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early civilizations exam review (chrestman)
Terms in this set (50)
Historians refer to __________ as the earliest period in human history.
Historians refer to __________ as the period after the change in nomadic lifestyle to settled villages and farming
Africa and Asia
The first cities emerged along river valleys in __________ and ___________
people were ranked in __________ according to their jobs
Some rulers of early civilizations conquered many cities and villages and created _________
a(n) __________ is a group of states, territories, and people ruled by one person
More than 5,000 years ago, a rich farming civilization emerged along the Nile River in __________
The Nile __________ each year, but Egyptians learned to control it and use it to their benefit.
these Egyptian villages joined together into __________ kingdoms.
__________ created the first state along the nile by uniting two kingdoms.
Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom, New Kingdom
After Menes' reign, Egyptian history can be separated into three periods, the __________, the __________, and the __________.
During the old kingdom, __________ ruled Egypt. They were god-like rulers and people built pyramids for them.
The spread of ideas, customs, and technologies from one people to another is ___________
the Egyptians were __________ (religion)
Mesopotamia is also called __________
A political unit made up of a city and its surrounding lands is called a __________.
Sumerians created the earliest form of language, called __________.
Sargon, the ruler of __________ conquered Sumer.
Sargon built the first __________ known to history.
__________, king of Babylon, brought much of Mesopotamia under his control by 1790 B.C.
The Code of Hammurabi
Hammurabi published a set of laws called ______________________________.
__________ armies overthrew Babylon.
The Hebrew's most sacred text is called __________.
The Hebrews developed __________.
The Hebrews developed the kingdom of ___________.
When the kingdom of Israel split, the Hebrews fell under captivity and became known as the __________.
_________ sent the jews to different places all over the world.
Indian civilization began in the ____ River Valley.
Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa
the major cities of the Indus Valley civilization; both of which flourished around 2000 B.C. are __________ and __________.
most Indus people were __________.
_________ ravaged the cities of the Indus river valley and caused total abandonment of the civilization.
Hinduism and Buddhism
These two religions started in India.
Long distances _________ china from other civilizations.
the middle kingdom
because china believed they were at the center of the earth, they called their civilization _____________.
Yangtze and Yellow Rivers
The ____________ were the two main rivers in China.
Chinese religious practices focused on respect for their __________.
_________ were the first civilizations to settle in the Aegean Sea.
a volcano erupted
Why did the Minoans vanish?
The ____________ are best remembered for the Trojan War.
In the ancient Greek city-state of __________, a warrior society took root.
The city-state of Athens turned into a ___________, where only male citizens could vote.
While the greek city-states warred against themselves, King Phillip of ___________ built a superb army.
Alexander the Great
______________ _______ ___________, Phillip's son, took control of Macedonia when he died.
a powerful general named ____________ took control of Rome. He was Rome's first emperor. (known by two names)
the period of peace in the Roman Empire is called ___________________.
During Pax Romana, _____________, a new religion, sprung up.
the roman empire split after the death of _____________.
While the Western Roman Empire collapsed, the ____________ ___________ in the East flourished under the rule of Constantine.
the capital of the Byzantine Empire was called _____________.
Constantinople fell to the __________ ____________.
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