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World Geography Final Exam Review
Terms in this set (65)
An example of a country's physical geography affecting its economic activity
Japan being an island and depending on fish, Columbia having fertile soil and climate to grow coffee beans, Saudi Arabia profiting on oil reserves
How do immigrants add to a diverse culture in a country?
They combine traditions of the local community to rituals from their homeland population and create new customs
What are countries doing to slow down the impact of climate change?
Pass legislation that mandates a reduction of carbon emissions by automobiles and factories
What innovations led to the increased use of sea travel?
Technological improvements such as the compass and improvements in ship design made ocean voyages possible
How has the Green Revolution been able to produce enough food to keep pace with a growing population?
By using lots of fertilizers, pesticides, and increased irrigation needs
What is a common argument in favor to nuclear power plants? What is one against them?
Pro: There is a limited amount of non renewable resources left
Con: There is a high risk of radiation exposure to all nearby
What event had the greatest impact on the political, economic, and culture elements of Mexico?
The arrival of Spanish Conquistadors in the 16th Century
What is a result of the global spread of American popular culture?
The spread of English as an international language, American fast food chains have opened all over the world, American Movies are widely viewed around the world
Which event led to the introduction of new foods to Western Europe?
Columbus' voyages to the Americas
Why did favelas increase in Brazil in the 1970s?
Migrants from rural areas couldn't afford to live in the urban cities
In what direction was the huge migration shift in America in the 1800s?
from east to west
How did the United States acquire their northern and southern borders?
Through diplomatic agreements of man-made borders (the 49thparallel) and natural borders (Rio Grande River and Gulf coast)
Why was the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the European Union (E.U.) formed?
To increase economic cooperation between member nations
In the Columbian exchange, how were the lives of Europeans impacted by their American counterparts?
There was a transfer of new products and ideas encouraged economic growth
How does the Cold War continue to affect the political landscape of Europe?
Some Eastern European countries are still economically, politically, and culturally aligned with Russia
Why was the UN created?
To maintain international cooperation among members, keep world peace through the use of sanctions, and to provide humanitarian aid with groups like UNICEF
What geographic circumstances has hampered Russia's success in foreign policy?
The cold climate and lack of warm-water ports for commerce
What major change was going on in Europe during the 1989 democratic elections in Latvia, Poland, and Ukraine
The diffusion of democratic ideals
After the formation of the EU, why do we see a population shift in Europe?
People migrated to Western Europe in search of employment in more industrialized countries
Why is North Africa different than the rest of Africa both culturally and in the advancement of medical care?
They are separated by the Sahara
Why is Nelson Mandela a hero to many South Africans?
Mandela led a long struggle to end apartheid for black South Africans
What are some of the negative cultural effects of European colonization in South America and Africa?
European colonization created cultural divisions within these two regions that later led to mass civil wars, political unrest, dictatorships and corrupt leadership
What happened next in Africa and South America?
African and South American countries began to fight for their independence from their colonial ruler
Why does Africa have relatively poor economies even though they have an abundance of natural resources?
Africa lacks the infrastructure, money to build an industrial base and education levels to use their natural resources for more than raw materials while their unstable political geography has contributed to their demise as well
Which challenge of globalization does the rapid spread of the H1N1 flu (2009) and Ebola (2014) demonstrate?
Accelerated transmission of viruses due to increased travel
What important values are essential to African Tribes?
Societies with strong traditional beliefs, government systems based on family ties, and conflicts that center around land and territory
Why is there an African influence on the food and customs in the Caribbean?
The Caribbean was a stop along the Middle Passage, the voyage responsible for bringing slaves to the area
How has the Arab Spring changed many Middle Eastern and North African states?
Many leaders have been removed from power after years under totalitarian rule
Because of foreign conquerors and its physical features, how has Africa changed over the last century?
Europeans and Arabs brought their religious beliefs, languages and way of life to the African continent, which they forced the Africans to accept; these religious lines reflected the physical division of the continent created by the Sahara with Islam in the north and Christianity in Sub-Sahara
Why have Israel's borders changed so much?
It's a result of the numerous conflicts between neighbors of that area
What can oil rich nations of the Middle East do to ensure their longtime success economically?
Diversify their economics to other areas than oil
How are women treated in the traditional Islamic monarchy of Saudi Arabia?
Women must cover their bodies in public and have limited legal rights
What are two major reasons that Saudi Arabia is important to many people around the world?
Its religious sites and oil reserves
What has come from the Middle East having a limited amount of fresh water?
They are a leader in desalination technology development
Why do some countries in Southwest Asia continue to gain wealth from a surplus of natural resources when others don't?
The natural resources in that region are not distributed evenly
The movement of tectonic plates moved the Indian subcontinent up to Asia and created what major landform?
Why is there so much conflict in the province of Kashmir between India and Pakistan?
There are large populations of Muslims and Hindus in the province and each country claims the territory hoping to appease the religious majorities in their country
Why do the people of Southeast Asia depend on the summer monsoons each year?
They receive little rainfall during other parts of the year
Where are the most Chinese cities located?
They are located in areas where there is likely to be fertile farmland, on the coast
Campaign to increase food production for parts of the world that are overpopulated, used a variety of methods including increased irrigation, pesticides and other genetically modified chemicals
Culturally linked populations that are unrecognized in the international community and not given a political voice
The average amount of people living per square kilometer in a country
Plates of large crust that float across the mantle and move around the earth. They have caused the large-scale motion of the India Subcontinent from its isolation in the Indian Ocean northward to create the Himalayas
air and water pollution that crosses into other countries, regardless of where it originated.
Relocating jobs to outside foreign countries
only produced enough to meet the needs of family, with very little left to sell for a profit
the production of a cash crop, including livestock, on a large scale
the process of sharing and absorbing parts of another person's culture and blending it with your own.
A place where many cultures gather and share ideas, traditions or beliefs from a central point
the spreading out of culture, culture traits, or a cultural pattern from a central point.
A population shift from rural areas to cities, and what a city goes through to accommodate those changes
A process of integration and connection from a worldwide perspective of cultures, ideas, products, and viewpoints. But it can leave to pollution, an increased risk of pandemics, and a loss of local traditions
Describe a theocratic government
A type of government system where religious leaders and laws rule the country
Describe a democratic government
A type of government system where the citizens have power and authority to make decisions
Describe a totalitarian government
A type of government system with one political party in complete control usually with a single leader
What kind of economic system incorporates a mixture of public and privately owned businesses, while allowing owners the ability to amass a great wealth?
What kind of economic system is completely controlled by the central government in order to regulate business and profit?
What kind of economic system allows total freedom with business owners to set prices, create products, and ultimately fail or succeed on their own?
free market economy
What kind of economy system has the government providing most of the important public services but still permits private owmership of some buildings>
What demographics are more characteristic of a wealthier developed country?
Low birthrates, low death rates, high literacy rates, and high life expectancy
What demographics are more characteristic of a poor, less developed nation?
High birthrates, high death rates, low literacy, and low life expectancy
Farming, agriculture, working with natural resources
factory and industry work, low skill level jobs
Service-related jobs, leisure/ free time occupation
CEO, product improvement jobs
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