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Disclaimer: these words are from the learning guide online and whatever was highlighted/underlined in the lectures
Terms in this set (39)
Members of a parliament who are not in the government or shadow cabinet.
Published in the 1940s and set the stage for the British welfare state.
The doctrine that all cabinet members must agree with all decisions.
Cross-party British support for the welfare state that lasted until the late 1970s.
Confederation of British Industry (CBI)
The leading British business interest group.
Britain's most important right-of-center party, in power more often than not for two centuries.
In Europe, arrangements through which government, business, and labor leaders cooperatively set microeconomic or macroeconomic policy, normally outside of the regular electoral legislative process. In Mexico and elsewhere another term to describe the way people are integrated into the system via patron-client relations.
The process of decentralizing power from national governments that stops short of federalism; the turning over of some political power and autonomy to regional governments
People opposed to expansion of the EU's power
First past the post
Electoral system based on single-member districts in which the candidate who receives the most votes wins.
Good Friday Agreement
A practical peace agreement reached by the major parties in Northern Ireland with the British and Irish governments; the IRA decommissioned its weapons in exchange for some self rule
The belief that change should occur slowly or incrementally.
Great Reform Act
Law passed in 1832 that expanded the suffrage and is widely seen as a key step toward democracy in Britain.
House of Commons
The all-important lower house of the British Parliament.
House of Lords
The weaker upper house of the British Parliament
Created the EU and EMU; signed in 1992.
In Britain and other parliamentary systems, another term for a party's platform in an election campaign
Member of Parliament
Elected members of the British or other parliament.
Great Britain's National Health Service
The members of parliament from a single party.
In systems like Britain's, the official leadership of the opposition party that "shadows" the cabinet.
Scottish National Party
Conservative and first woman prime minister of Great Britain, 1979-90; Privatized business/industry, cut social welfare, strengthened nat'l defense; "Iron Lady"
A term used to describe the new and more central left-wing parties of the 1990s, most notably Britain's "New Labour."
Informal name for Britain's Conservative Party.
Trade union council
A coalition of trade unions generally associated with the Labour Party, has traditionally been a force in British politics
In Britain and elsewhere, a government statement that outlines proposed legislation; the last stage before the submission of a formal bill.
Welch national political party; strong sense of national pride reflected in their flag and in their own language
Power centralized; all regional/local units controlled by center
Parliamentary sovereignty (Parliamentary democracy)
Legislative gov.; Has the right to make or unmake any law
democracy rests on supreme authority of the legislature
Question time (PMQ)
hour when PM must answer questions from opposition
Three line whip
instruction given to Members of Parliament by the leaders of their party telling them they must vote in the way that the party wants them to on a particular subject
1215 document that limited the king's ability to tax English nobles and that guaranteed due process and a right to trial
quasi-autonomous non-governmental organizations created by Parliament to incorporate gov and private interest into policy-making
Current PM; Conservative leader, voted in favor of benefits to same sex couples, euroskeptic
set of policies designed to provide health care, pensions, unemployment benefits, and assistance to the poor. Also responsible for economic growth, full employment.
named after British economist John Maynard Keynes, state economic policies used to regulate economy to achieve stable economic growth; Became unpopular during 1970s with increased labor unrest
an approach to economic policy that assumes a natural rate of unemployment, determined by the labor market, and rejects the instrument of government spending to run budgetary deficits for stimulating the economy and creating jobs.
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