.
What does Kino find?
He finds a huge pearl, the greatest anyone has ever seen.
How do Juana and Kino react to Kino's discovery?
Juana gasps and stares at the pearl; Kino holds it in his fist, howling and screaming.
Describe how news travels in the small town.
The town is described as having its own nervous system, and news seems to spread faster than people can carry it. "How news travels through a town is a mystery not easily to be solved."
When the priest hears of Kino's discovery, what does he think?
He thinks of repairs that need to be made around the church, and he wonders if he married Kino and Juana or baptized their baby. He is thinking about getting some of the money Kino will get from the pearl.
Why is the pearl called the Pearl of the World?
The people call it the Pearl of the World because of its size and beauty. There is not another one like it in the world. It also symbolizes the world because it contains possibilities for both good and evil.
What are Kino's dreams? Name some of the things he would like to do with the money from the pearl. How does Kino's personality change as soon as he has made plans for the future?
First, Kino wants to legally marry Juana, which he has never done because it cost money and he had none. He also wants to get new clothes for himself, his wife and their child. Then he dreams of a formal education for Coyotito, so that he can help protect their people from being cheated. Next he thinks about buying a new harpoon to replace the one that he lost.
Kino's character begins to change when he says that he would like to buy a rifle. It is something he never would have dreamed of before, and he doesn't seem to have any need for one. Once he has made these plans, he has to defend them, and his personality starts to harden.
Why does the priest visit Kino and Juana?
He has heard about the pearl, and he goes to remind Kino that his good luck came from God. He wants to know what Kino plans to do with the money.
Why does the music of evil sound in Kino's ears when the priest visits them?
Kino doesn't know who has brought in the Song of Evil, and he looks around at all his neighbors. He doesn't realize that the priest has only come to visit them only so that he, too, can get some of the money from the pearl.
Why do Kino's knuckles burn when the doctor visits them?
The burning of his knuckles signals the return of all the anger and frustration Kino felt when he smashed his fist into the doctor's locked gate.
Do you think the doctor is telling the truth about Coyotito's illness? Why?
First, Coyotito already seems to be better, and it doesn't make sense that the poison would come back. Next, we know that the doctor is lying about having been away when Kino brought the baby that day, and we know he is lying when he says he hadn't heard about the pearl. Finally, Steinbeck tells us that the doctor tries to impress Kino by flashing his black medical bag, and that all the neighbors can see through the doctor's lies.
What conflict forces Kino to allow the doctor to treat Coyotito
Since he is uneducated and ignorant of medicine, he doesn't know if the doctor is telling the truth about the poison returning. Kino can't take a chance with his son's life; he has to let the doctor treat Coyotito.
After the doctor has given the baby powder, Steinbeck comments on a school of fish that slaughters smaller fish and night hawks that hurt little mice. What does he do this? What does it mean?
The more powerful white men in town are always taking advantage of Kino's people. Steinbeck uses these images of predators and prey to reflect the idea of the doctor, the priest and others as predators, and Kino as the prey.
How does the discovery cause Kino to become "every man's enemy"?
Before he found the pearl, Kino had nothing that other people would want. Now he has something of great value, something that everyone envies and would like to have. Because he is the one who owns it, he is the only thing standing between people and the pearl. They start to think of him as an enemy for having something they want.
Kino's friends realize that all future time will date from the discovery of the pearl. What two possibilities do they see in Kino's dreams and plans?
Either Kino's plans and dreams for the future will come true, and they will say, "We were there when Kino made these plans," or they will not come true, and the people will say, "We were there when he lost his mind and made all these crazy plans."