Get ahead with a $300 test prep scholarship
| Enter to win by Tuesday 9/24
AP Semester 1, Part 2
Terms in this set (38)
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions (1798)
Statements authored secretly by James Madison and Thomas Jefferson in response to the Alien and Sedition Acts. The Resolutions asserted the right of states to veto federal legislation.
Alien and Sedition Acts
Series of four laws enacted in 1798 to reduce the political power of recent immigrants
Alien Enemies Act
Immigrants from countries the United States is at war with can be arrested
Alien Friends Act
president can deport any non-native person that he saw as a threat to our national security
made it a crime to write, print, utter, or publish criticism of the president of government
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
Established judicial review
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
the Supreme Court upheld the power of the national government and denied the right of a state to tax the federal bank using the Constitution's supremacy clause. The Court's broad interpretation of the necessary and proper clause paved the way for later rulings upholding expansive federal powers
Monroe Doctrine (1823)
US foreign policy regarding Latin American countries stated that further efforts by European nations to colonize land or interfere with states in North or South America would be viewed as acts of aggression, requiring U.S. intervention (isolationist)
1800s belief that Americans had the right to spread across the continent.
Trail of Tears
The Cherokee Indians were forced to leave their lands. They traveled from North Carolina and Georgia through Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri, and Arkansas-more than 800 miles (1,287 km)-to the Indian Territory. More than 4, 00 Cherokees died of cold, disease, and lack of food during the 116-day journey.
Worcester v. Georgia (1832)
A Supreme Court ruling that declared a state did not have the power to enforce laws on lands that were not under state jurisdiction; John Marshall wrote that the state of Georgia did not have the power to remove Indians; this ruling was largely ignored by President Andrew Jackson - not enforce - paved way for Trail of Tears
Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments
Declaration issued in 1848 at the first national woman's rights convention in the United States, which was held in Seneca Falls, New York. The document adopted the style of the Declaration of Independence and demanded equal rights for women, including the franchise.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
(1815-1902) A suffragette who, with Lucretia Mott, organized the first convention on women's rights, held in Seneca Falls, New York in 1848. Issued the Declaration of Sentiments which declared men and women to be equal and demanded the right to vote for women. Co-founded the National Women's Suffrage Association with Susan B. Anthony in 1869.
United States abolitionist and feminist who was freed from slavery and became a leading advocate of the abolition of slavery and for the rights of women (1797-1883)
Missouri Compromise of 1820
Allowed Missouri to enter the union as a slave state, Maine to enter the union as a free state, prohibited slavery north of latitude 36˚ 30' within the Louisiana Territory (1820)
Compromise of 1850
(1) California admitted as free state, (2) slave trade abolished in DC, and (3) new fugitive slave law; advocated by Henry Clay and Stephen A. Douglas
Harriet Beecher Stowe, Uncle Tom's Cabin
depicted the evils of slavery (splitting of families and physical abuse); increased participation in abolitionist movement, condemned by South
Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad
Set up a network of white and African American abolitionists who helped slave escape to freedom in the North or Canada. She was the most famous and successful conductor.
Freedman's Bureau, 1865
Set up to help freedmen and white refugees after Civil War. Provided food, clothing, medical care, and education. First to establish schools for blacks to learn to read as thousands of teachers from the north came south to help. Lasted from 1865-72. Attacked by KKK and other southerners as "carpetbaggers" Encouraged former plantation owners to rebuild their plantations, urged freed Blacks to gain employment, kept an eye on contracts between labor and management, etc
13th Amendment (1865)
Abolition of slavery w/o compensation for slave-owners
14th Amendment (1868)
citizenship, due process, equal protection
15th Amendment (1870)
U.S. cannot prevent a person from voting because of race, color, or creed
Reconstruction strategy that was based on severely punishing South for causing war (e.g. 50% iron clad oath
Slave Power Conspiracy
the idea that the South was engaged in a conspiracy to extend slavery throughout the nation and thus to destroy the openness of northern capitalism and replace it with the closed, aristocratic system of the south, and the only solution was to fight the spread of slavery and extend the nation's democratic ideals to all sections of the country.
Spot Resolutions (1847)
Offered by Abraham Lincoln requesting that Polk provide Congress with the exact location (the "spot") upon which blood was spilt on American soil; called into question Polk's conduct during the Mexican-American War. Felt the war had been started as conspiracy to get more land where slavery would be legal.
Wilmot Proviso (1846)
Amendment that sought to prohibit slavery from territories acquired from Mexico. Introduced by Pennsylvania congressman David Wilmot, the failed amendment ratcheted up tensions between North and South over the issue of slavery.
The Compromise of 1877 resulted in
the withdrawal of federal troops from the South
literacy tests and poll taxes
were used to prevent African Americans from voting
A clause in registration laws allowing people who do not meet registration requirements to vote if they or their ancestors had voted before 1867. Allowed whites to vote even of the they were "illiterate"
Name given to Southern Democrats after Reconstruction that brought white supremacy back to the South
KKK (Ku Klux Klan)
organization that promotes hatred and discrimination against specific ethnic and religious groups
William Lloyd Garrison; The Liberator
A Northern abolitionist who created "The Liberator" an abolitionist newspaper made to unify and amplify the abolitionist movement.
Escaped slave and great black abolitionist who fought to end slavery through political action - part of the abolitionist press
He was a black abolitionist who called for the immediate emancipation of slaves. He wrote the "Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World." It called for a bloody end to white supremacy. He believed that the only way to end slavery was for slaves to physically revolt.
Great Awakening (1739-1744)
A sudden outbreak of religious fervor that swept through the colonies. One of the first events to unify the colonies. Led to the challenge of religious hierarchy and theology.
Nullification Crisis of 1832
When southern states attempted to nullify the Tariff Act of 1832
Followers of a belief which stressed self-reliance, self- culture, self-discipline, and that knowledge transcends instead of coming by reason. They promoted the belief of individualism and caused an array of humanitarian reforms.
Tireless reformer, who worked mightily to improve the treatment of the mentally ill. Appointed superintendant of women nurses for the Union forces.