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PE 10 Vocabulary
Terms in this set (71)
BMI (Body Mass Index)
Measure of body fat based on height, weight, age and gender.
Technique where you combine two exercises with little to no rest in between the two exercises
Technique in which you perform and exercise to failure immediately followed by dropping the weight and performing an additional set
Technique of arranging sets and reps in which you start out at a lower weight and increase the weight throughout the sets while decreasing your reps.
Technique where you combine three or more exercises with little to no rest in between the two exercises
Is the maximum amount of oxygen that an individual can utilize during intense exercise. It is calculated by using the formula 220-age.
Target Heart Rate Zones
Training zone 65%-85% of maximum heart rate.
Fat burning zone 50-65% of maximum heart rate.
When you are unable to complete another repetition with good form.
The process by which your body converts what you eat and drink into energy. Your individual metabolism is determined by many factors, including your weight and body composition, your sex, and your age.
Anything that nourishes the human body. It can be broken into protein, carbohydrates and fats.
Workout Out of the Day
As Many Rounds As Possible in the allotted time frame.
Exercises or drills used in sport-specific training to enhance power and performance.
Ability to be quick
Exercises that use a 6 to 12 inch hurdles to build foot eye coordination.
Training technique in which you perform 8 rounds of 20sec of work at maximum effort and 10 sec of rest.
Training technique that involves moving from one exercise to another, each exercise working a different muscle group until each muscle has been worked.
Using your senses to determine and direct the movement of your limbs and head.
The amount of time it takes to respond to a stimulus.
Is the ability of the heart, lungs and blood vessels to deliver oxygen to your body tissues
When your body reaches 104 degrees F or higher. Most severe and life threatening.
When the body shows signs of cool moist skin with goose bumps when in the heat, heavy sweating, faintness, dizziness, fatigue, weak rapid pulse, nausea and headache. Medium degree of severity.
Painful involuntary muscle spasms that typically occur during heavy exercise or hot environments. Least severe.
A condition caused by the excessive loss of water from the body.
Consistent and continuous speed in walking, running, or moving.
Are the muscle(s) that control the movement you are performing. Simply put, it's the muscle intended and targeted during a said exercise.
Are the muscles that assist the primary muscles to complete an exercise.
A substance found in foods (such as meat, milk, eggs, nuts and beans).
A substance found in foods (such as bread, rice, and potatoes) that provide your body with heat and energy.
Fats that are normally solid at room temperature. Most come from animal sources such as beef, poultry, whole-fat milk, cheese and butter. These types of fat raise levels of both total blood cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein, or "bad" cholesterol. Low-density lipoprotein is associated with an increased risk for developing cardiovascular disease.
A chemical reaction that occurs during intense physical activity which causes a burning sensation in your muscles.
Is a physical exercise intense enough to cause lactic acid to form. Is often used to train strength, speed and power.
Refers to the use of oxygen to adequately meet energy demands during exercise.
Exercises that involve more than one muscle group.
Exercises that isolate a muscle group.
A weight that is not attached to an apparatus.
A movement or development toward a more advanced state, especially gradually or in stages.
To adapt to a new climate, place, or situation.
A lifestyle that contributes to your physical, mental and social wellbeing which includes regular exercise and physical activity.
Understand movement concepts, principles, strategies, and tactics as they apply to the learning and performance of physical activities.
A routine in which momentum and movement are used to stretch the body. The end position of the stretch is not held.
Conditions and practices that help to maintain cleanliness.
A person's ability to exercise continuously for extended periods without tiring.
Extreme tiredness, typically resulting from mental or physical exertion or illness.
Use motor skills and movement patterns to perform a variety of physical activities.
When a greater than normal stress has been placed on the body or muscles. In order for the body or muscles to adapt to change, it will increase and/or grow in strength.
The tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power.
Knowing ways to achieve and maintain a health-enhancing level of fitness.
The number of times you perform an exercise.
Rubber bands that uses tension to build muscular strength.
A group of repetitions.
A stretch that is held in a challenging but comfortable position for at least 10 seconds. The most common form of stretching.
The quality or state of being strong.
Preparing for physical exertion.
Basic Body Weight Exercises
Lower Body- Squats, Lunges
Core- Sit Ups, Crunches
Upper Body- Push Ups, Wide Push Ups
The number of times you exercise in a given period of time. For example, five days a week.
The amount of physical power that the body uses when performing an exercise or an activity.
Come primarily from plant foods, such as nuts and seeds, and are liquid at room temperature. Examples include vegetable oils such as olive, peanut, sunflower, soybean and corn. These types of fat do not raise blood cholesterol or low-density lipoprotein levels and are considered good for you.
A shortage in the amount of calories consumed relative to the amount of calories burned daily.
Cardiovascular Disease or Heart Disease
The process in which plaque builds up in the walls of the arteries. Leading to heart attack, stroke and heart failure. Leading cause of death in the U.S. roughly 1 out of 4 deaths are heart disease related.
Strength training that uses a system of ropes and webbing to allow users to work against their own body weight to focus on pulling workouts, core training and unilateral training.
Medicine Ball Training
Is a weighted ball used for rehabilitation, strength training and plyometric training
Time Under Tension
Referring to how long a muscle is under strain or resisting the weight during each set.
Heavy ropes used in a waving, slamming or whipping motion to challenge the users various muscle groups. It is often used in circuit training, High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) and it also incorporates the time under tension principle.
A training tool used to enhance body weight workouts. This is done by challenging the user to activate their stabilizer muscles throughout the rep.
Alternating bursts of intense activity with intervals of lighter activity.
The fallacy that fat can be targeted for reduction from a specific area of the body and that it can be achieved through exercise of specific muscles in the desired area.
An inflatable ball used to modify or enhance exercises through the use of stability.
Is a program of weight training that divides training sessions by body regions.
Exercises which involve training the body for activities performed in daily life.
A weight used in weightlifting that is not attached to a machine such as a barbell, dumbbell or kettlebell.
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