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Soc 134 Final Wk 13 Health
Terms in this set (33)
Per Capita Health Spending - OCED
The US is #1 in per capita health spending
Life expectancy for Men - OCED
US is 26th
Life Expectancy for Women - OCED
US is 29th
Women have a higher life expectancy than men in the US
T, Men 76.3 and Women 81.2
Infant Mortality Rate - OCED
US 31st, among countries like Chile, Turkey and Mexico
Obesity Rate of Adults - OCED
US ranks 1st in adult obesity rate
Which group has the highest percentage of not having health insurance?
Hispanics >> Black > Asian > White
Life Expectancy - US
*greatest among Asians and Hispanics
Infant Mortality Rates - US
*highest among infants born to Black Women
*lowest to infants born to Asian
*Whites and Hispanics had comparable rates
Hispanics have the highest infant mortality rate in the US
F, infants born to black women have the highest infant mortality rate, to contrast Hispanics are actually comparable to whites
Which racial group in the US was the most likely to have hypertension?
Black men and women
Which racial group in the US was least likely to have hypertension?
Men - Hispanics
Women - Asians
Which racial group has the highest rate of death due to coronary heart disease?
Blacks > Whites >> NA, Hispanice > Asian
Which racial group has the highest obesity rate in the US?
Men - Hispanics
Women - Blacks
Explaining Racial & Ethnic Disparities in Health
1) Socioeconomic status
3) Environmental Racism
4) Interpersonal Racism
5) Racial Care Gap
Health disparities are linked to S.E.S.
T, higher incomes > longer healthier lives
Why does S.E.S status affect health?
*lack access to health care
*eat affordable, not healthy
*jobs with health risks
How does S.E.S. contribute to racial disparities in health?
Blacks have lower S.E.S. so health disparities disproportionately affect them more
Disparities in health disappear when we control for income and education.
How does segregation impact health?
*income does not translate to better housing
decisions that restrict certain people or groups of people to polluted or degraded environments on the basis of race.
Which racial groups are more likely to live close to toxic waste dumps?
Blacks, NAmericans, Hispanics
Which racial group had the highest exposure to air pollutants?
Hispanics > Blacks > Whites
Black children are more likely to have lead poisoning than white children.
T, 5 times more likely
Interpersonal Racism - Health
*cause of chronic stress
*high cortisol levels, high BP, loss of sleep
Interpersonal Racism has no biological effects on an individual
F, higher cortisonl, BP; less sleep; physical and mental health problems
Racial Care Gap
Biases among care providers that contribute to disparities
*lead to distrust from the patient
Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment
involuntary experiment on Blacks
*deep roots of distrust in health care professionals
Hispanic Health Paradox
though Hispanics have lower S.E.S. than whites they have comparable health outcomes
The health advantage of Hispanics is greater among 2nd and third generation Hispanics
F, it is greatest among immigrants and decreases in 2nd and 3rd generations
process by which immigrants adopt the behaviors and preferences of the host society
Latinos who are more acculturated into U.S. society are more likely to engage in healthy behaviors.
Difference between Immigrants and Mexican Americans
*immigrants live in ethnic enclaves, experience less interpersonal racism
*MAmericans experience interpersonal racism > psychological straining
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Sociology Final Exam Wk 8
Soc 134 Final Exam Wk 9 Crime and Punishment
Soc 134 Final Wk 10 Aesthetics
Soc 134 Final Wk 11 Politics
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