U.S History Exam Study Guide
Terms in this set (52)
1887 law that distributed reservation land to individual Native American owners
U.S. political party formed in 1892 representing mainly farmers, favoring free coinage of silver and government control of railroads and other monopolies
the major cattle route from San Antonio, Texas, through Oklahoma to Kansas
Battle of Wounded Knee
US soldiers massacred 300 unarmed Native American in 1890. This ended the Indian Wars.
American Indian medicine man, chief, and political leader of his tribe at the time of the Custer massacre during the Sioux War
George A. Custer
United States general who was killed along with all his command by the Sioux at the battle of Little Bighorn (1839-1876)
the use of both gold and silver as a basis for a national monetary system
Taking illegal payments for services made.
the disorientation that people experience when they come in contact with a fundamentally different culture and can no longer depend on their taken-for-granted assumptions about life
Granting favors or giving contracts or making appointments to office in return for political support
Gentlemen's Agreement (1907)
Agreement when Japan agreed to curb the number of workers coming to the US and in exchange Roosevelt agreed to allow the wives of the Japanese men already living in the US to join them
Thomas Nast (1840-1902)
Political cartoonist against Boss Tweed/Tammany Hall, 1869-1871
An increase in the percentage and in the number of people living in urban settlements.
Orville and Wilbur Wright
These brothers were bicycle mechanics from Dayton, Ohio who built and flew the first plane at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina on December 17, 1903.
A requirement that citizens pay a tax in order to register to vote
Theodore Roosevelt's promise of fair and equal treatment for all
A policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
the right to vote
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers
19th Amendment (1920)
Gave women the right to vote
Established the direct election of senators (instead of being chosen by state legislatures)
aimed to restore economic opportunities and correct injustices in American life
volunteer soldiers led by Theodore Roosevelt during the Spanish American War
October 29, 1929; date of the worst stock-market crash in American history and beginning of the Great Depression.
Depression shantytowns, named after the president whom many blamed for their financial distress
place where food is provided to the needy at little or no charge
WWI veterans who marched on Washington demanding their $1,000 bonus pay before the 1945 due date.
A series of reforms enacted by the Franklin Roosevelt administration between 1933 and 1942 with the goal of ending the Great Depression.
New Deal Programs
CCC, FERA, PWA, CWA, WPA, NRA, SEC, FDC, AAA,& TVA
Civilian Conservation Corps
New Deal program that hired unemployed men to work on natural conservation projects
Critics of FDR
Republicans, Huey Long, Charles Coughlin, Francis Townshend
Works Progress Administration
Program of the New Deal to perform public works to put people back to work.
fire side chats (FDR)
This was a broadcast series of 30 evening radio broadcasts given by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt .
Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)
Gave farmers money to reduce crop size to reduce production and bring up the value of crops
Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)
A relief, recovery, and reform effort that gave 2.5 million poor citizens jobs and land. It brought cheap electric power, low-cost housing, cheap nitrates, and the restoration of eroded soil.
Public Works Administration (PWA)
New Deal agency that provided millions of jobs constructing public buildings
Herbert Hoover's belief that people must be self-reliant and not depend upon the federal government for assistance.
Social Security Act
(FDR) 1935, guaranteed retirement payments for enrolled workers beginning at age 65; set up federal-state system of unemployment insurance and care for dependent mothers and children, the handicapped, and public health
Government practice of spending more than it takes in from taxes
Long term effects of the New Deal
-expanded size, role, and perception of federal government
-government took active role in the economy
-changed the relationship between people and federal government
-more direct involvement
-looked to federal government for help
-expanded power and expectations of Pres
-more active and primary branch of govt.
-New Deal Coalitions-dominated US politics
-Social Safety Net-Welfare State
-Infrastructure from relief programs
-roads, dams, bridges, public buildings
-Inclusion of women and minorities in govt.
-Laid foundation for post WWII boom
A drought in the 1930s that turned the Great Planes very dry.
dust bowl effects
thousands of farmers (okies, arkies) left their house to go look for work in California.
Reason FDR won the 1932 election
Because Hoover was FDR's opponent; people did not like Hoover.
Which president tried to provide relief programs too late in his terms?
Franklin D. Roosevelt
What was the name of Roosevelt's plan to economic recovery?
The New Deal Plan
To insure banks would not fail, Roosevelt issued a 4 day____________his first day.
What were the causes of the Dust Bowl?
drought, high winds, overproduction of crops
What are two examples of direct relief?
Emergency housing aid and Social Security
In response to New Deal critics, FDR launched______________.
Share Our Wealth
What were the causes of the Great Depression?
Stock Market Crash of 1929
Reduction in Purchasing Across the Board
American Economic Policy with Europe
What habits did people who lived through the Great Depression develop?
No waste (I.E. to go bags) and Saved everything
Who received relief under the Social Security Act?
citizens 65 years or older for retirement