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World History Midterm - Short Answers
Terms in this set (46)
About 60,000 years ago, what did the Neanderthals conduct in Shandidar cave, which is in modern Iraq? In your opinion, why is that significant?
A funeral in a cave with a grave which means people cared about each other, and they believed in religion.
Name the FOUR regions where farming developed in the Neolithic period. Also, name AT LEAST TWO vegetables grown in these regions.
Mexico: Corn, Beans, Squash
Africa: Wheat, Barley, Peru, Tomatoes, White potatoes Sweet potatoes
China: Rice, Millet
Explain how (and how) government officials, priests and merchants developed written language?
Invented cuneiform which means wedge shaped
What THREE modern countries make up the Fertile Crescent c. 2500 BCE?
syria, Iraq, and Turkey
What were the THREE disadvantages to this environment?
Unpredictable flooding became desert too
No barriers so villiage was defenseless
Natural resources scarce
Explain how the Sumerians dealt with problems through "Organization." (Three answers.)
Dug irrigation ditches
Built city walls with mud bricks
Got natural resources from trading
Explain TWO differences between Sumerian and Egyptian Civilizations.
Sumerians not united while egyptians were
Believed kings were god in egypt unlike mesopotamia
What happened ever July to the Nile River?
it flooded and brought silt
Who said that Egypt was the "Gift of the Nile?"
Why do historians not know as much about the Indus Civilization as they do about Egypt and Sumer?
It washed away from floods, and they haven't deciphered writing system yet.
What existed in every home in Mohenjo-Daro?
a private bathroom and toilet
Why is Harappan language so difficult to decipher?
There was not a tablet that translated the language to another (otherwise a bilingual tablet)
How did the Chinese view outsiders?
What was the most important familial virtue?
Respect for one's parents
What was the result of the Persian Wars from the Athenian perspective?
It was a glorious victory.
What significant event occurred at Thermopylae?
A small amount of spartans held off a much bigger persian army for many days
Describe the story of the founding of Ancient Rome by Romulus and Remus.
Left as infants at tiber river
Raised by she-wolf
Built city near spot
Chosen for strategic location and fertile soil
Who raided Englishmen in the 800s?
How were the Americans able to achieve victory in the Revolution?
They had help from France
They just had to defend the homeland
Brits had more expensive war
How far had Suleyman's empire expanded by 1526.
Expanded to central eu and into africa
What did the Japanese emperor have to declare?
that he was not divine
In the postwar world, how did some enemies become friends and some friends become enemies?
Japan allied with Germany and Italy and allies together
End of WWII US and Japs become friends
Us and Russia became enemies
Us and Russia had communism and capitalism which are opposites
Us and japanese have same mindset with democracy
How is Hinduism different than Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism?
Cannot be traced back to one founder with a single set of ideas
Describe the worshiping freedom that Hindus have.
It frees the soul from illusions, disappointments, and mistakes of everyday life
Describe how karma functions with your position in a caste society.
It influences health wealth and poverty
Describe the Four Noble Truths.
Life is filled with suffering and sorrow
2 Suffering is caused by desire for temporary things
3 Suffering= end desires
4 Follow eightfold path which middle way between path of desires and self-denial
Where did God give the Ten Commandments to Moses?
How long did the Hebrews wander in the desert?
What are the Five Pillars of Islam?
What members of society were especially attracted to Jesus' message?
What happened in 66 AD?
a band of jews rebelled against Rome
What are the five "basic relationships" of Confucius?How is Abraham a link to Islam, Christianity and Judaism?
He was the father of monotheism
What are 5 basic relationshsips of confusim?
ruler and subject
father and son
husband and wife
older and younger brother
friend and friend
Describe the social environment in China when Confucius was born?
violence and crisis, time of decline for zhou
How did fleas and rats spread the disease?
They easily could do this because medieval people were very unsanitary and the rats would carry the fleas with the virus
What would be established by 1917 in China?
a full constitutional government
What neighbor pressured China in the early 20th century?
What kind of governmental system was not utilized in Saudi Arabia?
What product did the rest of the world from the Middle East demand?
What did modern geologists learn about land around the Persian Gulf?
It had ⅔ of the known world supply of oil
What two European nations tried to dominate this area in the years leading up to World War Two?
Italy and Germany
Who sought their own state at the end of WW2?
Describe the Jewish and Palestinian ideas of ownership over Palestine.
The jews wanted a nation and the palestinians didn't
What happened on 5/14/48?
ISrael became a nation
What was the significance of the town of Aqaba?
It was israel's only outlet to the red sea
What are four things that Israel gained with the Six Days War?
The consequences were the control of the holy city of Jerusalem the sinai peninsula the golan heights and the west bank.
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