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chapter 5 drivers ed
Terms in this set (31)
To reduce your chances of being involved in an accident a driver must know and use what formula?
the standard crash prevention formula
Emotions can greatly affect a motorist's ability to drive. If a motorist is angry or excited, he/she should do what?
take time to cool off
What are 5 unlawful driving actions that would be a sign of an aggressive driver?
~unexpectedly altering the speed of a vehicle ~making improper and erratic traffic lane changes ~ disregarding traffic control devices
~failing to yield the right of way
~following another vehicle too closely
What are 3 actions that can lead to distracted driving?
eating while driving, using a cellular phone or any other electronic devices and adjusting the radio or cd player
To avoid "highway hypnosis" when driving, it is good practice to do what?
rest every 2 hours
What are 4 ways to "talk" or communicate with other drivers on the road?
turn signals, eye contact, tapping the horn and a quick flip of the headlights at night
It is a good practice to keep a safe distance in order to what?
so the driver has plenty of time to react to emergencies
Although there is no perfect rule for following distance, the rule of thumb most often used is to keep where?
about 20 feet away from the back of the car for each 10 miles of speed
The three-seconds-plus rule can be used at any speed to help you with what?
to determine safe distance
On snow covered roads, or during bad weather, a good rule is to maintain a following distance of how many seconds?
3 seconds plus rule
If a motorist is passing you, you should do what?
slow down to allow the passing motorist ahead and to return the speed limit once they are at safe driving distance
During rainfall, when are road surfaces most slippery?
first few minutes of rainfall
After driving through a deep puddle, a motorist should immediately do what?
motorist should pass the brakes by pumping them
Driving at a speed of 35 mph or more on wet road surfaces, can cause what dangerous condition?
driver losing control of their vehicle
To avoid hydroplaning and losing control of the vehicle on a wet road surfaces, what 3 things should you do?
1. don't drive on bald or badly worn tires
2.slow down when heavy rain
3. standing water or slush is present
All snow and ice must be removed from the entire vehicle. What does NJ law state in regards to removing snow and ice from your vehicle?
must be removed
Between what dates can studded snow tires be used in NJ?
November 15th and April 1st
Motorists are prohibited from allowing their motor vehicles to idle for more than how many minutes?
3 consecutive minutes
When driving at night, be sure that you can stop...
within the distance you see ahead
In city driving, a motorist should always look how many seconds ahead?
Why should a motorist be more cautious when traveling in farm country or in open land?
where livestock or deer may cross the road
What color are road work or construction signs?
yellow and orange - diamonds- warning sign
In NJ, what happens to fines for motor vehicle violations committed in the area of roadway construction zones?
traffic fines are doubled
To avoid a spin, while in a skid, what should the motorist do?
should turn into the direction the rear of the vehicle is skidding, without over steering
If your wheels drift onto the dirt shoulder of the road and you want to return to the paved road, what should a motorist do?
slow down, regain control and turn slowly onto the road
If your brakes suddenly give out, what is the first thing a motorist should try to do?
shift to a lower gear and pump the brake pedal fast and hard several times
If you have a flat tire or blowout, what should a motorist do?
hold the steering wheel firmly and keep the vehicle straight while gradually slowing down
If the gas pedal sticks, before calling for help, you should keep your eyes on the road and quickly do what?
the motorist should keep his/her eyes on the road while quickly shifting to neutral
What should the motorist do if the windshield wipers stop suddenly during rain or snow?
slow down, pull to a safe area off the roadway and turn on emergency flashers
If a motorist witnesses or is involved in a collision, what tips should the motorist follow in order to help protect everyone involved?
1.stop the vehicle
2. remain calm
3. assume the worst and get help
4. wait at the scene, but try not to block traffic
5. ask for assistance from passing motorists, bikers or joggers
6. depending on the location of the crash - local road, highway or in a busy city intersection - warn oncoming traffic
Whenever there is a collision where there is injury, death, or vehicle or property damage, NJ law requires motorists to notify who?
the police or ambulance
Recommended textbook explanations
Pearson Drive Right Student Edition
Elizabeth A. Weaver, Frederik R. Mottola, Owen Crabb, Randall R. Thiel
Introduction to Logic Design
Alan B. Marcovitz
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