The most common antiseptic for routine blood collection is
70% ISOPROPYL ALCOHOL
The color coded tube that is most often associated with hematology tests are
What type of anticoagulant is normally used to collect a specimen for a complete blood count (CBC)?
Blood collected in a red stopper tube yieldds...
YIELDS SERUM AND CLOTTED RED CELLS
A light blue stopper tube normally contains
Which of the following tubes are in the proper order of draw? A. lavender, light blue, red B. light blue, lavender, red C. light blue, red, lavender D. red, light blue, lavender
D. red, light blue, lavender
Which size needles are used for routine venipuncture? A. 16 - 18 gauge B. 18 - 20 gauge C. 20 - 22 gauge D. 22 - 24 gauge
C. 20 - 22 gauge
The slanted tip of the needle that enters the vein is called the
Which of the following needle gauges has the smallest diameter? A. 18 B. 21 C. 22 D. 23
Breakage or rupture of red blood cells is called
A patient faints while a blood specimen is being collected. What should the phlebotomist do?
REMOVE THE NEEDLE AND LOWER THE PATIENT'S HEAD AND ARMS
Which is the proper way to anchor a vein
PULL SKIN TAUT WITH YOUR THUMB
Which is the best angle to use for needle insertion
15 TO 30 DEGREES
When is the best time to release the tourniquet during venipuncture?
AFTER THE LAST NUBE IS COLLECTED
What 3 events happen if you pierce the stopper on the tube before the needle is inserted?
1) THE TUBE WILL FAIL TO FILL WITH BLOOD, (2) YOU WILL HAVE TO GET A NEW TUBE, (3) THE VACUUM WILL BE LOST.
What is the advantage of using a butterfly
BUTTERFLIES MAKE IT EASIER TO DRAW DIFFICULT VEINS
When must you wash your hands when performing a routine blood draw
BEFORE AND AFTER THE BLOOD DRAW
What is the best thing to do if a vein can be felt but not seen
LOOK FOR VISUAL LANDMARKS ON THE SKIN TO HELP YOU REMEMBER WHERE IT IS
The phlebotomist should have the patient bend his or her arm up to stop the bleeding after venipuncture has been performed to avoid causing a bruise
True or False.
The latex tourniquet is the most commonly used and is easily cleaned if soiled - True or False
The Greek work "phleb" means
A multiple sample needle has a rubber sheath that covers the end that pierces the tube stopper. What is the purpose of the rubber sheath?
ENABLES SMOOTH TUBE PLACEMENT AND REMOVAL
Most serologic and chemistry tests are collected in a (color of tube?)
TIGER TOP TUBES
Bounce, sponginess and resiliency are three characteristics of a vein that will increase chances for a successful venipuncture (True or False).
Testing a patient's blood sugar with the accu-check system is a form of ...
CAPILLARY SKIN PUNCTURE
When selecting an appropriate needle size and length of needle for venipuncture, the medical assistant should consider"
VEIN DIAMETER AND VEIN DEPTH
The color-coded tops on evacuated tubes represent a method of payment for the test performed when processed by the lab (True or False)
A serum blood specimen is ... (1) a specimen where anticoagulants are added so that the blood does not clot (2) a specimen where anticoagulants are not added so that the blood will clot. (3) collected for electrolyte panels and drug levels (4) collected for anticoagulant studies