40 terms

SOC 323 Quiz #3, SOC 323 Quiz #4, SOC 323 Quiz #5, SOC 323 Quiz #6

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Gendered Racism
________ refers to the expectations about appropriate behavior for males and females that vary along racial lines.
Ethnocentrism
_________ refers to the belief that one's own culture or group's ways of doing things are superior to others and is one of the necessary conditions for racial/ethnic inequality to emerge.
Africans were enslaved due to anti-black racism
Which of the following is NOT one of the reasons Africans were originally enslaved in the New World.
False
Contact between different racial/ethnic groups leads inevitably to racial/ethnic inequality.
True
In order to understand race, racism, and race relations today, social scientists argue that it is important to take history into account in order to understand why these patterns of racial inequality first arose and the ways they influence race relations today.
Unions
Which of the following is a way white workers have been able to maintain a split labor market and secure a dominant position in the labor market for themselves?
All of the above groups resisted their oppression and exploitation in some way
Which of the following racial/ethnic minority groups did NOT resist their oppression and exploitation?
Split Labor Market
The __________ perspective on racial/ethnic inequality emphasizes that white workers fuel antagonisms between racial groups in the labor force which ultimately benefit them as white workers.
True
The world has not always been "raced;" meaning societies have not always been organized along the lines of physical features such as skin color with economic, political, social, and psychological rewards awarded or denied along such lines.
Stereotypes
Cultural ideologies are fueled through _______, which are exaggerated and/or simplified portrayals of an entire group of people, based upon misinformation or mischaracterizations
NACCP Efforts
Racial resegregation occurs in public schools today due to many factors. Which of the following has NOT directly contributed to resegregation:
brings about an understanding of how the rules, ideologies, values. and norms of our society are all constructed by white people, yet appear race neutral

brings about an understanding of how white standards affect our interpretations of ourselves and others

explains how most educational institutions can be understood as racialized spaces, thus campuses themselves are examples of whiteness in education
In sociology, whiteness studies:
The Bureau of Indian Affairs did not approve of the boarding school movement.
Which statement is NOT true regarding the boarding school movement and the systematic resocialization of Indian children:
Busing
Although the Brown decision technically mandated an end to segregation in 1954, white resistance to school desegregation took many forms. Which example below was NOT a form of white resistance?
Social Network
An example of a person's social capital is their _____________.
the cultural competencies of whites is seen as the cultural norm
Critical race theory argues that:
Segregation
After the Civil War when public education was finally extended to minorities in the United States, it was substandard. One of the most powerful and effective ways that minority groups fought this inequality was through:
it was legal to have segregation in schools.
In Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) the Court declared that states could continue to enforce racial segregation as long as the facilities provided for each race were equal. This meant:
oppositional identity

model minority

street identity
Racial/ethnic group members negotiate their school identities in the school environment differently than white students. Which of the following is an example of the different school identities developed by some racial/ethnic minority students?
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954)
Which historical Supreme Court decision has had the most significant impact on desegregation in American schools nationwide?
-labeling areas of the city that are predominantly black as risky to creditors
-through the use of restrictive covenants, or language on a deed that obligates the buyer not to sell the home to a specific group
The Federal Housing Association (FHA) actually encouraged residential discrimination in which of the following ways?
Deindustrialization
During the 1970s, the U.S. went through an economic restructuring in which manufacturing jobs moved out of unionized states and into non-unionized states or to Third World locations for cheaper labor. This process is called:
Spatial Mismatch Thesis
Sociologist William Julius Wilson (1987) coined the term _____________ to describe a phenomenon in which blue-collar manufacturing jobs, which require less education, move far away from the population of people limited to these skills.
white workers earn more than non-white workers, for the same education, skills, and experience
The racial wage gap refers to the fact that ___________:
Affirmative action
_______ is not a single policy but instead a collection of policies that are specifically designed to promote equal employment opportunities for women and racial minorities.
policies have interfered with the ability of black Americans to accumulate wealth
Sociologists Oliver and Shapiro (1995) use the term racialization of the state to explain how:
Wealth
_________ refers to a person's assets, which includes savings, retirement accounts and the equity in one's home. It is cumulative and passed down through generations.
Racial Apathy
Sociologists use the term __________ to describe when whites object to or have a complete lack of feeling toward social policies and programs designed to address racial/ethnic inequalities:
True
By 1976, an estimated 24-42% of Indian women of childbearing age were sterilized, many without their knowledge.
Racial wealth gap
Racial disparity in wealth accumulation is best described as:
"war on drugs" political movement
Which of the following is the greatest factor contributing to the growing prison population in the United States:
True
In the U.S., African Americans, Latinos, and Native Americans are imprisoned at higher rates than are whites, despite the fact that whites make up the bulk of arrests
-racial/ethnic minorities are underrepresented in corporate America
-poverty
-law enforcement is better trained to apprehend street criminals rather than white-collar criminals
Conflict theorists discovered that lower-class African Americans and Hispanics tend to commit more street crimes and middle and upper-middle class white individuals tend to commit more white-collar crime. Which explanation describes this race-crime link best?
-it makes a person unqualified for a wide variety of jobs
-means employers and government agencies can legally discriminate even though the person has served their time
-makes a person unqualified for government assistance
A felony conviction can be a major hurdle when a person is released from prison because:
Prison Industrial Complex
______________ is the best term to describe the interconnectedness of politicians, government, and private industry and the incentives associated with a commitment to increasing spending on the prison industry, even as crimes decrease.
Racial Profiling
When a person comes under police attention primarily due to their race this is known as:
Conflict Theory
In explaining racial inequality in the criminal justice system, which theoretical perspective primarily argues that the law is used to maintain dominant group power in society and is a form of social control of subordinate groups?
Critical Race Theory
In regards to racial inequality in the criminal justice system, which sociological theory primarily argues that legal reasoning and constitutional law reflect a white view of the world:
Pretextual Traffic Stops
When police use minor traffic violations as reasons to stop a minority to search for drugs, it is known as:
Incarceration rates are so high that it is a defining feature of entire communities.
Which of the following is true about mass incarceration in the U.S.?