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50 terms

Conflict Vocab

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Air Logistic Support
air landings or drops for the purpose of supply, movement of personnel, evacuation, or recovery
Air Strike
bombing against any strategic or tactical target not in direct support of troops
Anti-personal mines
kill or injure soldiers; very dangerous to civilians
Armistice
ending of hostilities
Asymmetrical Threat
non-"traditional" or not state sponsored; ex: terrorism
Atrocities
acts of unusual cruelty
Biological Warfare
use of disease producing agents on plants, animal or people
Blockade
ships prevent goods from reaching enemy ports
Blue Helmets
nickname for UN Peacekeepers
Border Monitoring
internat'l observers who report on goods and issues b/w national borders
Buffer Zone
a neutral space created by the withdrawal of both hostile parties
The Caucasus
a volatile region of central Asia; formerly part of the USSR and is a sig crossroads for world energy from the Caspian Sea Region (Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijin, Chechnya)
Chemical Warfare
Use of toxic chemical compounds, including defoliants and herbicides
Civil War
...war b/w a gov't and a faction of the same state, neither clearly recognized as the legitimate gov't
Cold War
Well...duh?
Collective Security
agreement by a group of nations to defend the other in case of an attack on any member
Concentration Camp
internment center for political prisoners and members of minority groups for reasons of "state security"
Dayton Peace Accords
...1995 peace agreement ending the war over the former Yugo, b/w Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and Serbia
Demilitarized Zone (DMZ)
...are b/w the forward lines of two hostile parties
Ethnic Cleansing
...expulsion, imprisonment or killing of ethnic minorities by the majority
Ethnocentrism
...belief in superiority of one's own culture or ethnic group
Genocide
...systematic killing of a whole nation of people
Guerrilla
...small forces or irregular volunteer troops; usually harass enemy supplies and communications
Host Nation Support (HNS)
...support by host nation for UN Peacekeeping operations
Implementation Force
...Yugo: UN supported NATO forces to keep the peace in Bosnia
Interoperability
ability of military systems, units and forces to communicate w/ other civilian and military systems
inter-/intra-state conflict
conflict w/in or b/w nations
Joint Task Force (JTF)
U.S. military concept of combining Navy, Army, Air Force, and Marine units for a specific mission
Karachi Agreement
cease fire signed in 1949 b/w India and Pakistan over the states of Kashmir and Jammu
Line of Control in Kashmir
700 km. frontier separating Indian and Pakistani forces in Kashmir
Lusaka Ceasefire Agreement
tentative peace agreement signed in 1999 (widely ignored) stopping the war b/w Congo, Angola, Namibia, Zimbabwe v. Rwanda and Uganda
NATO
Formed in 1949 by 12 democratic nations to defend each other if attacked
Nuclear Non-prolif Treaty (NPT)
Signed in 1970, it was intended to limit th enuclear states to the five SC permanent members
Observer Missions
unarmed military officers to monitor ceasefire agreements
PLO
Palestinian Liberation Org: formed in 1964 w/ the purpose of creating a homeland for Palestinians in Israel
Paramilitary
being similar to the military; but unofficial
Partisan
members of guerrilla bands or other unofficial lightly armed troops
Peacekeeper/ peacekeeping operation
UN sponsored and Security Council backed operation to create or keep the peace b/w warring factions
Rapid Deployment Force (RDF)
a short notice contingency force, formed unilaterally or w/ partners, to be deployed in situations in which its military org, training, equipment or communications enable it to cope w/ a variety of situations; humanitarian, disaster, relief, separate warring factions to actual combat
Rapid Reaction Force (RRF)
Name given to NATO led and UN backed forces capable of doing #39 (above)
"Road Map" to ME Peace
current plan to hand over "land for peace" b/w Israel and the Palestinians
Security Council
main organ w/in the UN responsible for maintaining peace and security; composed of 5 permanent members and 10 rotating members w/ two year terms elected by the General Assembly
Stand-by Forces
capabilities made available to the UN by member states, military, police, specialized personnel or equipment
Start I &2
Strategic Arms Reduction Talks, 1993-94 b/w USA and Russia to reduce the active deployment of ICBMs
Sunshine Policy
Current policy of active engagement and reconciliation by the gov't of S. Korea towards N. Korea
TMD (Theater Missile Defense)
US backed defensive system designed to protect an area smaller than the entire USA from attack by a long range ballistic missile or nuclear missile
War Crime
a crime committed during or in connection w/ war; genocide, ethnic cleansing, or prisoner mistreatment
Westphalin Doctrine
political theory named for the treaty that ended the 30 Years War (1618-48) that provided the framework for Euro relations for over two centuries; idea that sovereign states do not get involved w/ other sovereign states' internal affairs
White Helmets
UN sponsored internat'l volunteer rapid response teams to provide humanitarian relief to emergencies
Zionism
internat'l movement for the support of Jewish homeland in Palestine and later for support for Israel