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Terms in this set (25)
The event that caused the outbreak of war in Europe in 1914 was:
A) England's attack on Italy.
B) the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand.
C) Germany's alliance with France.
D) the sinking of the Lusitania.
E) France's invasion of Belgium.
At the beginning of World War I, President Wilson:
A) advocated an American alliance with England.
B) declared a policy of neutrality.
C) recommended that the United States stop trading with the belligerent countries.
D) advised Americans not to trade with England.
E) expressed support for a German victory.
According to information collected by the U.S. government, American soldiers who served in World
A) almost all had a high school education.
B) were sickly and underfed.
C) came primarily from urban rather than rural areas.
D) were generally poorly educated and unsophisticated.
E) were almost all over six feet tall.
The labor policy of the Wilson administration during World War I:
A) declared the American Federation of Labor illegal.
B) sought to protect and extend the rights of organized labor.
C) passed laws making labor unions and the strike legal.
D) staunchly opposed efforts to unionize American workers.
E) showed little concern for the working conditions of women and children
One important impact of World War I on American society was:
A) to turn the United States into a debtor nation.
B) an increase in federal authority over the economy.
C) the granting of equal civil and voting rights to minorities.
D) encouragement of progressive reforms.
E) to delay support for women's suffrage.
In its effort to mobilize the American economy for the war effort during World War I, the Wilson administration:
A) quickly increased the construction of battleships.
B) issued rationing stamps to limit food consumption.
C) used Civil War veterans to sell war bonds.
D) failed to recognize the importance of women as consumers.
E) used the power of the government to control scarce materials.
During World War I, social justice progressives in the United States:
A) criticized the government's restriction on freedom of speech.
B) endorsed all aspects of the Wilson war policies.
C) left their organizations in order to fight in the war.
D) found no government support for their policies.
E) failed to achieve legislation restricting alcohol consumption and prostitution near military bases.
Wilson based his plan for peace among the warring nations on:
A) unconditional surrender by Germany.
B) the Seventeen Points.
C) the Fourteen Points.
D) the 10-percent plan.
E) American support for a Russian invasion of Germany.
Most historians consider Wilson's decision to exclude Henry Cabot Lodge from the negotiations at the Paris Peace Conference to have been:
A) politically shrewd.
B) a political mistake.
C) an attempt to avoid offending the Republican majority in the United States Senate.
Prior to 1915 the United States government restricted American investors from making loans to belligerent countries. Belligerent means that a country:
A) has so much money that it does not need to borrow from another country.
B) is at war with another country.
C) is behind in making payments on money it has borrowed.
D) has declared a policy of neutrality.
E) has defaulted on its debt payments.
An important legacy of World War I for American society was that it:
A) decreased intolerance.
B) indicated American readiness to accept a position of world leadership.
C) stimulated pride and patriotism.
D) brought about fulfillment of most of the goals of the progressives.
The Treaty of Versailles, which ended World War I:
A) failed to provide for the establishment of the League of Nations.
B) was opposed by President Wilson.
C) failed to obtain approval from the United States Senate.
D) was quickly ratified by the United States Senate.
E) was not popular in England or France.
In comparison with the European leaders at the Paris Peace Conference, President Wilson can be characterized as more:
A) opposed to the idea of self-determination.
C) hostile toward Germany.
D) unpopular with the ordinary people of Europe.
President Wilson decided to lead the American delegation to the negotiations in Paris in 1918 because he:
A) wanted to reassure Henry Cabot Lodge that American interests would be protected at the conference.
B) believed that only he could bring peace to the world.
C) considered Secretary of State Lansing incompetent.
D) lacked the self-confidence to trust others with the negotiations.
E) all of the above
In financing American involvement in World War I, the Wilson administration:
A) adopted a flat income tax proposed by William Jennings Bryan.
B) refused to increase taxes.
C) did little to involve the average citizen directly.
D) adopted the approach Secretary of the Treasury Salmon P. Chase had used in financing the Civil War.
E) increased taxes and borrowing.
During World War I, American troops:
A) fought very poorly in general.
B) did most of their fighting in Asia and the Pacific.
C) participated in no really significant battles.
D) helped repel the all-out offensive Germany launched in 1918.
E) were extremely well organized.
By the time that the United States decided to enter World War I:
A) the Germans had overrun France and were preparing to invade Britain.
B) the British and French had essentially defeated the Germans.
C) the Italians had defeated the Russians.
D) the Japanese has taken control of China.
E) fighting in western Europe had become a bloody stalemate.
When the United States entered World War I, black leader W. E. B. Du Bois:
A) condemned American involvement.
B) suggested that blacks not register for military service.
C) urged blacks to support the war.
D) urged blacks to fight civil and municipal reform.
E) volunteered to lead a black regiment in the war.
Important in the United States' decision to enter World War I was:
A) increasing trade with Germany.
B) the anti-English feeling in the United States.
C) the use of unrestricted submarine warfare by Germany.
D) the refusal of the English to borrow money from the United States.
E) the pro-German bias of Wilson's advisors.
In terms of its effect on domestic affairs in the United States, World War I resulted in:
A) restrictions on freedom of speech.
B) a decrease in governmental control over the economy.
C) promotion of German food, drink, and music.
D) an unfavorable governmental attitude toward labor.
E) an enthusiasm for things German.
President Wilson wanted to keep the United States out of World War I because he:
A) did not believe in the use of force.
B) believed that only Americans fought just wars.
C) disliked both the British and the Germans.
D) favored a German victory.
E) believed he might control the peace negotiations.
Important in creating an atmosphere favorable for the United States' entry into World War I was:
A) the De Lome Letter.
B) the Zachary code.
C) England's resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare.
D) Germany's refusal to trade with the United States.
E) the Zimmermann note.
In dealing with the relations between Mexico and the United States, President Wilson:
A) showed little concern for the interests of the Mexican people.
B) improved Mexican-American relations by implementing his idealistic principles.
C) recognized the Huerta government.
D) intervened to protect the environment from mining companies.
E) intervened to protect the economic interests of the United States.
The advisor who recommended prohibiting Americans from traveling on belligerent ships was:
A) Margaret Sanger.
B) Robert Lansing.
C) Walter Hines Page.
D) William Jennings Bryan.
E) Edward M. House.
During World War I, Germany attempted to resist the British blockade of the sea routes to Germany by:
A) use of submarines.
B) building a fleet larger than the British navy.
C) attacking British ships from German aircraft carriers.
D) use of rockets.
E) building larger armies.
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