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ITF/TTA Taekwon-Do 1st Degree Black Belt Test Required Knowledge
Terms in this set (152)
Means literally "the Heaven the Earth". It is, in Korea, interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history, therefore, it is the initial pattern played by the beginner. This pattern consists of two similar parts; one to represent the Heaven and the other the Earth.
Named after the holy Dan-Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year of 2333 B.C.
Is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho (1876-1938). The 24 movements represent his entire life which he devoted to furthering the education of Korea and its independence movement.
Was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year of 686 A.D.
Is the pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar Yi I (1536-1584) nicknamed the "Confucius of Korea". The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on 38o latitude and the diagram represents "scholar".
Is named after the patriot Ahn _____________ who assassinated Hiro-Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea- Japan merger. There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr. Ahn's age when he was executed at Lui-Shung prison (1910).
Is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century), an authority on neo-Confucianism. The 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on 37o latitude, the diagram represents "scholar".
Is named after the youth group which originated in the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th century. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Taekwon-Do developed into maturity.
Was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Lee Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armoured battleship (Kobukson) in 1592, which is said to be the precursor of the present day submarine. The reason why this pattern ends with a left hand attack is to symbolize his regrettable death, having no chance to show his unrestrained potentiality checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the king.
Signifies innocence. No previous knowledge of Taekwon-Do, as that of a beginner student.
Represents the earth where the seed of Taekwon-Do is planted as the foundation of Taekwon-Do is being laid.
Represents the green plant growing as the skills of Taekwon-Do develop.
Signifies the sky and the heavens, towards which the tree grows as Taekwon-Do training progresses.
Signifies danger, cautioning the student to exercise control, and warning an opponent to stay away.
The opposite of white, therefore signifying a maturity and proficiency in Taekwon-Do. It also indicates the holder's imperviousness to darkness and fear.
Kindness, humility, good manners, politeness, and respect.
Honesty, straight dealing, purity, moral soundness, and uprightness. To have integrity means to be honest with everyone and with yourself at all times.
Persistence, a steadfast pursuit of and an understanding of the aim, continuation in the practice of Tae Kwon Do regardless of the amount of obstacles, hindering circumstances, difficulties, or occasional "let downs" which are only temporary situations. The strong will to hold on, regardless of obstacles. Loyalty.
a double edged sword: on the one hand, it is the physical control with regard to motions, precision of execution, prevention of unnecessary injuries (as opposed to acting wildly) or killing, due to lack of control. Experience is the best teacher, but all the physical reactions are based on the psychological makeup, maturity, and moral, ethical, and religious codes. Emotions are usually involved, to a certain degree, in the majority of situations, hence the need for emotional self control. The degree of controlling the particularly strong emotions such as love, hate, anger, surprise, joy, sadness, etc., show the level of achievement of each practitioner of Tae Kwon Do.
Emotions should be governed by a strong and conscious reason and aided by experience in principles. The success of application of this tenet in practical everyday life should result in creating the indomitable spirit.
Unconquerable, unbreakable, unquenchable: To put it simply, it means that one has such strong unshakeable beliefs and principles that even sacrificing the most precious possession one has, one's own life, is not too high a price to pay in defending them. The most classical example of the application of this tenet is found in ancient Greek history, in the story of the Thermopylae, Leonidas and his 300 Spartans.
19, Plus sign
Number of moves and pattern diagram: Chon-Ji
21, Capital I
Number of moves and pattern diagram: Dan-Gun
24, Stair Step Right
Number of moves and pattern diagram: Do-San
28, Capital I
Number of moves and pattern diagram: Won-Hyo
38, Scholar Sign
Number of moves and pattern diagram: Yul-Gok
Korean word: One (1)
Korean word: Two (2)
Korean word: Three (3)
Korean word: Four (4)
Korean word: Five (5)
Korean word: Six (6)
Korean word: Seven (7)
Korean word: Eight (8)
Korean word: Nine (9)
Korean word: Ten (10)
tenants of taekwon-do
Courtesy, Integrity, Self-Control, Perseverance, & Indomitable Spirit
Country of origin of taekwon-do
General Choi Hong Hi
The founder/father of ITF-style taekwon-do
•Tae—Jumping, flying, to kick or smash with the foot.
•Kwon—Fist, to punch or destroy with the hand or fist.
•Do—The art or way.
Literal translation of taekwon-do
The mental training and techniques of unarmed combat for self defense as well as health. It involves the skilled application of punches, kicks, blocks, and dodges with bare hands and feet for the rapid destruction of a moving opponent or opponents.
Attention Stance (charyot sogi)
•Heels are together forming a 45° angle and both knees are locked.
•Arms are naturally at the sides with the elbows bent slightly.
•Hands are lightly clenched fists.
•Eyes face front slightly above the horizon.
Ready Stance (Junbi)
•Feet are even and parallel.
•Hands are lightly clenched fists and are 2 inches apart, 3 inches from the abdomen.
•Elbows are 4 inches from the floating ribs.
