Upgrade to remove ads
Politics of the United States
Terms in this set (150)
Which principle of government was at the center of conflict during the Nullification crisis?
Which principle states that the government governs with the consent of the governed?
What is the supreme law of the land?
Which principle is reflected by the division of powers between the national and state governments?
Government can only excersise the powers that are given to it.
Separation of Powers
A government's powers are divided across independent branches.
Checks and Balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power.
What branch is Article II about?
The Executive Branch
What branch is Article I about?
The legislative branch
What branch is Article III about?
Who wanted the Constitution to be ratified?
Opposed the Constitution being ratified
Thought powers given to the national government would end the problems of the articles of confederation
Thought federal power was limited and defined.
Thought states had little role in any real governance
Based on their argument during the ratification debate, which statement describes what the Anti-Federalists would have thought about the Force Bill?
Anti-Federalists would have sided with South Carolina becasue they opposed an overly powerful federal government
How did the passage of the Force Bill impact the principle of federalism?
The passage expanded the power of the federal government in relation to state governments.
The 4th Amendment protects against unreasonable searches and seizures.
The 2nd Amendment states that soldiers shall not be quartered without the consent of the governed.
The 1st Amendment protects the right to petition the government.
What are the first ten amendments to the Constitution called?
Bill of Rights
Which amendment limited the jurisdiction of the federal courts?
Which amendment established the direct election of senators?
Which amendment extended suffrage to women?
Which amendment limited presidents to two terms?
Which amendment created a federal income tax?
Freedom of Religion, Press, Speech, Assembly, Petition
Right to keep and bear arms
Right to not have to quarter Soldiers and seizures
Right to be free from un-reasonable searches and seizures
Right to grand jury indictment, no double jeopardy, freedom from self-incrimination, due process of law
Right to be in-formed of charges be present when wit-nesses speak in court, to call defense witnesses, to have a lawyer.
Right to a jury trial in civil cases
Freedom from excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishment
Guarantee of rights not listed in Constitution
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
Amendment Eleven (1795)
Limits Jurisdiction of the federal courts
Amendment Twelve (1804)
Election of the President(Election Procedures)
Amendment Thirteen (1865)
Abolition of slavery
Amendment Fourteen (1868)
Every person born in the U.S. is a citizen
Amendment Fifteen (1870)
A citizens right to vote cannot be taken away because of race, color, or becasue they were previously slaves.
Amendment sixteen (1913)
Authorized Congress to collect taxes.
Amendment seventeen (1913)
Direct election of the senators by the people.
Amendment eighteen (1919)
Banned all alcohol across the nation
Amendment nineteen (1920)
Guaranteed women the right to vote
Amendment twenty (1933)
Changed day of congress meeting and start for president term.
Amendment twenty one (1933)
Repealed prohibition of alcohol
Amendment Twenty Two (1951)
Limitation on presidential term of office to 2 terms
Amendment twenty three (1961)
Voters in Washington D.C. given the right to vote for presidential electors
Amendment twenty four (1964)
Abolition of poll taxes
Amendment twenty five (1967)
States what happens in a case of president disability
Amendment Twenty Six (1971)
18 year olds given the right to vote
Amendment Twenty seven (1992)
Limits the power of Congress to increase its own salaries
Suffrage Amendments (Voting Rights)
15th, 19th, 23rd, 24th, 26th
Executive Branch Amendements
12th, 20th, 22nd, 23rd, 25th
13th, 14th, 15th
16th, 17th, 18th, 19th
11th, 21th, 27th
Which branch is responsible for passing legislation?
Which branch has the right to veto legislation?
When legislation become law, which branch has the right to interpret the law?
When legislation become law, which branch has the right to apply the law to individual cases?
Which branch of the US federal government conducts oversight investigations?
Which of the following best describes the role of the Conference Committee in the process of a bill becoming a law?
Allows for the House and Senate to "compromise" on different versions of a bill.
review by the US Supreme Court of the constitutional validity of a legislative act.
