Terms in this set (41)
Separated but equal
This supreme court decision for brown vs. board of education repealed this doctrine which allowed for segregated facilities mostly in the south.
Automobile industry and society
Barbed wire, Joseph Glidden
He marketed the first barbed wire, solving the problem of how to fence cattle in the vast open spaces of the Great Plains where lumber was scarce, thus changing the American West.
Battle of Midway
1942 World War II battle between the United States and Japan, a turning point in the war in the Pacific
Battle of Stalingrad
Unsuccessful German attack on the city of Stalingrad during World War II from 1942 to 1943, that was the furthest extent of German advance into the Soviet Union.
Battle of the Bulge
December, 1944-January, 1945 - After recapturing France, the Allied advance became stalled along the German border. In the winter of 1944, Germany staged a massive counterattack in Belgium and Luxembourg which pushed a 30 mile "bulge" into the Allied lines. The Allies stopped the German advance and threw them back across the Rhine with heavy losses.
A wall separating East and West Berlin built by East Germany in 1961 to keep citizens from escaping to the West
October 29, 1929; date of the worst stock-market crash in American history and beginning of the Great Depression.
Causes of the Cold War
1. Germany divided into four sections, Berlin as well, divided separately and equally between the big three. 2. Stalin wanted to punished Germany with paid repressions just like after WWI, US wanted to help rebuild Germany. (If Germany was forced to pay repressions Stalin was hoping they would later become desperate and resort to communism) 3. US in Nato, USSR in Warsaw Pact. 4. Iron curtain 5. Truman Doctrine 6. Containment Policy 7.. Domino Theory 8. Marshall Plan 9. Berlin Airlift
Civil rights act of 1875
law that banned discrimination in public facilities and transportation
American policy of resisting further expansion of communism around the world
A speak easy where blacks played but could not be apart of the audience. One of the most famous Harlem nightspots.
battles in the air between individual pilots from opposing countries
Policy of the US that it would defend the Middle East against attack by any Communist country
FDR's Wife and New Deal supporter. Was a great supporter of civil rights and opposed the Jim Crow laws. She also worked for birth control and better conditions for working women
End of the Great Depression
World War II
Explosion of the Maine
What sparked the war with Spain?
Fair Labor Standards Act
1938 act which provided for a minimum wage and restricted shipments of goods produced with child labor
Term used to describe a time of both tremendous wealth and poverty in the late 1800's
Gospel of Wealth
This was a book written by Carnegie that described the responsibility of the rich to be philanthropists. This softened the harshness of Social Darwinism as well as promoted the idea of philanthropy.
movement of over 300,000 African American from the rural south into Northern cities between 1914 and 1920
A period in the 1920s when African-American achievements in art and music and literature flourished
Henry Ford and Mass Production
the manufacture of large quantities of standardized products, frequently utilizing assembly line technology. The assembly line, a conveyor belt carrying the work through a series of assembly areas, was introduced in 1913 by Henry Ford.
1862 - Provided free land in the West to anyone willing to settle there and develop it. Encouraged westward migration.
a bloody and prolonged operation on the island of Iwo Jima in which American marines landed and defeated Japanese defenders (February and March 1945)
John T. Scopes
An educator in Tennessee who was arrested for teaching evolution. This trial represented the Fundamentalist vs the Modernist. The trial placed a negative image on fundamentalists, and it showed a changing America.
(Night of the Broken Glass) November 9, 1938, when mobs throughout Germany destroyed Jewish property and terrorized Jews.
Idea that government should play as small a role as possible in economic affairs.
League of Nations
an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations
The message written by George Kennan in 1946 to Truman advising him to contain Communist expansion. Told Truman that if the Soviets couldn't expand, their Communism would eventually fall apart, and that Communism could be beaten without going to war.
A secret U.S. project for the construction of the atomic bomb.
A United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe (1948-1952)
Mecarthy and anti communist hunt
Native American Indians - used as code talkers (radio operators)
the political party founded in Germany in 1919 and brought to power by Hitler in 1933
Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact
A secret agreement between the Germans and the Russians that said that they would not attack each other
Neutrality Act of 1939
European democracies might buy American war materials on a "cash-and-carry basis"; improved American moral and economic position
A series of reforms enacted by the Franklin Roosevelt administration between 1933 and 1942 with the goal of ending the Great Depression.
A region in northwestern France on the English channel
A group of poker-playing, men that were friends of President Warren Harding. Harding appointed them to offices and they used their power to gain money for themselves. They were involved in scandals that ruined Harding's reputation even though he wasn't involved.
Open Door Policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
History Chapter 13