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DNA Replication, Transcription, Translation Test Review

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The 4 nucleotides that make up DNA
THYMINE, Adenine, Cytosine, Guanine
The 4 nucleotides that make up RNA
URACIL, Adenine, Cytosine, Guanine
A sequence of three base that translate into amino acid
Codon
The correct order of making a protein
DNA transcribed to RNA and then RNA translated to proteins.
Compare DNA vs RNA
RNA: Single stranded, ribose sugars, Uracil instead Thymine
DNA: Double stranded, deoxyribose sugars, Thymine instead of Uracil
The enzyme in DNA replication aids in unzipping or unwinding the DNA strand so that they are now two separate pieces.
HELICASE
The enzyme in DNA replication that lays down PRIMER as a starting point for DNA synthesis.
Primase
The enzyme in DNA replication is responsible for replicating the new strand of DNA to each of the parent strands that were separated by Helicase
DNA POLYMERASE
The sites in a cell in which protein synthesis takes place
Ribosomes
The function of mRNA
carries the genetic information copied from DNA from the nucleus to the cytoplasm
The function of tRNA
Transports amino acids from the cytoplasm to the ribosome for translation.
The UNIVERSAL GENETIC CODE means that nearly all organism's...
RNA makes proteins in the same way.
The definition of semi-conservative DNA
One molecule of DNA with two original strands and one molecule of DNA with two new strands.
The order of the 3 enzymes used in DNA replication
Helicase, Primase, DNA polymerase, Ligase
tRNA (transfer RNA)
Proteins are made up of this
amino acids
DNA is made up of this monomer
nucleotides
DNA never leaves the...
nucleus
mRNA can ______ the nucleus
leave
Adenine pairs with this
Thymine or Uracil
Guanine pairs with this
Cytosine
The Universal Genetic Code codes for amino acids using ________.
mRNA codons
The _____ codes for amino acids using mRNA codons.
Universal Genetic Code
You CANNOT use _____ or ______ on the universal genetic code.
DNA/ tRNA
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