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a reference to a well known person, place, event, literary work, work of art that the poet expects the reader to recognize
the implied or suggested meaning of a word; emotional overtones of the word; what is suggests to the reader
Figure of Speech/ Figurative Language
a word or phrase that identifies or describes something in a way that is not literally true, but may be meaningful in a deeper sense
( situational) irony
an unexpected twist; the contrast between what is expected to happen and what actually occurs
a form of verbal irony; saying something and meaning the exact opposite, with the intent to be witty or insulting
the narrator, point of view, or persona through whom the poet is speaking. The speaker of the poem should not be confused with the poet. For example, an older poet might choose to write from the point of view of a teenage girl
an object, person, place, event that stands for something more than itself; something concrete that stands for an abstract concept
the writer's attitude toward the subject he or she is writing about or speakers attitude toward the subject he or she is talking about
is a division or type of literature. Literature is a commonly divided into three major genres: drama, poetry and prose. Each major genre is in turn divided into smaller genres. For example, poetry is divided into narrative poetry, dramatic poetry and lyric poetry
is poetry that tells a story. Narrative poems present dramatic events in a vivid way, using some of the same elements as short stories-- for example, plot, characters, and dialogue. narrative poems have a narrator
is poetry that involves the techniques of drama. One or more characters speak to other characters who may or may not be present in the poem.
is a poem in which one person addresses a listener or listeners who do not speak. The speaker reveals his or her character by commenting on a crucial problem or conflict in his or her life
is highly musical verse that expresses the emotions, attitudes, and observations of a single speaker. Usually short and musical, lyric poems are called lyrics because in ancient times they were sung to the accompaniment of a lyre, a stringed instrument
the earliest known ballad were meant to be sung and thus had regular rhythm and rhymes. Like folk tales, these early ballads were composed anonymously and then passed on orally from generation to generation
is word choice. To discuss a writer's diction is to consider the vocabulary she/he has used, the appropriateness of the words, and the vividness of the language
is a word or phrase that appeals to one or more of the senses ( sight, hearing, taste, touch, smell, movement). Poets use images to recreate sensory experiences in words
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