Terms in this set (20)
One who believes in God, but believes God not intervene in the universe
An agreement between the people and their government signifying their consent to be governed
believed that people are born selfish and need a strong central authority
English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contract" in which government powers are derived from the consent of the governed and in which the government serves the people;
Idea that government should play as small a role as possible in economic affairs.
Scottish Economist, wrote The Wealth of Nations, identified 3 natural laws of economics
believed people have natural rights to life, liberty and property.
What three natural economic laws were identified?
Supply and Demand, Law of Competition, Law of Self Interest
Law of Competition
competition forces people to make a better product, manufacturers also compete to out price each other
law of self-interest
everybody cares about themselves the most, consumers buy what is best for them, and producers only want to increase profits
supply and demand
an economic concept that states that the price of a good rises and falls depending on how many people want it (demand) and depending on how much of the good is available (supply)
British feminist of the eighteenth century who argued for women's equality with men, even in voting, in her 1792 "Vindication of the Rights of Women."
French political philosopher who advocated the separation of powers
Checks and Balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
Separation of Powers
the division of power among various branches of government
believed people in their natural state were basically good but that they were corrupted by the evils of society
french philosopher who believed in the idea of a social contract in which the power of government is in the hands of the people and that the government should be overthrown if if they did not follow the general will
the will of the people as a whole or majority
French philosopher. He believed in individual rights and liberties such as speech, press, religion
Published work of many philosophers in his Encyclopedia. He hoped it would help people think more rationally and critically.