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AMERICAN HISTORY FINAL STUDY GUIDE
Terms in this set (47)
Know what the Mayflower Compact was and who wrote it.
First agreement for self-government in America; Signed by all 41 (pilgrim) men on Mayflower
Know who won the French and Indian War.
Know what Dutch settlement eventually became New York City.
Know what was discovered to fuel the economy of New France.
Know what colony was founded in 1607 and is considered the first England settlement in America.
Know what Triangular Trade was.
Triangular trading system between Europe, Africa, and the colonies.
Know what religious group wanted to purify the Church of England.
Know what the Middle Passage was.
Voyage to transport slaves from Africa to the Americas.
Know the 3 basic/natural rights that John Locke stated all people were entitled to have.
Life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness.
Know an example of direct tax and indirect tax imposed by the British.
Direct - Stamp Act
Indirect - Sugar Act
Know what writs of assistance were.
Search warrant allowing officers to enter locations for evidence of smuggling.
Know where the 'shot herd round the world' took place.
Know the name of the hit and run tactics the Colonists used in war.
Know the colonial name for the Coercive Acts.
Know the patriot who signed the Declaration first (and largest) for King George III to see.
Know what influential pamphlet Thomas Paine authored.
Know the name of the Colonist that helped draft the Declaration of Independence, as well as represented the Redcoats accused of murder in the Boston Massacre.
Know the name of the Colonial Renaissance Man of the Revolution... he was a painter, philosopher, inventor, political, and patriot.
Know the difference between an import and export.
Import - to bring in
Export - to send out
Know what right that cannot be taken away are called.
Know the difference between a Patriot and a Loyalist.
Patriot - supports/defends their country
Loyalist - remains loyal to Britain
Know what popular sovereignty means.
ruled by the people
Know what the New Jersey Plan stated.
called to revise the Articles & make central government stronger.
Know the major problems with the Articles of Confederation.
Lack of power given to the Federal Government.
Know who presided over the Constitutional Convention.
Know where the Constitutional Convention was held.
Know who fought in the War of 1812.
U.S. and Great Britain
Know what people who followed the Temperance Movement believed.
Criticize alcohol and promote abstinence of it.
Know what happened at the Seneca Falls Convention.
Women went to try to get women to vote.
Know what the Trial of Tears was.
Cherokee nation migrated to Oklahoma.
Know what John O'Sullivan is known for. What does this mean?
Used term "manifest destiny" which means the U.S. had a God given destiny to spread from the Atlantic coast to the Pacific coast.
Know the geographical features of the land included in the Gadsden Purchase.
Desert, canyon, flat.
Know who started an abolitionist newspaper entitled, "The Liberator."
William Lloyd Garrison
Know what land was acquired and how much the U.S. paid in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
Mexico was acquired; U.S. paid $15 million
Know what invention in 1793 helped to boom cotton production in the South? Who invented it?
Cotton gin; Eli Whitney
Know the name of the slave who led a revolt in Virginia and was killed because of it.
Know the name of the Native American guide who helped Lewis and Clark on their expedition.
Know who started the Underground Railroad and was the primary conductor.
Know the President of the Union during the Civil War.
Know why John Wilkes Booth is significant to the Civil War.
Assassinated Abraham Lincoln.
Know the name of the northern abolitionist who planned on raiding an armory at Harper's Ferry and arming slaves for an uprising.
Know who Frederick Douglass was.
An escaped slave and wrote the North Star.
Know what city on the Georgia coast was the eventual goal of Sherman's March to the Sea.
Know the name of the statement given by Lincoln after the Union victory at Antietam.
Know who Thaddeus Stevens was and what Amendment he fought tirelessly to pass.
Led the Radical Republicans with Charles Sumner; fought to abolish slavery.
Know all of the strengths and weaknesses of the Union.
Strengths - bigger army, more factories and money, had a supportive government.
Weaknesses - terrible leaders, population didn't support.
Know all the strengths and weaknesses of the Confederacy.
Strengths - had food and officers, good leaders, home-turf.
Weaknesses - had little money, half of railroads, drove France & England away from war.
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