Treatment of Psychological Disorders Part 1

understanding one's own psychological processes
very intensive, extensive and expensive psychodynamic therapy
psychodynamic psychotherapy
more conversational than psychoanalysis but the goal is still exploration of unconscious proceses
Free Association
patient is encouraged to say whatever comes to mind to reveal associational networks and unconscious processes involved in symptom formation
therapist interprets the thoughts and feelings of the patient in order to reveal hidden conflicts and motivations
analysis of transference
patients bring into therapy their past troubled relationships, which are transferred to the therapist
systematic desensitization
the client is encouraged to confront a feared stimulus mentally while in a relaxed state
clients are exposed to the actual stimulus that they fear in real life
the client confronts the phobic stimulus all at once (no hierarchy)
graded exposure
the client is gradually exposed to the phobic stimulus (hierarchy)
virtual reality exposure
expose the client to virtual images of the feared stimulus instead of the actual stimulus
response prevention
all exposure techniques prevent the client from producing responses that allow avoidance of the feared stimulus
selective reinforcement
therapist delivers reinforcement contingent on the occurrence of a target behavior in order to increase the probability of that behavior
selective punishment
therapist punishes a certain target event in order to decrease the probability of that behavior
therapist removes a reinforcer in order to extinguish a target behavior
participatory modeling
therapist models the desired behavior and gradually induces the patient to participate in it
skills training
teach the behaviors necessary to accomplish relevant goals, often involving interpersonal competence
Ellis' Rational-Emotive Therapy
clients can rid themselves of the most psychological problems by minimizing their irrational thinking & maximizing rational thinking
Beck's Cognitive Therapy
therapist works on changing the client's cognitive distortions
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
alters the maladaptive thoughts and behaviors of a client through restructuring of maladaptive belief schemas and re-training behavior
empty-chair technique (Gestalt)
therapist places an empty chair next to the client and asks him to imagine that the object is of his emotion in sitting in the chair
group therapy
multiple people work together toward mutual therapeutic goals
Carl Rogers
believed that humans are good and that our basic nature is to grow and mature
couple's therapy
focus is on the marital unit
structural family therapy
focuses on the organization of the family system and uses active interventions to disrupt dysfunctional patterns
psychotherapy integration
use of theory or technique from multiple therapeutic perspectives
eclectic psychotherapy
clinicians combine technique from different approaches, often to fit a particular case
statistical technique that allows researchers to combine findings from various studies & make comparisons btwn the effects of treatment and no treatment