Which of the following presidential titles best fits the president's role as the primary figure in promoting and maintaining relationships with foreign nations?
Which branch of the US federal government enforce the laws?
Secretary of State
Works with foreign countries, decides on travel to countries, and protects U.S. citizens abroad
Secretary of Treasury
Has charge of the fiscal (money) responsibilities of the government, the Secret Service, and the collection of taxes
Secretary of Defense
Sees that the nation is protected against its enemies and which works closely with all branches of the armed forces
The President's main legal advisor, sees that the laws are enforced and that the people receive justice, may appoint special investigation teams
Secretary of Homeland Security
Prevents and disrupt terrorist attacks; protect the American people, our critical infrastructure, and key resources; and respond to and recover from incidents that do occur
A writ of certiorari
A request that the Supreme Court order a lower court to send up the record of the case for review.
A U.S. Supreme Court Justice's term limit is...?
During good behavior
The system of checks and balances established by the US Constitution can involve more than one branch checking another branch on one issue. Which example shows two branches of the federal government checking other branches?
Chief justice William Rehnquist presided over Congress' impeachment trial of President Clinton.
In which case did Supreme Court rule that "seperate but equal" facilities legal?
Plessy V. Ferguson
The legislative branch declared that segregation in public schools was unconstitutional.
The Supreme Court case Brown v. Board of Education in 1954 provided the constitutional for congress to later pass what law officialy ending racial segregation?
The Civil rights Act of 1964.
What is an example of a civic responsibility of citizens?
Serving on a jury
Which amendment to the constitution ended slavery?
The Supreme Court ruled that segregation in public schools was illegal in what case?
Brown v. Board of education
Which right does the responsibility of serving on a jury help safeguard?
Right to an impartial Jury
Which legal principle did the Supreme Court use to extend the bill of rights guarantee to state laws and to broaden civil rights protections for minorities?
Due process clause of the 14th amendment
Which of the following refers to a clause that denies the government the right, without due process, to deprive people of life, liberty, and property?
Due process of law
The ________ Act of 1965 ended the use of literacy tests as a requirement for voter registration in many cities and towns.
To desegregate whites-only lunch counters, college students used a non-violent protest tactic called what?
Which of the following refers to a standard of equal treatment that must be observed by the government?
Equal Protection of the Law
The executive branch sent in the National Guard to integrate schools to ensure that African Americans had access to public education.
What was the main focus if the civil rights movement?
Which of the following refers to court cases that apply Bill of Rights to states?
Many civil rights activists took ____________ on the interstate bus systems to see if they had been integrated like the Supreme Court ruled.
The executive branch sent the National Guard to enforce desegregation in the south during the Civil Rights Movement.
Which amendment provides equal protection of the law to all citizens?
The judicial branch passed a series of civil rights and voting rights acts to ensure that African Americans could exercise their right to vote.
Which amendment says that citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of their race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
Which of the following refers to the right of the people to speak, publish, and assemble?
Freedom of expression
Which statement is correct about the Ohio and US constitution?
The Ohio Constitution is consistent with the key principles of the US Constitution, but contains some laws that differ.
How did the adoption of the Ohio Constitution of 1851 weaken the power of the general assembly?
By establishing that major executive officials would be directly elected by the people.
The new Ohio Constitution took away some of the powers of the state legislature. Under Ohio's original constitution, state legislators had put Ohio into debt by lending money to canal, railroad, and turnpike companies owned by their friends.
How did the new constitution address this problem?
Created limits on the debt.
The state government has the power to regulate foreign trade.
The federal government has the independent power to ratify constitutional amendments.
The federal government has the sole power to conduct elections.
The state government has the power to conduct elections.
The federal government has the power to regulate foreign trade.
Since the Democratic-Republicans controlled the convention, which of the following was true?
Ohio's first state constitution established a relatively weak government with the legislative branch holding most of the power.
Under Ohio's original constitution, most Ohio citizens lacked the power to influence who would hold key judicial and executive officers. Which of the following was a solution to this problem?
