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more conversational than psychoanalysis but the goal is still exploration of unconscious proceses
patient is encouraged to say whatever comes to mind to reveal associational networks and unconscious processes involved in symptom formation
therapist interprets the thoughts and feelings of the patient in order to reveal hidden conflicts and motivations
analysis of transference
patients bring into therapy their past troubled relationships, which are transferred to the therapist
the client is encouraged to confront a feared stimulus mentally while in a relaxed state
virtual reality exposure
expose the client to virtual images of the feared stimulus instead of the actual stimulus
all exposure techniques prevent the client from producing responses that allow avoidance of the feared stimulus
therapist delivers reinforcement contingent on the occurrence of a target behavior in order to increase the probability of that behavior
therapist punishes a certain target event in order to decrease the probability of that behavior
therapist models the desired behavior and gradually induces the patient to participate in it
teach the behaviors necessary to accomplish relevant goals, often involving interpersonal competence
Ellis' Rational-Emotive Therapy
clients can rid themselves of the most psychological problems by minimizing their irrational thinking & maximizing rational thinking
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
alters the maladaptive thoughts and behaviors of a client through restructuring of maladaptive belief schemas and re-training behavior
empty-chair technique (Gestalt)
therapist places an empty chair next to the client and asks him to imagine that the object is of his emotion in sitting in the chair
structural family therapy
focuses on the organization of the family system and uses active interventions to disrupt dysfunctional patterns
clinicians combine technique from different approaches, often to fit a particular case
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