1) Congress can impeach Supreme Court Justices. If a justice takes too much liberty in judicial policymaking or more blatantly abuses his or her power, the House can impeach said justice, and the Senate will hear the trial and can remove the justice with a 2/3 vote. It is the same procedure for a presidential impeachment.
2) Supreme Court nominees must be approved by the Senate.
3) In exceedingly rare cases, Congress can pass amendments to the Constitution. Through judicial review, the Court can deem any law null and void if it conflicts with the Constitution. However, the Court cannot do so to an amendment, since, incidentally, it is now part of the Constitution itself.
4) Finally, Congress has influence over the Court's jurisdiction. Therefore, Congress can prevent a case from being heard in the Court. This circumvention is rare.
1st EditionGlen Krutz
11th EditionMichael D. Reisig, Todd R. Clear
9th EditionChristina Dejong, Christopher E. Smith, George F Cole
16th EditionGeorge C. Edwards III, Martin P. Wattenberg, Robert L. Lineberry