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U.S Government Fall Final Review
Terms in this set (97)
Chief of state
term for the President as the ceremonial head of the United States, the symbol of all the people of the nation
term for the President as vested with the executive power of the United States
Term for the President as head of the administration of the Federal Government
Term for the President as the main architect of foreign policy and spokesperson to other countries
term for the president as architect of public policy and the one who sets the agenda for congress
Commander in chief
term for the president as commander of the nation's armed forces
term for the President as monitor of the nation's economic condition
Chief of party
term for the president as the leader of his or her political party
Term for the President as the representative of the people, working for the public interest
Balance the ticket
When a presidential candidate chooses a running mate who can strengthen his chance of being elected by virtue of certain ideological, geographic, racial, ethnic, gender, or other characteristics
directive, rule, or regulation issued by a chief executive or subordinates, based upon constitutional or statutory authority and having the force of law
release from the punishment or legal consequences of a crime, by the President (in a federal case) or a governor (in a State case)
a blanket pardon offered to a group of law violators
A law requiring people of a certain age to serve in the military
a purposeful refusal to become generally involved in the affairs of the rest of the world
the policy of making America and its allies so militarily strong that their very strength will discourage, or prevent, any attack
A policy based in the belief that if communism could be kept within its existing boundaries, it would collapse under the weight of its internal weaknesses
an official representative of the United States appointed by the President to represent the nation in matters of diplomacy
A legal document issued by a state that identifies a person as a citizen of that state
a permit to enter another country, obtained from the country one wishes to enter
North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries
the use of violence and intimidation in the pursuit of political aims.
A group of individuals with broad common interests who organize to nominate candidates for office, win elections, conduct government, and determine public policy
parties that have split away from one of the major parties
An economic system based on private ownership of capital
Factors of production
Land, labor, and capital; the three groups of resources that are used to make all goods and services
A person who organizes, manages, and takes on the risks of a business.
Free enterprise system
an economic system characterized by private or corporate ownership of capital goods
Complete control of a product or business by one person or group
a political theory advocating state ownership of industry
a form of socialism that abolishes private ownership
A government in which the people rule by their own consent.
laws of basic and lasting importance which may not easily be changed
The body of law enacted by legislative bodies (as opposed to constitutional law, administrative law, or case law).
power reserved to the state government to regulate the health, safety, and morals of its citizens
a legislative act is referred for final approval to a popular vote by the electorate
A legal system based on custom and court rulings
a system of law concerned with the punishment of those who commit crimes.
a crime, typically one involving violence, regarded as more serious than a misdemeanor, and usually punishable by imprisonment for more than one year or by death.
(n.) a crime or offense that is less serious than a felony; any minor misbehavior or misconduct
to call together, to assemble
to stop proceedings temporarily
a time when both houses of Congress temporarily suspend business
Process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power.
a required payment to a local, state, or national government
A legal process to get out of debt when you can no longer make all your required payments
the exclusive legal right, given to an originator or an assignee to print, publish, perform, film, or record literary, artistic, or musical material, and to authorize others to do the same.
(n.) exclusive rights over an invention; copyright; (v.) to arrange or obtain such rights; (adj.) plain, open to view; copyrighted
an area of land under the jurisdiction of a ruler or state.
A principle of constitutional government; a government whose powers are defined and limited by a constitution.
Basic principle that government and those who govern must obey the law; the rule of law
Separation of powers
the division of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government
Checks and balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
review by the US Supreme Court of the constitutional validity of a legislative act.
A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
A change in, or addition to, a constitution or law
Formal approval, final consent to the effectiveness of a constitution, constitutional amendment, or treaty
a formal agreement between the governments of two or more countries
A group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president
Powers specifically given to the federal government by the US Constitution, for example, the authority to print money.
powers directly stated in the constitution
Powers not specifically mentioned in the constitution
Powers held jointly by the national and state governments.
Powers given to the state government alone
a constitutional division of power between levels (national and state) of government
Federal grants given more or less automatically to states or communities to support broad programs in areas such as community development and social services
Federal categorical grants given for specific purposes and awarded on the basis of the merits of applications
A legal process whereby an alleged criminal offender is surrendered by the officials of one state to officials of the state in which the crime is alleged to have been committed.
A political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
a system of government by one person with absolute power.
A government ruled by a few powerful people
A political system in which nobles are granted the use of lands that legally belong to their king, in exchange for their loyalty, military service, and protection of the people who live on the land
A tax for which the percentage of income paid in taxes increases as income increases
tax on wages and salaries to finance Social Security and Medicare costs
a tax on the production or sale of a good
A tax on the estate, or total value of the money and property, of a person who has died
a tax on money or property that one living person gives to another
A case involving a noncriminal matter such as a contract dispute or a claim of patent infringement
a case in which a defendant is tried for committing a crime as defined by the law
A written defamation of a person's character, reputation, business, or property rights.
the action or crime of making a false spoken statement damaging to a person's reputation.
speech urging resistance to lawful authority or advocating the overthrow of the government
nonverbal communication, such as burning a flag or wearing an armband. The Supreme Court has accorded some symbolic speech protection under the first amendment.
Trial or punishment for the same crime by the same government; forbidden by the Constitution.
the act of accusing; a formal accusation
A legislature consisting of two parts, or houses
the legislature of the United States government
To accuse government officials of misconduct in office
A term used to describe supporters of the Constitution during ratification debates in state legislatures.
people who opposed the Constitution
the governing body of a nation, state, or community.
An area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government with control over its internal and foreign affairs.
a document constituting a fundamental guarantee of rights and privileges.
voting for candidates of different parties for different offices at the same election
casting votes only for candidates of one's party
Speaker of the House
the leader of the majority party who serves as the presiding officer of the House of Representatives
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