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contributions made by the greeks
olympics, science & math, drama & poetry, medicine, mythology, paintings & sculptures, philosophy, classical literature, & law govt. & democracy
values held dear by the greeks
beauty, marriage & infidelity, love & hate, peace & war, trust & betrayal, & innocence & lust
which primitive civilizations have their own mythologies
greeks, romans, aztecs, egyptians, indians, chinese, native americans, & vikings
what do many great mythologies share the 2 stories of
1) creation of man from dust & 2) flood that destroyed the earth
fuhi(father of chinese civilization) escaped great flood w/ wife, 3 sons, & 3 daughters. painting-fuhi's boat in water w/ dove carrying olive branch swimming toward it
lenni lenape indians in north america
time when powerful snake made all men evil. sent water to destroy everthing. man named monabozho (gfather of all men) saved by riding on the back of a great turtle
in the beginning there was ____
chaos-modern meaning confusion. comes from greek word that means abyss
how was aphrodite brought into the world
she arose from the foam in the sea where cronus had thrown uranus' body parts into the sea
iapetus mated w/ the nymph _______ & they produced _____________________________
clymens; atlas, prometheus, epimetheus, and menocticus
cronus married ________, & they gave gave birth to the first 6 gods _____________________________
rhea; zeus, hades, poseidon, (female...)hera, demeter, & hestia
b/c cronus was fearful that one of his children would murder him, what did he do to each child as it was born
what did metis advise zeus to do
to create allies to overthrow cronus. she gave cronus herb that she promised to make cronus "unconquerable" but it caused him to vomit up children & rock
zeus ________ & _______
banished cronus to the ends of the earth; set himself up as master of the universe
how did the cyclopes reward him for releasing them
they gave zeus a thunderbolt used to create fire from heaven
after the titans were defeated what happd to them
zeus severly punished them by bounding most of them w/ chains & threw them into the depths of the earth
all except ______________.
atlas, whose job was to hold up the sky while standing at the edge of the earth
hestia.....(sister of zeus)
virgin goddess. worshipped by women who dedicated themselves to chastity
gaea created ______ & ________, b/c she __________
typhon & echidna(created to defeat zeus), b/c she was angry that zeus had confined the titans in tarturus
who were echidnas children that zeus allowed to live
nemean lion, cerberus, ladon, chimera, sphinx, & hydra
why did the gods reign for many years & why were they unable to die
b/c ichor flowed through their veins
was pan often seen?
noo but wheneva he played his music, ppl who were in the woods would panic!!! bahahahahaha.
the 9 muses....?!?!?!?!
-daughters of zeus & mnemosyne. - lived on heights of mounts parnassus, pindos, and helieon. - springs & streams were sacred to them. - palm & laurel. - goddesses of various arts.... mostly literature
clotho- spun threads of person's youth. lachesis- wound them on spindle. atropos- eldest symbol of death who cut threads w/ shears
the gods who lived on mt. olympus had control over
earth & nature, but they had no decision of length of handiwork
pro. knew that humans needed ability to...
think! he taught them all the things that athene had taught him
where did pro. make fire
from the hearth on mt. olympus. caught spark in hollow fennel stalk & built bonfire for men
what did pro. teach humans in addition
- how to build houses. - basics a/b medicine. - how to write. - how to figure arithmetic
why was zeus fearful
b/c pro. had strengthened the human race & he was scared humans would rebel against the gods
who did zeus send
twin giants. kratos ( power ) & bia ( force ) to see hephaestus to have him bound pro.
what happnd to pro, the young titan
he was chained to a rocky cliff AND zeus sent a vulture by day to devour pro liver and intestines. at night they grew back but the next day it happd all over again...........w0ww...........
what all went inside the jar
misery! sickness! death! hardwork! anger! jealousy! madness! hunger! old age! and hope was tucked away at the bottom
what were zeus' next orders for hephaestus
to take pandora to epimetheus & tell him that she was a peace offering & she was to be epimetheus wife. jar as dowry
what happened when pandora opened the jar
scream & smell & then a wind rushed out & evil came into the world
what's another myth for when after pan opens the box
zeus wiped out mankind w/ flood saving only deucalion & pyrrha to repopulate the earth
how did the greeks bury their dead
w/ coins in mouths to pay charon (ferryman on river) for passage to styx
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