Terms in this set (51)
Land-based trade routes that linked eurasia
term used to describe the routes of the trans-Saharan trade in Africa
Long-distance trade generated change between 500 and 1500 c.e. because
it motivated the creation of states in various regions of the world.. it affected the day-to-day working lives of many people. it became the vehicle for the spread of ideas and diseases.
A Malay kingdom that dominated the straits of Malacca between 670 and 1025 ce. Noted for its creation of native/indian hybrid culture
trans-saharan slave trade
A fairly small-scale trade that developed in the 12th century with west African slaves captured in raids being exported across the Sahara for sale mostly as household servants in Islamic North Africa
An East African civilization that emerged from blending of Bantu and Islamic and other Indian Ocean trade elements
indian ocean trading network
The world's largest sea-based system of comunication and exchange before 1500 C.E., Indian Ocean commerce stretched from southern China to eastern Africa and included not only the exchange of luxury and bulk goods but also the exchange of ideas and crops.
Ghana, Mali, Songhay
A series of important states that developed in western and central Sudan in the period 500 - 1600 CE in response to the economic opportunities of trans-Saharan trade
The largest Buddhist monument ever built, Borobudur is a mountainous ten-level monument with an elaborate carving program, probably built in the ninth century C.E. by the Sailendras rulers of central Java; it is an outstanding example of cultural exchange and syncretism.
Name given to the massive epidemic that swept Eurasia in the 14th century. it may have been buponic plague, anthrax, or a collection of epidemic diseases
A term used to describe the network of trade that linked parts of pre-Colombia Americas; although less intense and complete than the Afro- European trade networks this web nonetheless provided the exchange for luxury goods and ideas over large areas
A powerful state in the African interior that apparently emerged from the growing trade in gold to the East African coast
which of the following is TRUE of the Silk Roads?
The Silk Roads were largely a "relay trade" route, in which goods were passed down the line rather than carried by one merchant along the entire route.
was used as currency and as a means of accumulating wealth in Central Asia.
Which of the following was NOT a factor that facilitated the spread of Buddhism along the Silk Roads?
Followers of the Zoroastrian faith embraced Buddhism in large numbers.
As it spread along the Silk Roads, Buddhism had its earliest impact through large-scale conversion of the local population
in the oasis towns of Central Asia.
In regard to the spread of Buddhism along the Silk Roads,
the gods of many local peoples along the Silk Roads were incorporated into Buddhist practice.
The exchange of diseases along the Silk Roads
ultimately gave Western Europeans an advantage in later centuries when they confronted the peoples of the Western Hemisphere who had not been exposed to the diseases of the Silk Roads.
Which of the following was NOT an important Eurasian trade route before 1450?
The Atlantic Ocean Roads across the eastern Atlantic between Europe and equatorial West Africa
In contrast to the Silk Roads, the Sea Roads of the Indian Ocean
carried more products for a mass market rather than just luxury goods.
During the first centuries C.E.,
Indian Ocean trade picked up as mariners learned how to ride the monsoons. Christianity traveled along the Indian Ocean trade routes to Kerala in southern India. Chinese merchants started to trade directly in India.
China contributed to the growth of trade in the Indian Ocean between 500 and 1500 C.E. in all EXCEPT which of the following ways?
The Chinese state under the Tang and Song dynasties prohibited Chinese merchants from traveling along the Silk Road, effectively forcing them to trade along the Indian Ocean trade routes.
The sudden rise of Islam in the seventh century C.E. had an impact on Indian Ocean commerce because
Muslim merchants and sailors established communities of traders from East Africa to the southern China coast.
Indian cultural influence in Southeast Asia
was a matter of voluntary adoption and adaptation of Indian religious, philosophical, and political ideas by independent societies that found them useful
Swahili civilization emerged
as a number of rival independent cities.
All of the states that emerged in West Africa after 500 C.E.
drew upon the wealth of the trans-Saharan trade.
Mesoamerica and the Andes
seem to have had little direct contact with each other.
In which third-wave civilization did the state largely control trade, not allowing a professional merchant class to emerge?
The inca Empire
At its height, the Maya civilization traded along which of the following networks?
An important seaborne trade network with South American Andean civilizations that distributed exotic luxury goods, which served to uphold the position and privileges of nobles and rulers. A land-based trade with the great city-state of Teotihuacán in central Mexico
Despite other difficulties, long-distance trade in the Americas NOT was facilitated by
wheeled vehicles. oceangoing vessels. the isthmus of Panama
The emergence of the Silk Roads was facilitated by
the expansion of China into Central Asia during the Han dynasty in an effort to control the nomadic Xiongnu.
The term _____________ refers to the land-based trade routes that crossed Eurasia, linking the Mediterranean basin to China.
Silk was first produced in _____________________.
The ___________ form of Buddhism, which flourished along the Silk Roads, features Buddha as a deity, numerous bodhisattvas, emphasis on compassion, and the possibility of earning merit.
One-third or more of the population of Europe died of ____________ between 1346 and 1350.
The black death
The Indian Ocean Sea Roads trade network was made possible by alternating wind currents known as _____________, which allowed merchants to sail across the Indian Ocean easily and predictably.
______________ was the fulcrum at the center of the Indian Ocean trade network.
_________________ was a sought-after trade product from East Africa in the Indian Ocean trade network.
________________ was a sought-after trade product from China in the Indian Ocean trade network.
___________ was a sought-after trade product from Southeast Asia in the Indian Ocean trade network.
Efforts to reclaim wasteland in Mesopotamia to produce sugar and dates for export stimulated the export of _____________ from East Africa.
The kingdom of _____________ dominated the Straits of Malacca between 670 and 1025 C.E.
Emerging in the eighth century C.E., the _____________ civilization took shape as a number of independent commercial city-states along the East African coast.
The Swahili civilization rapidly became ____________, setting it culturally apart from neighboring societies in the interior of East Africa.
At its peak between 1250 and 1350 C.E., ____________________ was a powerful kingdom in the African interior whose emergence was in part connected to the growing trade in gold to the East African coast.
North African Arab traders organized camel caravans across the Sahara primarily to trade for _________________.
The introduction of _____________ to North Africa in the early centuries of the Common Era proved to be a major turning point in the trans-Saharan trade, facilitating a substantial increase in trade between the Mediterranean basin and equatorial West Africa
Before the 1440s, slaves in Western Europe __________________.
were primarily drawn from Slavic-speaking regions of Eastern Europe
vidence of at least indirect connections between the civilizations of Mesoamerica and the Andes before the arrival of Europeans include _____________.
the spread of maize from Mesoamerica to the Andes
______________ was a kingdom in Southeast Asia.
Located at the confluence of the Mississippi, Illinois, and Missouri rivers, __________ lay at the center of a widespread trading network in North America.
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