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Antebellum/ Civil War Test
Chapter 10 sections 3 and 4, Chapter 11 section CIvil War
Terms in this set (44)
Middle class Protestants- nativists who were upset at the total number of new immigrants but also at the number of catholics among them
Free soil party
opposed the extension of slavery into the territories
Noted in opposing the Kansas- Nebraska Act and in keeping slavery out of the territories
The 15th President of the United States (1857-1861). He tried to maintain a balance between proslavery and antislavery factions, but his moderate views angered radicals in both North and South, and he was unable to forestall the secession of South Carolina on December 20, 1860.
The first shots of the Civil War were fired in South Carolina by the confederate
Robert e lee
Commander of the Confederate Army who was offered the command of the Union army, but could not go to war against the state of Virginia because it was going to secede. He wanted to go home and wait out the war but Lee felt pressured to defend his homeland from the invading Northern army.
1st real battle, Confederate victory, Washingtonian spectators gather to watch battle, Gen. Jackson stands as Stonewall and turns tide of battle in favor of Confederates, realization that war is not going to be quick and easy for either side; 30,000 inexperienced Union soldiers; union troops were routed and retreated with panic to Washington
The union's plan that had three parts
1. The navy would blockade southern ports, so they could neither export cotton nor import manufactured goods
2. Union riverboats and armies would move down the Mississippi River, and split the confederacy in two
3. Union armies could capture the confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia
A general for northern command of the Army of the Potomac in 1861; nicknamed "Tardy George" because of his failure to move troops to Richmond; lost battle vs. General Lee near the Chesapeake Bay; Lincoln fired him twice and said he has the slows
(General Thomas J Jackson) General in the Confederate army, led Confederate army in the 1st Battle of Bull Run. He stood like a stonewall
This was battle fought by Grant in an attempt to capture the railroad of the South. The battle was fought in the west prevented the north from obtaining an easy victory. However, the Confederates strong resistance showed that they would not go quietly and the war was far from over.
Ulysses s grant
Union general who constantly won, but also had a drinking problem
The first union ironclad that had a battle with the Merrimack. Neither ship was able to win or seriously damage the other. At the battle of Hampton Rhodes.
David g Farragut
Admiral of the Union Navy during the Civil War. Led the daring attack on New Orleans the led to the Union's control of the Mississippi River.
Confederate ironclad ship that sailed out to take on three wooden Union battle ships that move by sail. She sinks the first, burns the second, and runs the third aground. They are unable to shoot canons at the ironclad ships and therefore cannot sink them. It moves by steam engine and doesn't need to rely on the wind.
When the civil war began what was abraham Lincoln's main goal
to restore the Union (not to free slaves)
In which area did the south have an advantage over the north in the civil war
Cotton money, first class generals and soldiers
Name the document which abolished slavery in the north
Why is the Battle of Gettysburg considered a turning point in the Civil War?
It made the South give up the idea of invading the North and decimated their forces.
What was the stated aim of the emancipation proclamation
To free slaves behind confederate lines. This did not apply to southern territory already occupied or any slaves in northern states
important advantage of ironclad ships
- were much faster
Could withstand attack by cannon
Why was david farragut's victory in APril 1862 so important
- It advanced the Union plan to split the Confederacy along the Mississippi River
- it prevented the Union capital from being taken over
Who was the confederate commander who opposed secession but sided with his beloved state of virgina
Robert E Lee
Name the Union commander who seized New Orleans, Baton Rouge, and Natchez.
Who was the union general who was eventually fired by Lincoln for having the slows
Name the president of the confederacy
Who was the union commander who burned a path of destruction through Georgia
William Tecumseh Sherman
Who was the union naval commander who captured New Orleans
David g Farragut
Americans who worked for an immediate end of slavery
Was the North's attempt to blockade the South effective?
Yes, it got better and better as the war went on
What was the final Confederate attempt to invade the North
The Battle of Gettysburg
first confederate victory during the civil war
Assassinated President Lincoln
John Wilkes Booth
who won the presidency in 1860
Abraham Lincoln (Republican)
General lee was finally forced to surrender his army at...
Appomattox court house
The south's overall strategy for the war was...
Fight a defensive war and just keep the north out
Describe what the border states are
States that had plantations but were aligned to the union
Major fighting in the war extended as far north as...
Pennsylvania in Gettysburg
How did most African americans enter the civil war
They volunteered because they wanted to fight to free slaves
The union general who lead the campaign and fall of Vicksburg was...
This general was responsible for the Confederate victory at the First Battle of Bull Run
General Thomas J Jackson (Stonewall Jackson)
When does lincoln announce his emancipation proclaation
Following the battle of antietam
First major victory of the war for the north
Battle of Antietam
What best explains the souths dependence on slavery
Everybody earns income around the plantation system. The south is rural plantations with very big cities
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 3 vocabulary
Chapter 4- The War for Indepence
Chapter 4 vocab
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