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A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history.
A collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary.
The form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications.
hypothesized ancestral language of Proto-Indo-European, as well as other ancestral language families.
family of indigenous American languages. Second oldest & largest family. Less widely diffused.
with increased food supply and increased population, speakers from the hearth of Indo-European languages migrated into Europe
theory of how proto-inko european spread into europe that speakers spread westward on horseback
The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents.
an artificial language based as far as possible on words common to all the European languages
a society in which different cultural groupls keep their own identity, beliefs, and traditions
small, usually rural and ethnically homogeneous enclaves situated within a larger and more diverse cultural context.
a culturally shared trait that gives an ethnic or cultural group a strengthened sense of awareness and self-identity
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