65 terms

US STAAR EOC 11th Grade people

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Benjamin Rush
Sons of Liberty Member, signed Declaration of Independence, supported Federal Constitution, 1745?- 1813 patriot and doctor; signer of the Declaration of Independence and strong supporter of the Constitution (founding father)
John Hancock
Easily recognized signature from declaration of Indpendence, President of Contintental Congress, A merchant, statesman, and prominent Patriot of the American Revolution. Served as president of the Second Continental Congress and was one of Boston's leaders during the crisis that led to the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War. Famous for writing his signature in a large fashion on the Declaration of Independence. (founding father)
John Jay
wrote the federalist where he supported a federalist constitution , American delegate who signed Treaty of Paris; New York lawyer and diplomat who negotiated with Britain and Spain on behalf of the Confederation; he later became the first chief justice of the Supreme Court and negotiated the Jay Treaty (founding father)
John Witherspoon
Member of the first congress voted for declaration of independence, American Revolutionary leader and educator (born in Scotland) who was a signer of the Declaration of Independence and president of the college that became Princeton University (Founding Father)
John Peter Muhlenberg
an American clergyman, Continental Army soldier during the American Revolutionary War, he served in the United States House of Representatives and United States Senate from Pennsylvania; (Founding father)
Charles Carroll
Signer of the Declaration of Independence who showed patriotism at the time of the Revolutionary War helping to pave the way for a greater acceptance of Catholics in the new nation (founding faher)
Jonathan Trumbull Sr.
Was an advisor to George Washington throughout the Revolutionary War. Was the only colonial governor to continue in office throughout the American Revolution. (founding father)
Martin Luther King Jr.
U.S. Baptist minister and civil rights leader. A noted orator, he opposed discrimination against blacks by organizing nonviolent resistance and peaceful mass demonstrations. He was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. Nobel Peace Prize (Civil Rights)
Barack Obama
2008; Democrat; first African American president of the US, health care bill; Gulf of Mexico oil spill disaster; economy: huge stimulus package to combat the great recession, is removing troops from Iraq, strengthened numbers in Afghanistan; repeal of Don't Ask Don't Tell; New Start treaty with Russia (Modern Times)
Henry Cabot Lodge
Henry Cabot Lodge was a Republican who disagreed with the Versailles Treaty, and who was the chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. He mostly disagreed with the section that called for the League to protect a member who was being threatened. (WWI)
Alfred Thayer Mahan
Navy officer whose ideas on naval warfare and the importance of sea-power changed how America viewed its navy (Imperialism)
Theodore Roosevelt
26th President of the United States, 26th president, known for: conservationism, trust-busting, "Big Stick" Policy, safe food regulations, "Square Deal," Panama Canal, Great White Fleet, Nobel Peace Prize for negotiation of peace in Russo-Japanese War (Progressive and Imperialism)
Sanford B. Dole
1894 wealthy, plantation owner and politician who was named President of New Republic of Hawaii. He asked US to annex Hawaii. (Imperialism)
General John J. Pershing
A general officer in the United States Army, he led the American Expeditionary Forces into battle during WWI. He was the first person to be promoted in his own lifetime to the highest rank that can be held in the United States Military, the General of the Armies. (Imperialism)
Upton Sinclair
muckraker who shocked the nation when he published The Jungle, a novel that revealed gruesome details about the meat packing industry in Chicago. The book was fiction but based on the things Sinclair had seen. (Progressive)
Susan B. Anthony
(1820-1906) An early leader of the women's suffrage (right to vote) movement, co-founded the National Women's Suffrage Association with Elizabeth Cady Stnaton in 1869. (Progressive)
Ida B. Wells
African American journalist. published statistics about lynching, urged African Americans to protest by refusing to ride streetcars or shop in white owned stores (progressive)
W.E.B. DuBois
He believed that African Americans should strive for full rights immediately. He helped found the Niagara Movement in 1905 to fight for equal rights. He also helped found the NAACP. (progressive)
Clarence Darrow
A famed criminal defense lawyer for Scopes, who supported evolution. He caused William Jennings Bryan to appear foolish when Darrow questioned Bryan about the Bible. (1920s)
William Jennings Bryan