Major executive officials and all judges were to be elected by popular vote.
Under the Ohio Constitution of 1851, legislative powers to enact retroactive laws were granted.
Most Ohio citizens lacked the power to influence who would hold key judicial offices.
All judges were to be elected by popular vote.
The Ohio Supreme Court found it difficult to meet its obligations.
District courts were created.
Ohio was burdened with debt
Tax funds could only be used for their stated purpose.
Most Ohio Citizens did not have the ability to influence who would hold key executive offices.
All judges were to be elected by popular vote.
The ohio constitution of 1851 banned poll taxes.
The ohio constitution of 1851 required major executive officials to be elected.
The judicial branch could appoint legislative officials under the 1851 Ohio Constitution.
According to the constitutions of Ohio and the US, which power is held by both the federal government and the Ohio government?
The Ohio Constitution of 1851 created district courts
Government creates a policy and people vote on if it should be passed.
People create policy and have it placed on the ballot for a vote. ( Ohio requires at least 1000 signatures).
Purchasing government securities, reducing discount rate, reducing requirement —-> Increase money supply, decrease interest rates, encourage consumer spending.
Selling government securities, increasing discount rate, increasing reserve requirement —-> Decrease money supply, increase interest rates, encourage consumer spending.
Managing the economy through the use of taxing and spending laws or programs. (Policies set by Congress)
The effort to shape the economy by controlling the amount of money and bank deposits and interest rates charged for money. (Policies set by the federal reserve).
What is an interest rate?
A set amount of money added to a loan amount as a charge for borrowing.
Which laws might affect your gross pay?
Minimum wage laws
The development of alternative energy sources because of finite oil reserves is an example of people and their government's addressing the economic issue of ______________________.
What is a Budget?
An estimate of expected income and expenses for a future period of time.
Which of the following would encourage economic contraction?
a. Raising the discount rate
b. Selling government securities
c. None of these are correct
d. Raising the reserve requirement
E. All of these are correct
All of these are correct
What is one way the Federal Reserve system regulates economic activity?
Regulating the amount of money in circulation
Which of the following would encourage economic growth?
Reducing the reserve requirement
The Federal Reserve is in charge of ...
... refers to the management of the economy with taxing and spending laws.
... refers to the management of the economy by altering the money supply and interest rates.
Why is it difficult for the federal government to make large cuts in spending?
The largest part of government spending is fixed and cannot be easily reduced
When Reagan created a large deficit and reduced unemployment the economic polic was most like which of the following?
Monetarism suggests that the government should
Have a steady, predictable increase in the money supply.
The belief that monetarism, supply side economics, and lower federal spending can improve the economy is called reganomics
Organizing a neighborhood watch patrol
Serving in the active-duty army or air force
Testifying before the U.S. Congress on a regional issue
Signing a petition to place an issue on the state ballot
Writing to the governor of their state about a new law
Attending a city council meeting
What happens when the laws of Ohio and federal laws contradict each other?
The US Constitution is followed.
Which of these is NOT a principle of the Constitution?
All people should be allowed to vote in democracy
Which amendment was brought about by the 4 term presidency of Franklin Delano Roosevelt?
The 17th Amendment addressed Progressive Era calls for reform. Identify which two headlines could have been written to support the ratification of the 17th Amendment.
The current method for electing senators is undemocratic
No party boss rule!
The 25th Amendment was ratified after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. Which issue, among others, did the 25th Amendment clarify?
how to fill the office of vice president when it is vacant
According to the 20th Amendment...
the meeting days for Congress shall start on or near January 3rd.
Supporters of the 23rd Amendment, especially those living in the affected area, would most likely had made which of the following familiar American Revolutionary statements?
"No Taxation Without Representation"
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
AG - Unit 2 Review: The US Constitution
The Constitution: The Supreme Law of the Land
The Constitutional Framework of US government
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Spanish Unit 3 (la ropa)
spanish unit 2 vocab
Spanish unit 1 vocab