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Arts and Humanities
Stained Glass Final
Terms in this set (44)
The exact turn of events in the history of glass making is difficult to ascertain. It was most likely refined in ____1___ and surrounding regions, where the basic raw material, ______2_____, was present in ample supply.
1) Egypt 2) Silica sand
Shards of glass unearthed in Egypt, Iraq and Saudi Arabia have been dated to as early as __________ B.C.
Many centuries later the glass blowers "blowpipe" was developed and is still in use today, producing a desirable type of stained glass, called ______ ______ ______ ______ sheet glass.
mouth blown full- antique
To produce a flat sheet of glass in this time honored mouth blown method, molten glass is gathers on the end of a ____1_____ and formed into a large ball by blowing and rotating the gather through a series of wooden _____2____.
1) Blowpipe 2) Molds
The ball is then finished into a ______ by a master craftsman.
This cylinder is then split _____________ placed into an annealing kiln, re-heated, and laid flat to create a sheet.
The basic raw materials used to produce glass are ____1_____ or quartz, sand, limestone, ____2___, and potash.
1) Silica 2) Soda
The colors are created by adding _______1______ to the bath such as _______2______ is added for ruby and pink.
1) Metal oxides 2) Gold oxide
The vast majority of colored glass manufactured throughout the world is manufactured by the _____1_____ forming method. The base layer of molten glass is poured onto a steal ___2___ where other _______3_______ may be added and swirled together. The molten mixture is then sent through the _______4______ and formed into a _______5______ sheet.
1) Roll 2) Table 3) Glass colors 4) Roller 5) Flat
This is a roll formed glass, very uniform in thickness, transparent or semi-transparent and available in single or multi-color mixtures.
This glass is easily identified by a milky or opal-like appearance. Some sheets transit little or no light, while others are semi-transparent.
Produced in time honored mouth blown method, this glass features brilliant, transparent colors and a distinctive fire-polished finish.
Full Antique Glass
This glass is created by gathering a base color of molten glass on the blow pipe, then adding a layer of a darker color before the blowing and shaping takes place. A finished sheet of this glass has a base of one color (or clear) with a thin layer of a darker color on one side only.
Flasked Antique Glass
Stained glass artisans require two very different skills commonly referred to as ______ and _____.
arts and crafts
The ______ part is the physical hands-on construction or the project.
The ______ part is conceptual and involves selection of the design and all related creative decisions.
There are rules for color _______ to aid in some decisions.
Before you visit the glass supply bins, ______ a small sketch of your design with colored pencils.
Sometimes the design itself or the _____1____ of your project will dictate the _____2_____ theme.
1) Function 2) Color
First settle on a color that will be ____1____, the build on the base ____2_____
1) Dominant 2) Color
Start picking the glass for your ________ color and build around it.
The ________________ is a clever design tool which greatly simplifies many color decisions.
There are three primary colors, _____,______ and _______.
Red, Blue, Yellow
Between these colors are three secondary color mixes, ________, _________ and ________.
Green, orange, and violet
In theory, the combinations are ________.
The important thing to remember is that every _______ can be found somewhere on the _____________.
Color, color wheel
To use the wheel, first locate the position of your _________ color, then find the color which can be _______ with it.
__________ colors are found adjacent to the target color (on either side).
___________ colors are 1/3 of the way around the wheel (in both directions).
____________ colors are directly across the wheel (on the opposite side).
t/f: Everyone knows that glass edges are extremely sharp
if there are children in your home it is strongly recommended that you make your glass studio _________________ to them.
electrical outlet: the preferred outlet is one with GFI (_______________ _________________ _______________) or at least, a power bar with a grounded plug and built-in-circuit _______________ rated for a max load of 15 amps.
ground fault interrupter, breaker
Good lighting: ______________ light is the best but often that is not an option. A good alternative is a ________________ fixture with full spectrum or daylight tubes for better color ____________________.
natural, fluorescent, values
Work Bench: the ideal height for a work bench is ______________ high.
Work surfaces: you will need a _______________ for glass cutting and project assembly.
tool box or tool rack: a standard chest-type tool box will hold the majority of your _____________ tools.
glass storage box or rack: heavy duty _________________ boxes can be modified to hold a small amount of glass. If you have a permanent space, the ideal solution is a custom built work bench and _________________ storage rack.
your studio should be in a room that does not have __________________. No matter how careful you are, glass chips will fall to the floor and it is very difficult to get all of them out.
you will need some _______________ to pull the toxic soldering fumes away from your _____________.
What is the wheel made of?
What is a standard glass cutter made out of?
Why is the better cutter different?
it is self lubricating and the reservoir hold the cutting oil so that you don't have to lubricate the cutter every time
What should you use to repeat a pattern multiple times
cutter guides and shape jigs
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