21 terms

EZ: The 19 Diet Types Found in Nursing. LVN LPN NCLEX. Beginner.

The various diet types, foods allowed, foods restricted. This is the Beginner version. It does not include items that are excluded from ea. diet, the purpose for ea diet, & the use of ea. diet. The Surgical Diets: 1) Clear Liquid, 2) Full Liquid, 3) Soft. The Mechanical Soft Diet: Not sure what is included & what is not included. 1) Clear Liquid Diet 2) Full Liquid Diet 3) Soft 4) Bland Diet 5) Low Residue Diet 6) High Fiber Diet 7) Gluten Free Diet 8) Lactose Free Diet 9) PKU Diet 10) Low Fa…
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Clear Liquid Diet
This diet includes: Tea, coffee, broth, bouillion, consomme, soda, fruit ices/popsicles, plain gelatin, diluted strained fruit juice
Full Liquid Diet
This diet includes: All liquids, foods that are liquid at room temp., foods that a liquid at body temp, ice cream/pudding/custard, milk, all fruit juice, creamed soup, refined cooked cereals
Soft
This diet includes: All food that are soft. ie: Creamed, stewed, tender, baked/broiled/minced.
Bland Diet
This diet includes: Milk, white bread, baked/broiled potatoes, creamed/pureed soup, custard, cooked/refined cereal
Low Residue Diet
This diet includes: Clear fluids, sugar, salt, meat, fat, egg, peeled white potatoes, & ltd amts of milk, refined cereal, white bread.
High Fiber Diet
This diet includes: Raw fruit, raw veggies, whole grains.
Gluten Free Diet
This diet includes: Rice, corn, soy flour, fruit, veggies, meat, egg, milk.
Lactose Free Diet
This diet includes: Fruit, veggies, unprocessed fish & animal products, cheddar cheese.
PKU Diet
This diet includes: :Low protein flour to make bread & bakery products, Lofenlac formula, phenyl free powder (for beverages).
Low Fat Diet
This diet includes: Fruit, veggies, bread, cereal, skim/low fat milk.
Low Cholesterol Diet
This diet includes: Fruit, veggies, lean meat, poultry, sunflower/safflower/corn oil, whole grain, bread.
Low Sodium Diet
This diet includes: All salt free preparations.
High Potassium Diet
This diet includes: Fruit juices (tomato, grapefruit, pineapple, orange), cocoa, milk, eggs, ,whole grain.
Renal Diet
This diet includes: 1) High biologic protein: Egg, milk, meat (as long as the Pts blood values & urine output remain WNL). 2) When edema & oliguria occur, fluid, Na, & K are restricted. 3) K ltd to 40 mEq/day. 4)
Low Purine Diet
This diet includes: Veggies (except cauliflower), spinach, asparagus, peas, fruit juice, cereal, egg, fat free milk, cottage cheese.
Acid Ash and Alkaline Ash Diet
This diet includes: Protein, cereal, meat, fish, egg, bread, cranberry, prune, plum.
Low Calcium Diet
This diet includes: Peas, carrots, fruit, meat, fish.
High Protein High Carb
This diet includes: A general diet w/increased Protein amts up to 140 G/day, high biologic proteins (egg, milk, milk products). Supplements (Meritene, Sustagen)
Diabetic Diet
This diet includes: The following according to an exchange list & in specific proportions: Fruit, veggies, bread, meat, fat, milk.
Hypoglycemic Diet
This diet includes: The following according to an exchange list & in specific proportions: Fruit, veggies, bread, meat, fat, milk.
Mechanical Soft Diet
This diet includes: All food that are soft. ie: Creamed, stewed, tender, baked/broiled/minced AND high flavored foods, spices, food that are difficult to digest.