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Arts and Humanities
History of Europe
The Enlightenment in Europe
Terms in this set (15)
the new intellectual movement that stressed reason and thought and the power of individuals to solve problems was the....
The willingness of people to hand over their rights to a ruler in exchange for law and order in society was called the....
The philosopher who believed that all people are born free and equal, with the rights to life, liberty, and property was
the group of social critics in Enlightenment France were called
brilliant french satirist who frequently targeted the clergy, the aristocracy, and the government was
an influential French writer who wrote that "Power should be a check to power" was
Baron de Montesquieu
French philosophe Jean Jacques Rousseau believed that the best form of government would be a
Women's contributions to the Enlightenment included....
urging women to enter male dominated fields, writing about the inequalities between men and women, and holding social gatherings called salons for influential people
What are key points to remember about Volatire?
-frequently targeted the clergy, aristocracy, and government
-focused on rational thought, individual liberties (speech, press), constitutional monarchy
-critique of role of religion in public life
What are key points to remember about Montesquieu?
-believed Britain was the best governed country
-challenged absolute monarchy
-believed in separation of powers (checks & balances)
-influenced US Constitution
What are key points to remember about Jean-Jacques Rousseau?
- believed society could improve and gave hope for new government after revolutions
-opposed social/political privileges of the French elite
-society corrupts people- they are best in a state of nature
What are key points to remember about Mary Wollstonecraft?
-believed women needed education to be virtuous and useful
-women had the right to participate in politics
-wrote "A Vindiction of the Rights of Women"
What are key points to remember about Thomas Paine?
-believed formal religious institutions are created to manipulate man
-Deism- belief in god that created world but is different
What are key points to remember about John Locke?
-supported individuals natural right to life, liberty, and property
-government at the consent of the governed
-Social Contract Theory
*(government protects rights of people, in return people recognize the power of the government- but also have the right to revolt if they break the contract)
When did the Enlightenment occur?
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