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Government Honors Midterm Review
Terms in this set (79)
What did the Virginia Plan want?
Representation based on population
What did the New Jersey Plan want?
How is an amendment to the constitution made?
It is proposed at a national level then ratified at the state level
What are expressed powers?
powers directly stated in the constitution ex: power to coin money
What are implied powers?
Powers not specifically mentioned in the constitution, how congress carries out expressed powers
What are inherent powers?
Powers of sovereign states
What are exclusive powers?
Powers held only by the national government
What are concurrent powers?
Powers held by the state and federal governments at the same time. Ex: power to tax
What is the 10th amendment?
How the states get their powers/ reserved powers
How many reps most each state have?
Each state has at least one representative, it is based on population
What is the CT compromise?
Senate would have equal representation the house would be based on population
What are the qualifications to be in the House of Representatives?
25 years old
Live in the US for atleast 7 years
Live in the state
It is costumary to live in the district
What is reapportionment?
The redistribution of house seats based on population shifts that happens every 10 years
What is gerrymandering?
the drawing of district boundaries for political advantage
What is Cracking Gerrymandering?
Try to eliminate minority voters by breaking up areas. District lines are drawn to spread out the oppositon party.
What is packing Gerrymandering?
Try to eliminate voting power of political party by putting all of the minority party supporters in one district.
How many senaters does each state get?
What are the qualifications to be in the Senate?
30 years old
9 years a US citizen
Lives in the state
How long is a term for a House of Representative serve?
Two year terms, with no term limits
How long is the term for a senator?
6 years, continuous body meaning terms are staggered no more than 1/3 of the Senate is up for election at a time.
What is the 17th amendment?
Changed how senators where selected, BEFORE this amendment it was chosen by the state NOW it popular vote by the people.
When are the congressional terms?
Begins in January every odd number years
Where are the expressed powers of Congress stated?
Article 1 Section 8
What is the 16th amendment?
Power to tax incomes
What is the 27th amendment?
Who is the presiding officer in the house?
Speaker of the house, the third in line to the presidency
Who is the presiding officer of the Senate?
Vice President, majority leader- most powerful
What is the House Rules Committee?
Committee that interprets rules for conduction business in the House
Where is a filibuster allowed?
In the senate
What ends a filibuster?
The rule of cloture with 60 votes
What is the minimum congressional representatives per state?
1 in the house, 2 in the senate- 3 total
What is the role of the pro tempore?
Serves in place of the Vice President, usually is the oldest member of the majority party
What are the qualifications for president
35 years old
14 years lived in the US
Natural born citizen
What is the 22nd amendment about?
Presidential term limits
What is the 25th amendment about?
How many terms can a president serve?
Can serve 2 terms each being 4 years
What is the maximum time the president can spend in office?
map/chart/drawing on test
why are Iowa and New Hampshire important
Iowa and New Hampshire are first when nominating candidates for president
How does the media effect power?
It increases by building support for presidential policy.
What is executive privilege?
the right to keep communications confidential to the presidency, this was used in US vs. Nixon, to keep him from endangering national security
What type of people does the president have the power to appoint?
Ambassadors/ cabinet members
What is the difference between a treaty and executive agreement?
A treaty has to be approved by senate while an executive agreement does not
Who can reject cabinet appointments?
What is the national security council in charge of?
Foreign affairs consultants
What is the dual court system
a court system made up of both federal and state courts
What is original jurisdiction?
the power to hear a case for the first time
What is appellate jurisdiction?
Right to hear case on appeal
What is the constitutional courts?
Holds both original and appellate jurisdiction- judges serve life terms
Supreme Court (highest)
Courts of appeal
Special courts- What is the pathway a case would reach Supreme Court?
Territorial courts, court of appeals, surpreme court
What is the Supreme Court?
Highest court, last court federal questions can be answered
How many courts of appeals are there?
11 in circuit 1 in DC= 12 total
What are district courts?
Where case if US is sued/ they are the federal trial courts
What is a political party?
Group with shared ideas that seek to control government
What is bonding agent function?
When parties make sure canadites execute campaign promises
What is the watchdog function?
When leaders force members to resign do to ethic violations
What do minor parties do?
Influence the platforms of major parties
When is a petition used?
Used most commonly at the local level of government
What is a caucus?
meeting of a small group of people who select the candidates they will support
What is a convention?
How the party chooses canadites for president
What is direct primary?
How some states choose canadites for president
What is a closed primary?
Party members choose from a list of that party canadites only/ independents not included
What is a open primary?
Choose the primary in which you will vote/ independents includes
What is a one party system?
Prevalent in all dictatorships
What is probable cause?
This prevents police from searching your home without a warrant
What is a bench trial?
trial without a jury, this may be requested if an impartial jury cannot be drawn
What is the 5th amendment?
Cannot be forced to be a witness against yourself
What is the 2nd amendment?
Right to bear arms
What is the 4th amendment?
Right to security of home and person
What is the 8th amendment?
1) bail allows defendant to better prepare for trial
2) no death penalty, for mentally challenged
What is the 6th amendment?
Right to compel favorable witnesses to testify
What is the 1st amendment?
Assembly must be regulated by time, place, manner, and must be content neutral
What is the 9th amendment?
Protects rights not stated in the constitution
What is the 14th amendment?
Due process claus requires states to honor bill of rights
What is prior restraint?
Government cannnot censor ideas before expressed
What is commercial speech
Fault and misleading ads can be prohibited
What is the purpose of the maranda rights?
Police must inform you of your rights before questioning
What is foreign policy?
Strategies for many different polices on many different topics
Who has ultimate authority for foreign policies?
The president and Congress
What is the U.N. Security Council?
5 permanent members that all have veto powers
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