Ch. 15 Atmosphere & Climate
Terms in this set (19)
breaking down a large problem into smaller pieces - applied to reducing carbon emissions
narrow bands of high-speed winds that circle the earth, blowing from west to east
A seasonal wind pattern that causes wet and dry seasons.
fierce tropical storms with strong winds
A violently rotating column of air stretching from a cloud to the ground
2nd layer of atmosphere; extends from 10 to 30 miles up; location of ozone layer; absorbs 95% of Ultraviolet radiation; temperature increases with altitude increase.
0-17 km above Earth's surface, site of weather, organisms, contains most atmospheric water vapor. (temperature decreases with increasing altitude, pressure decreases)
Changes in the shape of earth's orbit, tilt, and wobble that cause glacial periods and interglacial periods.
an irregularly occurring and complex series of climatic changes affecting the equatorial Pacific region and beyond every few years, characterized by the appearance of unusually warm, nutrient-poor water off northern Peru and Ecuador, typically in late December.
A cooling of the ocean surface off the western coast of South America, occurring periodically every 4 to 12 years and affecting Pacific and other weather patterns.
the percentage of incoming sunlight reflected from a surface
El Nino Southern Oscillation, trade winds weaken & warm surface water moves toward South America. Diminished fisheries off South America, drought in western Pacific, increased precipitation in southwestern North America, fewer Atlantic hurricanes.
positive feedback loop
Causes a system to change further in the same direction.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
the trapping of the sun's warmth in a planet's lower atmosphere due to the greater transparency of the atmosphere to visible radiation from the sun than to infrared radiation emitted from the planet's surface.
controlling global warming by setting greenhouse gas emissions targets for developed countries
The effect of Earth's rotation on the direction of winds and currents.
making no net release of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere, especially through offsetting emissions by planting trees.
global climate change
A broad term that refers to changes in the earth's climate mostly as a result of changes in temperature and precipitation.
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