•Upper arms are forward at 30° and the lower arms are bent upward at 40°.
•Width: 1 shoulder
•Weight distribution: 50/50
•I shall observe the tenets of TaeKwon-Do.
•I shall respect the instructor and seniors.
•I shall never misuse TaeKwon-Do
•I shall be a champion of freedom and justice.
•I shall build a more peaceful world.
The instructor who misrepresents himself and his art by presenting improper techniques to his students because of a lack of knowledge or apathy is an example of_________________.
Boo sa-boom (1st - 3rd dan)
Face the flags
Grand master (9th dan)
Sa-bum (4th - 6th dan)
Master instructor (7th -8th dan)
Return to ready
Nerve Motor Points
Nerve junctions that affect the function of the muscles or body parts associated to them
Vital Points/Pressure Points
Areas of the body not protected or cushioned by a thick layer of muscle. When struck with sufficient force and the appropriate tool, serious injury can occur.
Vital Point/Pressure Point: Rectangular area from under the nose to the mid-line of the upper lip
Vital Point/Pressure Point: Posterior point at which ramus meets the body (mandible).
Vital Point/Pressure Point: A large, visible dip in between the neck and the two collarbones of the human anatomy. It is found at the superior border of the manubrium of the sternum, between the clavicular notches.
Nerve Motor Point: The twelfth cranial nerve, which innervates all the extrinsic and intrinsic muscles of the tongue, except for the palatoglossus which is innervated by the vagus nerve. It is a nerve with a solely motor function. The nerve arises from the hypoglossal nucleus in the brain stem as a number of small rootlets, passes through the hypoglossal canal and down through the neck, and eventually passes up again over the tongue muscles it supplies into the tongue.
Vital/pressure points on the collar bone.
Vital Point/Pressure Point: temporomandibular joint: The jaw joint just below the ear. If the pressure point located at this place is hit hard with a single knuckle punch, it can dislocate the jaw and cause speaking difficulty.
Nerve Motor Point: A nerve bundle in the upper abdomen: one of the most sensitive parts and is a very easy target. It is located in the middle, right at the end of the rib joint which is just 1 to 2 inches below the chest. There is a bundle of nerves which if hurt causes immediate breathing problems and severe pain.
Vital Point/Pressure Point: Area of the body where the legs meet with very sensitive private parts such as the testicles. A strike to this area can hurt so much that the person may not even be able to stand straight.
The student who misrepresents himself by fixing breaking materials before demonstrations exemplifies__________.
The instructor who camouflages bad techniques with luxurious training halls and false flattery to his students exemplifies__________
The student who requests rank from an instructor or attempts to purchase it exemplifies__________.
The student who gains rank for ego purposes or the feeling of power is an example of ________.
The instructor who teaches and promotes his art for materialistic gains exemplifies__________.
The student whose actions do not live up to his words exemplifies__________.
The student who feels ashamed to seek opinions from his juniors exemplifies__________.
This stance has the following attributes: Length: 1.5 shoulder widths
Measured from: Tip of big toe to Inside of big toe
Width 1.0 inch
Measured from: Inside heel to Back heel
Weight distribution (front/rear) 50/50
Available facings: Half
Named after Front foot
Knees are bent evenly.
Front foot points 15°in from the front.
•Back foot points 15°in from the side.
Closed ready stance A
In this stance:
•Both feet are together and parallel.
•Both knees are locked.
•The left hand wraps around the right fist with the left-hand fingertips on the right-hand knuckles.
•The hands are held 12 inches in front of the philtrum.
Bending Ready Stance Type A
In this stance:
•The supporting foot faces to the side and the supporting knee is bent.
•The non-supporting knee points 15° from the front.
•The non-supporting foot is by the knee of the support leg.
•The hands are in a middle guarding block with outer forearms.
A reason for practicing courtesy: To promote the spirit of mutual _____________.
A reason for practicing courtesy: To be ashamed of one's _______, contempting those of others.
A reason for practicing courtesy: to be _______ to one another.
A reason for practicing courtesy: To encourage the sense of _____________and humanity.
A reason to practice courtesy
To distinguish instructor from student, senior from junior, elder from younger.
A reason for practicing courtesy: To behave according to __________.
A reason for practicing courtesy: To respect others' ________________.
To handle matters with __________ and sincerity.
An example of courtesy.
To refrain from giving or accepting any gift when in doubt.
Vital Point example
A vital/pressure point just below the elbow.
Vital/Pressure Point on the upper leg
Vital/Pressure points on the side of the head beside the eyes.
Cranium (entire area)
Nerve Motor Point
brachial plexus origin
Nerve Motor Point: located on the side of the neck. A strike to this area causes a disconnect to the brain resulting in motor dysfunction in the entire body, from a stunning effect to full unconsciousness.
lateral femoral cutaneous nerve
A vital/pressure point located on the outside of the thigh that innervates the skin. A strike to this area may cause tingling, numbness, and pain.
A Nerve Motor Point on the upper leg that innervates the quadriceps and skin of the anterior thigh and medial surface of leg.
