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31 terms

Poetry

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Alliteration
repetition of initial consonant sounds
Allusion
a reference to a well known person, place, event, literary work, work of art that the poet expects the reader to recognize
Connotation
the implied or suggested meaning of a word; emotional overtones of the word; what is suggests to the reader
Couplet
two consecutive rhyming lines
Denotation
the literal definition of a word
Figure of Speech/ Figurative Language
a word or phrase that identifies or describes something in a way that is not literally true, but may be meaningful in a deeper sense
Figure of Speech
Metaphor, simile, personification
Hyperbole
gross exaggeration for effect
( situational) irony
an unexpected twist; the contrast between what is expected to happen and what actually occurs
Metaphor
a direct comparison
Onomatopoeia
the use of words whose sounds imitate natural sounds
Personification
giving an object or an animal human qualities or characteristics
Rhyme Scheme
The pattern of rhymes at the ends of lines in a poem
Sarcasm
a form of verbal irony; saying something and meaning the exact opposite, with the intent to be witty or insulting
Simile
a comparison using " like" or " as"
Speaker
the narrator, point of view, or persona through whom the poet is speaking. The speaker of the poem should not be confused with the poet. For example, an older poet might choose to write from the point of view of a teenage girl
Stanza
lines grouped together to form a division of a poem, separated from other lines by a space
Symbol
an object, person, place, event that stands for something more than itself; something concrete that stands for an abstract concept
Tone
the writer's attitude toward the subject he or she is writing about or speakers attitude toward the subject he or she is talking about
Genre
is a division or type of literature. Literature is a commonly divided into three major genres: drama, poetry and prose. Each major genre is in turn divided into smaller genres. For example, poetry is divided into narrative poetry, dramatic poetry and lyric poetry
Narrative Poetry
is poetry that tells a story. Narrative poems present dramatic events in a vivid way, using some of the same elements as short stories-- for example, plot, characters, and dialogue. narrative poems have a narrator
Dramatic Poetry
is poetry that involves the techniques of drama. One or more characters speak to other characters who may or may not be present in the poem.
Dramatic Monologue
is a poem in which one person addresses a listener or listeners who do not speak. The speaker reveals his or her character by commenting on a crucial problem or conflict in his or her life
Lyric Poem
is highly musical verse that expresses the emotions, attitudes, and observations of a single speaker. Usually short and musical, lyric poems are called lyrics because in ancient times they were sung to the accompaniment of a lyre, a stringed instrument
Ballad
is a song like poem that tells a story, often one dealing with adventure or romance.
Fold Ballads
the earliest known ballad were meant to be sung and thus had regular rhythm and rhymes. Like folk tales, these early ballads were composed anonymously and then passed on orally from generation to generation
Literary Ballad
is one written by a poet in conscious imitation of a folk ballad
Quatrain
ballad stanza is written in a four line stanza with a particular rhythm and rhyme scheme
Diction
is word choice. To discuss a writer's diction is to consider the vocabulary she/he has used, the appropriateness of the words, and the vividness of the language
Image
is a word or phrase that appeals to one or more of the senses ( sight, hearing, taste, touch, smell, movement). Poets use images to recreate sensory experiences in words
Imagery
is the collective term for images