Pharmacology Ch 3 methods of drug administration
core concept in pharmacology holland shay HIM
Terms in this set (30)
a hyper response of body tissues to a foreign substance (allergen), in which patients experience uncomfortable and potentially serious symptoms, including difficulty breathing, pain, swelling, skin rash, and other unfavorable signs
an acute allergic response to an antigen that results in severe hypotension and may cause death if untreated
former system of weights and measures used by health care providers and pharmacists; replaced by the metric system
means "as soon as possible"; a physician's order referring to the time frame that is often defined as less than 30 minutes
the shrinkage of swollen membranes or binding together of body surface material
the administration of medications by the cheek or mouth
taking a medication in the way it was prescribed by the practitioner; in the case of OTC drugs, following the instructions found on the label
the major route by which drugs enter the body through the digestive tract
hard, waxy coating that enables drugs to resist the acidity of the stomach; enables drugs to dissolve in the small intestine
older system of measurement involving teaspoons, tablespoons, cups, drops, pounds, etc
intradermal route I.D.
method of parenteral drug delivery in which drugs are injected into the dermis of the skin
intramuscular route I.M.
method of parenteral drug delivery in which drugs are injected into layers of muscle beneath the skin
intravenous route I.V.
method of parenteral drug delivery in which drugs are injected into the venous circulation
the most common system of measurement
the major route by which drugs enter the body other than the enteral or topical route
Latin; pro re nata; physician's order; means 'to administer as required by the patient's condition'
standard order usually carried out within 2 hours of the time it was written by the physician
a physician's order for a drug that is to be given only once at a specific time; an example is a preoperative order
six rights of drug administration
practical guidelines for nurses to use during drug preparation, delivery, and administration of drugs
a physician's order written in advance of a situation, which is to be carried out under specific circumstances
comes from statim, the Latin word meaning 'immediately'; the time frame between writing the STAT order and administering the drug may be 5 minutes or less, depending on facility rules
subcutaneous route S.C.
method of parenteral drug delivery in which drugs are injected into the hypodermis of the skin
method of enteral drug delivery in which drugs are placed under the tongue
tablets or capsules that are designed to dissolve very slowly
three checks of drug administration
checks used by nurses together with the six rights to help ensure patient safety and drug effectiveness
the route by which drugs are placed directly onto the skin and associated membranes
method of drug delivery, usually by a patch, in which drugs are absorbed across the layers of the skin for the purpose of entering the bloodstream
method of topical drug delivery in which drugs are applied directly to mucosal membranes, including the nasal and respiratory pathways and vagina
the six rights are as follows:
right route of administration
right time of delivery
three checks of drug administration as follows;
checking drug with medication administration record when removing from med drawer
checking the drug when preparing, pouring, etc.
checking the drug before administering it to the patient
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