United States lawyer and politician who advocated free silver and prosecuted John Scopes (1925) for teaching evolution in a Tennessee high school (1920s)
Henry Ford
1863-1947. American businessman, founder of Ford Motor Company, father of modern assembly lines, and inventor credited with 161 patents. (1920s)
Glenn Curtiss
Was an American aviation pioneer and founder of the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company, now part of Curtiss-Wright Corporation. His company sold the first airplanes in the USA. Huge industrial enterprise during WWI (WWI)
Marcus Garvey
African American leader durin the 1920s who founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and advocated mass migration of African Americans back to Africa. Was deported to Jamaica in 1927. (1920s)
Charles A. Lindberg
Aviator who in 1927 made the first transatlantic solo flight from New York to Paris in thirty-three hours and thirty minutes, a significant triumph for the young aviation industry. (1920s)
Franklin D. Roosevelt
(1882-1945) Thirty-second president of the United States; he was elected president four times. He led the United States during the major crises of the Great Depression and World War II. Created a New Deal during The Great Depression, Gave fireside chats, gave day of infamy speech to declare war on Japan (Great Depression and WWII)
Harry Truman
1945-1953, Democrat, Missouri, Atomic bomb attack on Japan ended WWII. Fair Deal to extend New Deal; Truman Doctrine to contain communisn, Marshall Plan to rebuild economies in Europe, NATO, unexpected election victory in 1948 after campaigning against "do-nothing" Republican Congress, sent troops to Kores (WWII & Cold War)
Omar Bradley
army general; commander of all American forces in Europe, D-Day, Was Ike's "eyes and ears" (WWII)
Dwight Eisenhower
Supreme Allied Commander of WWII, leader of D-Day, President after Truman, Ended Korean War, integrated the army; Maintained peaceful coexistence with USSR; Interstate Highway Act
(WWII, Cold War, 1950s)
Douglas MacArther
a WWII(I shall return) hero who was appointed by the allies to oversee occupation in japan. he led the island hopping campaign in the pacific, got fired by Truman for speaking against Truman's policy for Korean War (WWII and Cold War)
Chester W. Nimitz
Leader in WW2 Admiral of the US Pacific fleet became famous at battle of midway (WWII)
George Patton
Allied Commander of the Third Army. Was instrumental in winning the Battle of the Bulge. Considered one of the best military commanders in American history. (WWII)
Tuskegee Airmen
332 Fighter Group famous for shooting down over 200 enemy planes. African American pilots who trained at the Tuskegee flying school. (WWII)
Flying Tigers
1st American Volunteer Group (AVG) of the Chinese Air Force; trained in Burma before the American entry into World War II with the intention of defending China against Japanese forces (WWII)
Navajo Code Talkers
Native Americans from the Navajo tribe used their own language to make a code for the U.S. military that the Japanese could not desipher (WWII)
Cesar Chavez
(1) Mexican-American migrant farm worker & founder of the United Farm Workers Organizing Committee in 1963; (2) helped exploited Chicano workers with his successful "boycott grapes" movement that led to better pay, limits on the use of toxic fertilizers, and recognition of farm workers' collective bargaining right (civil rights)
Rosa Parks
Refused to give up her seat to a white passenger. After she was jailed, the Montgomery bus boycott was organized. (civil rights)
Hector P. Garcia
Who was a key Texas WWII figure who founded the American GI forum, fought discrimination against Hispanics and promoted their involvement in state and national politics (WWII)
Betty Friedan
American feminist, activist and writer. Best known for starting the "Second Wave" of feminism through the writing of her book "The Feminine Mystique". (1960s)
George Wallace
A third party ticket candidate for the American Independent party in 1968 that lost against Nixon. He was a former governor of Alabama and had stood in the doorway to prevent black students from entering the University of Alabama. pro-segregation (civil rights)
Orval Faubus
Arkansas governor who called out the National Guard to prevent nine black students from entering Little Rock's Central High School under federal court order. (civil rights)
Lester Maddox
He was a segregationist who became governor. He appointed blacks to state boards and commissions. He reformed state prisons, and increased spending on teacher salaries. (civil rights)
Richard M. Nixon
He initially escalated the Vietnam War, overseeing secret bombing campaigns, but soon withdrew American troops and successfully negotiated a ceasefire with North Vietnam, effectively ending American involvement in the war. resigned due to Watergate Scandal. Created Detente and visited PRC.
