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American Literature Semester 1
Terms in this set (65)
Statement in a speech when a speaker sets forth what the speaker is trying to prove
Discourse in which the writer presents and logically supports an opinion
Every word, detail, character, and incident contributes to one effect.
The belief that God has already chosen those who will achieve salvation
Puritan Plain Style
Writing in a simple manner; not being ornate or showy
a claim made to rebut a previous claim.
the available body of facts or information indicating whether a belief or proposition is true or valid.
a denial of the validity of an opposing argument
Appeal to logic
Appeal to emotion
the ethical appeal, means to convince an audience of the author's credibility or character.
Rhetorical Question (hypophora)
a question asked in order to create a dramatic effect or to make a point rather than to get an answer.
Ex: "Ain't I a woman?"
similarity of structure in a pair or series of related words, phrases, or clauses.
Ex: "Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country"
sounds,words,phrases,or lines that are stated or used more than once.
Ex: "Of the bells, Of the bells, bells, bells, bells..."
An abrupt or emphatic expression of thought or of feeling.
Ex: "O tempora! O mores!"
A comparison without using like or as
A form of deductive reasoning consisting of a major premise, a minor premise, and a conclusion.
A reference to another work of literature, person, or event
a general truth about life, stated concisely,"if it ain't broke, don't fix it"
a letter or literary composition in letter form
the process by which the writer reveals the personality of a character
a stereotypical character
A character who demonstrates some complexity and who develops or changes in the course of a work
A narrative device that hints at coming events; often builds suspense or anxiety in the reader.
the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning
The idea that the story should focus on one emotional effect on the reader and everything should serve that
Points of View
the perspective from which a story is told
literature meant to instruct or teach
Character who embodies the American spirit of adventure and reverence for nature
work hard, believe in god, lead a good life, and you will be successful and go to heaven
An unusual, extended comparison of two very different things (extended metaphor)
A writer's or speaker's choice of words
Melodic poem expressing the thoughts of a speaker
Autobiographical account of life as a slave
A writers typical way of writing including his/her word choices, tone, and structure
Literary movement that emphasized imagination, emotion, nature, and individuality
unrhymed iambic pentameter
Story handed down orally amping the common people of a culture
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
Repetition of initial consonant sounds
Repetition of vowel sounds
A word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same line
examining and commenting on the qualities and character of literary works
direct and/or firsthand evidence about an event, object, person, or work of art
a document relating to information one found elsewhere
What is the principle emphasis of a literary analysis?
Develop arguments and draw conclusions
5 feet per meter
A word that imitates the sound it represents.
A line or set of lines repeated several times over the course of a poem.
Writing or speech that attempts to convince a reader to thick or act a certain way
Public speaking that is formal, persuasive, and emotionally appealing
The Great Awakening
Religious revival to get back to the simplicity of Puritanism
Characteristics of Native Americans?
Wrote literature to explain natural phenomena, cultural history, and their relationship with
nature in poems, songs, myths.
Passed literature on by oral tradition.
Characteristics of Puritans?
Believed in strict punishment as the penalty for one's sins.
Believed in God's grace, a divine mission, and living simply.
Came to the new land in search of religious freedom
Wrote literature to instruct and inspire people to follow their example
Characteristics of Explorers/Settlers?
Came to the new land in search of land and wealth.
Wrote factual documents - journals, reports, etc.
Characteristics of writing during Revolutionary Period?
Logical, Persuasive, Common over Individual, Traditional, Rational, Political.
Reason is the dominating characteristic.
Characteristics of writing during Romantic Period?
imagination, emotion, look at your inner self, supernatural, personal freedom
What was James Fenimore Cooper known for?
Known for novels about the wilderness frontier and Used real historical events.
Examples of writers and their works during Revolutionary Period?
Patrick Henry - "Speech in the Virginia Convention"
Phillis Wheatley - "To His Excellency, General Washington"
Thomas Paine - "The Crisis, Number I"
Thomas Jefferson - The Declaration of Independence
Olaudah Equiano - "The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano"
J. Hector St. John de Crèvecœur - "Letters to an American Farmer"
Examples of writers and their works during Romantic Period?
Nathaniel Hawthorne - "The Scarlet Letter"
Edgar Allen Poe - "The Raven", "The Fall of the House of Usher"
William Cullen Bryant - "Thanatopsis"
Ralph Waldo Emerson - Transcendentalism
Washington Irving - "The Devil and Tom Walker", "Legend of Sleepy Hollow", "Rip Van Winkle"
What did romantic writings often focus on?
Supernatural, feelings of melancholy, and vivid, imaginative thought
What American poet spoke of "religion of nature"?
William Cullen Bryant
What writer used legends and folklore to illustrate American character types?
What Romantic author explored the inner self and the notion of the "single effect"?
Edgar Allen Poe