Parts of the Physical Composition of TaeKwon-Do
•Dallyon*(Equipment maintenance, forging, stretching, running, weight training.0
Disciplines of TaeKwon-Do Moral Culture
Travel, Mountain climbing, Cold showers and baths, Public service, Etiquette
Parts of the Hwa-Rang Warrior Code.
•Be loyal to your king.
•Be obedient to your parents.
•Be honorable to your friends.
•Never retreat in battle.
•Make a just kill.
The Three Kingdoms of Ancient Korea
Factors in the Theory of Power
• Reaction force
• Breath control
The Student's Responsibility to the Student-Instructor Relationship: Never tire of _________. A good student can learn anytime, anywhere. This is the secret of knowledge.
The Student's Responsibility to the Student-Instructor Relationship: A good student must be willing to sacrifice for his art and his instructor. Many students feel that their training is a commodity that is ____________with monthly dues and they are unwilling to take part in demonstrations, teaching, and working around the do-jang. An instructor can afford to lose this type of student.
The Student's Responsibility to the Student-Instructor Relationship: Always set a ________________ for lower ranking students. It is only natural that they will attempt to emulate their seniors.
The Student's Responsibility to the Student-Instructor Relationship: Always be _______ and never criticize the instructor, the art of TaeKwon-Do, or the teaching methods.
The Student's Responsibility to the Student-Instructor Relationship: If an instructor teaches a technique, ______ it and attempt to use it.
The Student's Responsibility to the Student-Instructor Relationship: Remember that a student's _______ outside the do-jang reflects on the art and his instructor.
The Student's Responsibility to the Student-Instructor Relationship: If a student adopts a technique from another gym and the instructor disapproves of it, the student must __________ it immediately or train at the other gym.
The Student's Responsibility to the Student-Instructor Relationship: Never be disrespectful to the instructor. Though a student is allowed to disagree, the student must follow instructions first and discuss the matter later.
The Student's Responsibility to the Student-Instructor Relationship: A student must always be eager to __________ and ask questions.
The Student's Responsibility to the Student-Instructor Relationship. Never betray a ________.
Study the theory of _________ thoroughly.
Understand the purpose and meaning of each _________ clearly.
Bring the movement of eyes, hands, feet, and breath into a ________ coordinated action.
Choose the appropriate attacking _______for each vital spot.
Become familiar with the correct angle and __________ for attack and defense.
Keep both the arms and legs __________ slightly while the movement is in motion.
Begin all movements with a __________ motion, with very few exceptions.
Create a ______ during the movement by using the knee spring properly.
When performing a pattern, the direction to the right from Junbi.
When performing a pattern, the direction to the left from Junbi.
When performing a pattern, the direction to the back from Junbi.
When performing a pattern, the direction to the front from Junbi.
Accuracy: A pattern should begin and end on the same ________.
When doing patterns, correct ______________ and facing should be maintained at all times.
When doing patterns, the __________ of the body should be tensed and relaxed at the proper moments.
A pattern should be performed in ___________ movements with an absence of stiffness.
Pattern moves should be ____________ or decelerated according to the instructions in the encyclopedia.
Each pattern should be _________________before going on to the next.
When doing patterns, students should know the _________ of each movement.
When doing patterns, students should perform each move with ____________.
During patterns, attack and defense techniques should be __________ distributed among left and right hands and feet.
In this stance:
•Back knee is locked, the front knee is bent so that the kneecap is over the heel of the front foot.
•Front foot points to the front and back foot points no more than 25° from the front.
This stance is 1.5 shoulder widths measured from the Tip of big toe to the Tip of big toe.
Width: 1.0 shoulder width
Weight distribution (front/rear) 50/50
Named after: Front foot
In this stance: .
•Both feet point to the front and are parallel with each other.
•Both knees are bent evenly so that the kneecaps are over the balls of the feet.
•The chest and abdomen are pushed out and hips are pulled back.
Width: 1.5 shoulder widths
In this stance:
•Back knee is bent so kneecap is over toes of the back foot.
•Front knee is bent proportionately.
•Rear hip is aligned with the inner knee joint of the rear knee.
•Front foot points 15°in from the front.
•Back foot points 15°in from the side.
Length: 1.5 shoulder widths long, measured from the Tip of big toe to the Footsword.
Width: 1.0 inch (Inside heel to Back heel)
Weight distribution (front/rear) 30/70
Named after: Front foot
37, Scholar sign
Number of moves and pattern diagram: Toi-Gye
29, Capital I
Number of moves and pattern diagram: Hwa-Rang
30, Capital I
Number of moves and pattern diagram: Choong-Moo
Hwa-rang Warrior Code: "Be loyal to your _________."
Hwa-rang Warrior Code: "Be _________ to your parents."
Hwa-rang Warrior Code: "Be _________ to your friends."
Hwa-rang Warrior Code: "Never ________ in battle."
just (morally right and fair)
Hwa-rang Warrior Code: "Make a ______ kill (end or defeat)."
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