(1960s and 1970s)
Ronald Reagan
He ran on a campaign based on the common man and he participated in the McCarthy Communist scare. Iran released hostages on his Inauguration Day in 1980. While president, he developed Reagannomics, the trickle down effect of government incentives. He cut out many welfare and public works programs. He used the Strategic Defense Initiative to avoid conflict. His meetings with Gorbachev were the first steps to ending the Cold War. He was also responsible for the Iran-contra Affair which bought hostages with guns.
(1980s)
Phyllis Schlafly
Anti-feminist who led the campaign to defeat the ERA claiming it would undermine the american family (1980s)
Bill Gates
American computer software designer who Co-founded Microsoft and built it into one of the Largest computer software manufacturers Entrepreneur and philanthropist (modern times)
Sam Walton
was a businessman, entrepreneur, best known for founding the retailers Walmart and Sam's Club. (modern times)
Estée Lauder
Estee Lauder is one of the wealthiest self-made women in America. Entrepreneur who built her cosmetics empire on the dream of every woman: to feel beautiful (modern times)
Robert Johnson
African American businessman, Entrepreneur, founder of Black Entertainment Television (BET), and the first African American majority owner of a major professional sports team in the United States. (modern Times)
Lionel Sosa
founded the largest Hispanic advertising agency in the United States. (modern times)
Alexis de Tocqueville
Came from France to America in 1831, observed democracy in government and society. His book discusses the advantages and disadvantages of democracy and consequences of the majority's unlimited power. First to raise topics of American practicality over theory, the industrial aristocracy, and the conflict between the masses and individuals. (early times)
Andrew Carnegie
..., Creates Carnegie Steel. Gets bought out by banker JP Morgan and renamed U.S. Steel. Andrew Carnegie used vertical integration by buying all the steps needed for production. Was a philanthropist. Was one of the "Robber barons" (gilded age)
Thurgood Marshall
American civil rights lawyer, first black justice on the Supreme Court of the United States. Marshall was a tireless advocate for the rights of minorities and the poor. lawyer in Brown vs. Board of Education (civil rights)
Billy Graham
An Evangelist fundamentalism preacher who gained a wide following in the 1950s with his appearances across the country and overseas during and after the war. He would commonly appear at religious rallies and allowed people to connect with and appreciate religion even more, causing thousands to attend his sermons. (1950s)
Barry Goldwater
1964; Republican contender against LBJ for presidency; platform included lessening federal involvement, therefore opposing Civil Rights Act of 1964; lost by largest margin in history (civil rights)
Sandra Day O'Connor
(b. 1930) Arizona state senator from 1969 to 1974, appointed to the Arizona Court of Appeals in 1979. Reagan appointed her to the U.S. Supreme Court, making her the first female Justice of the Supreme Court. (1980s)
Hillary Clinton
First Lady from 1992-2000; maintained a significant career as First Lady; attacked by conservatives and anti-feminists; took leading role in government affairs; promoted equality of sexes, was a nominee for presidental election, but lost the nomination to Barrack Obama in 2008
(modern times)
Frances Willard
Became leader of the WCTU. She worked to educate people about the evils of alcohol. She urged laws banning the sale of liquor. Also worked to outlaw saloons as step towards strengthening democracy. (Progressive)
Jane Addams
1860-1935. Founder of Settlement House Movement. First American Woman to earn Nobel Peace Prize in 1931 as president of Women's Intenational League for Peace and Freedom. HULL HOUSE (progressive)
Eleanor Roosevelt
FDR's Wife and New Deal supporter. Was a great supporter of civil rights and opposed the Jim Crow laws. She also worked for birth control and better conditions for working women ( great depression and WWII)
Dolores Huerta
Organized Union Farm Workers (UFW) with Cesar Chavez; helped Mexican farmworkers gain better pay & working conditions (civil rights)
Sonia Sotomayor
Appointed by President Obama in 2009, first Hispanic Supreme Court Justice
(modern people)
Oprah Winfrey
African American History - In the 2008 presidential election, this Chicago-based interviewer publicly endorsed this political candidate. Her support was crucial to his winning the Democratic nomination -- and the Presidency itself. philanthropist (modern people)
Vernon J. Baker
For extraordinary heroism in action, Baker demonstrated outstanding courage and leadership in destroying enemy installations, personnel and equipment during his company's attack against a strongly entrenched enemy (WWII)
Alvin York
killed 25 machine-gunners and captured 132 German soldiers when his soldiers took cover; won Congressional Medal of Freedom (WWI)
Roy Benavidez
A war hero of Vietnam, who had been presented with the Congressional Medal of Honor by Reagan. (1980s)