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Arts and Humanities
Bible Final Study Guide
Terms in this set (34)
What is the best translation of the word "testament" in connection with the New Testament?
Covenant is the best translation.
What country was the dominant world power and ruled over most of the ancient world in the time of the New Testament?
What was the common language in which the New Testament was written?
Define the period called the "Pax Romana"?
What does the book of Acts give the history of?
Who is the author of the book of Acts?
Where did Jesus tell the apostles they would be witnesses to in Acts 1:8?
Jerusalem, Judea, Samaria, and to the ends of the Earth
What does Pentecost mean?
It is from the Greek word pentekoste, meaning fiftieth. It is 50 days after Passover.
Know the details of what happened on the Day of Pentecost and how many were added to the church. (Acts 2: 1-11; 41)
They heard the sound like a mighty, rushing wind and divided tongues of fire rested above them. They began to speak in other languages about the greatness of God. About 3,000 people were added to the church.
What were some of the characteristics of the early church? (Acts 2: 42-47).
1. The early church devoted themselves to the Apostles' teachings.
2. They sold their possessions and belongings.
3. They gathered together to break bread every day, and received their food with grateful hearts, praising God and having favor with all the people.
Who was the first martyr? What did he see and how did he die? (Acts 7)
Stephen was one of the 7 men who oversaw the feeding of the widows. He saw Jesus at the right hand of God. He was stoned to death by the results of his sermon, and he fell asleep as he died from the stoning.
What happened to Saul on the road to Damascus? Who did God send to him and what happened? (Acts 9: 1-19)
Saul was blinded by a great light, and he heard the voice of Jesus Christ asking him, "Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me?" Ananias of Damascus was sent by God to Saul. He laid his hands on Saul, and Saul regained his eyesight. He was immediately baptized after his healing.
Who went with Paul on the First Missionary Journey and what was the area they traveled to? (Acts 13 and 14)
Barnabas went with Saul to the churches of Galatia and Cyprus.
Who was the book of Galatians written to?
The churches of Galatia
What 2 greetings did Paul use in all of his salutations and who did they represent?
"Grace and Peace." Grace was the Greek greeting, peace was the Jewish greeting.
What 2 key phrases describe the themes of the book of Galatians?
1. Justification by faith
2. Freedom from the Law
What was the issue of concern at the Jerusalem Council? (Acts 15)
Whether or not you had to be circumcised in order to follow Jesus.
Why did Paul and Barnabas separate before the Second Missionary Journey? Who went with Paul instead?
Paul thought John Mark was unreliable which caused Paul and Barnabas to separate. Silas went with Paul instead.
Ananias of Damascus
The individual who laid hands on Paul after head had been blinded by seeing Jesus.
Ananias of Judea
He sold a piece of land and lied about the income gained to the church while giving his offering. He was struck dead on the spot. (Married to Sapphira)
He lived, worked, and traveled with the Apostle Paul, along with his wife, Priscilla. They were tent-makers.
One of the early Jewish converts (a Levite) , who traveled with Paul, and was influential at the church in Antioch.
A Roman centurion who is considered by Christians to be the first Gentile to convert to the faith.
Is celebrated as a Pharisee doctor of Jewish Law, who was the teacher of Paul- a man of great respect.
The missionary with Paul and Barnabas who was the center of a fight between the apostles.
She lived, worked, and traveled with the Apostle Paul, along with her husband, Aquila. They were tent-makers.
She agreed with her husband to sell their land, but withhold a portion of the sales, having decided that they did not wish to give it all to the common purse. She died because of her lie.
A leading member of the Early Christian community, who later accompanied Paul in some of his missionary journeys.
Was tried by the Sanhedrin for blasphemy against Moses and God, the first martyr.
A follower. A disciple must know what the rabbi knows in order to be like the rabbi.
An apostle is "one sent on a mission."
The process of becoming more and more like Jesus Christ.
"To declare righteous." Justification is the impact on our lives from what Jesus did on the cross.
Judaizers were Jewish Christians who believed strongly that converts to Christ must keep Jewish laws and follow Jewish rites and rituals.
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