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27 terms

The Reproductive System (Bio201)

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epididymis
Sperm cells are stored primarily in what structure?
testosterone
What do interstitial cells produce?
seminiferous tubules
Where does sperm production occur?
testosterone
The hormone responsible for a male's secondary sexual characteristics
peristaltic contractions
Sperm are moved along the ductus deferens by what?
seminal glands (seminal vesicles)
The tubular gland that produces a secretion that contains fructose, is slightly alkaline, and
contributes about 60 percent to the volume of the semen
bulbourethral glands
The small, paired glands at the base of the penis that produce a lubricating secretion
scrotum
This structure is responsible for temperature control of the testes
FSH (follicle-simulating hormone)
The pituitary hormone that stimulates spermatogenesis
epididymis-ductus deferens-ejaculatory duct-urethra
The order in which sperm pass through from the testes to the penis
Cryptorchidism
________ is characterized by failure of the testes to descend into the scrotum at the time of birth.
clitoris
The female structure that corresponds to the male penis
estrogen
The hormone responsible for the development and maintenance of female secondary sexual
characteristics
cervix
The tubular portion of the uterus that extends downward into the upper portion of the vagina
placental estrogen and progesterone
The hormones responsible for maintaining the uterine wall during the second and third trimesters
uterus
The organ that provides mechanical protection and nutritional support for the developing embryo
vagina
receives the penis during coitus, holds spermatozoa prior to their passage to the uterus,forms the lower portion of the birth canal,serves as a passageway for the elimination of menstrual fluids
one
The process of oogenesis produces ________ viable ovum/ova.
fallopian tube
Where does fertilization normally occur?
28
The average length of the menstrual cycle is ________ days
hCG
The hormone commonly measured in a pregnancy test
estrogen and progesterone levels drop rapidly
What happens prior to menses?
Pelvic inflammatory disease
causes fever and abdominal pain, is frequently caused by sexually transmitted pathogens, can cause sterility, can possibly lead to peritonitis
amenorrhea
Cessation of the normal adult menstrual cycle for six months or more
Notable risk factor(s) associated with breast cancer
family history, poor diet,early menarche,pregnancy after age 30
vasectomy
The surgical technique used to sterilize a male
amenorrheic (have no monthly menstrual flow)
Marissa is an avid jogger and she trains incessantly. She has slimmed down so that she is now underweight for her height and has very little fat tissue. You would expect Marissa to be what?