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47 terms

apush ch 14

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life on the frontier was
downright grim for most pioneer families
pioneering americans marooned by geography
became provincial in the attitudes
in early-nineteenth-century american
the urban population was growing at an unexpected rate
the dramatic growth of american cities between 1800 and 1860
resulted in unsanitary conditions in many communities
"ecological imperialism" can be best described as
the aggressive exploitation of the west's bounty
george caitlin advocated
the preservation of nature as a nationalist party
the influx of immigrants to the U.S trippled, then quadrupled in the
1840s and 1850s
irelands great export in the 1840s was
people
the irish immigrants to early nineteenth century america
were mostly roman catholics
when the irish flocked to the us in the 1840s they stayed in the larger seaboard cities because they
were too poor to move west and buy land
when the "famine irish" came to america
they mostly remained in the port cities of the north east
native born protestant americans distrusted and resented the irish mostly because these immigrants
were roman catholic
german immigrants in the early nineteenth century tended to
support public schools
german immigrants to the us
left their homeland to escape ecomonic hardships and autocratic government
when german immigrants came to the us they
prospered with astonishing ease
those who were frightened by the rapid influx of irish immigrants organized
the order of the star spangled banner
the sentiment of fear and opposition to open immigration was called
nativism
native-born americans feared that catholic immigrants to the u.s would
"establish" the catholic church at the expense of protestantism
immigrants coming to the us before 1860
helped fuel economic expansion
the father of the factory system in the us. was
samuel slater
eli whitney was instrumental in the invention of the
cotton gin
most of the cotton produced in the american south in the early nineteenth century was
sold to england
the american phase of the industrial revolution first blossomed
with textile mills
as a result of the development of the cotton gin
slavery revived and expanded
the underlying basis for modern mass production was the
use of interchangeable parts
the early factory system distributed its benefits
mostly to the owners
what did samuel F.B. Morse invent?
what about cyrus mccormick
or robert fulton?
S- telegraph
C- mower-reaper
R- Steamboat
the american work force in the early 19th century was characterized by
substantial employment of women and children in the factories
one reason that the lot of adult wage earners improved was
the enfranchisement of the laboring men
in the case of commonwealth vs. hunt the supreme court of mass. ruled that
labor unions were legal
the "cult of domesticity"
glorified the traditional role of women as homemakers
early 19th century american families
were getting smaller
one of the goals of the child centered family of the 1800s was to
raise independent individuals
the effect of early 19th century industrialization of the trans-allegheny west was to encourage
specialized cash-crop agriculture
with the development of cash-crop agriculture in the trans alegheny west
farmers quickly faced mounting indebtedness
the first major transportation project linking the east to the trans-allegheny west was
lancaster turnpike
western road building faced all of the following problems except
competition from canals
the major application for steamboats transporting freight and passengers in the us was on
western and southern rivers
the canal era of american history began with the construction of the
erie canal
construction of the erie canal
forced some new england farmers to move or change occupations
most early railroads in the us were built in the
north
compared with canals railroads
could be built almost anywhere
in the new continental economy each region specialized in a particular economic activity: the south __________ for export; the west grew grains and livestock to feed __________; and the east _______ for the other two regions
grew cotton, eastern factory workers, made machines and textiles
as a result of the transportation revolution
each regions in the nation specialized in a particular type of economic activity
in general, _____________ tended to bind the west and south together, while ___________ and ________________ connected the west to east
steamboats, canals, railroads
as the new continental market economy grew
the home came to be viewed as a refugee from the workday world
a major economic consequence of the transportation and marketing revolutions was
the declining significance of american agriculture