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27 terms

Chapter 5 & 6 Vocabulary

Vocabulary Terms for our upcoming test...
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James Madison
Father of the Constitution
Three-Fifths Compromise
Agreement to count slaves as 60% of a person when it came to representation in Congress
Great Compromise
Compromise made by Constitutional Convention in which states would have equal representation in one house of the legislature and representation based on population in the other house
republic
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
checks and balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
legislative branch
the branch of government that makes the laws.
executive branch
the branch of government that carries out laws
judicial branch
The branch of government that interprets laws
Federalists
supporters of the stronger central govt. who advocated the ratification of the new constitution
Antifederalists
opponents of a strong central government who campaigned against the ratification of the Constitution in favor of a confederation of independant states
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
Land Ordinance of 1785
A law that divided much of the United States into a system of townships to facilitate the sale of land to settlers.
"The Federalist Papers"
Series of newspaper articles written by John Hay, James Madison and Alexander Hamilton which enumerated arguments in favor of the Constitution and refuted the arguments of the anti-federalists
delegated powers
Powers specifically given to the federal government by the US Constitution, for example, the authority to print money.
strict construction
way of interpreting the Constitution that allows the federal government to take only those actions the Constitution specifically says it can take
loose construction
belief that the government can do anything that the constitution does not prohibit
cabinet
a group of advisors to the president
Judiciary Act of 1789
Congress passed this Act which created the federal-court system.
sectionalism
loyalty to one's own region of the country, rather than to the nation as a whole
nullification
the states'-rights doctrine that a state can refuse to recognize or to enforce a federal law passed by the United States Congress
Tecumseh
a famous chief of the Shawnee who tried to unite Indian tribes against the increasing white settlement (1768-1813)
Judicial Review
the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national governments unconstitutional
Aaron Burr
United States politician who served as Vice President under Jefferson
Little Turtle
Chief of the Miami who led a Native American alliance that raided U.S. settlements in the Northwest Territory. He was defeated and forced to sign the Treaty of Greenville. Later, he became an advocate for peace
Treaty of Ghent
treaty that ended the war of 1812
Andrew Jackson
7th president of the US; successfully defended New Orleans from the British in 1815; expanded the power of the presidency
Impressment
British practice of taking American sailors and forcing them into military service